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Jewish Canadians 5324

The history of Jewish immigrants to Canada

Beverly Danao

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of Jewish Canadians 5324

Jewish Canadian Immigrants By: Beverly and Lisa France New France Esther Brandeau disguised herself as a Catholic boy and boarded a ship to New France. She was the very first Jew to step into Canadian soil. A year later, she was discovered and was sent back to France after she refused to convert to Catholicism. . Trois-Rivieres The Jews finally started immigrating and settling in Lower Canada after the British took over New France. After that, they spread out, and settled in Upper Canada and other provinces. Trois-Rivieres 1738 King Louis XIV decreed that only Roman Catholics could enter the colony of New France. 1663 1763 Because of the decree, there weren't any Jews in Canada before 1760, except for Esther Brandeau. But some soldiers of the British troops were Jews. One of them, Aaron Hart, settled in Trois-Rivieres. His family became very prominent in Montreal and helped build the Jewish community. 1760 By 1871, there were still only 1115 Jews living in Canada, mostly concentrated in Montreal. Montreal Lower Canada Pogroms in the Russian Empire From 1880’s to 1930’s, mass immigration happened due to the Pogroms in Russia. The pogroms were violent riots which were allowed by the law, that attacked Jews. This included rape, injury, murder, looting and destruction of property. The Jews fled the Pale of Settlement, which was the only region where they could legally settle in Russia, and they immigrated to Canada. After 1930, the total Jewish population grew to over 155,000. 1880-1930 Holocaust in Eastern Europe During World War 11, the Canadian government restricted immigration because of unemployment due to the Great Depression. Only 5000 Jews entered Canada during the war because people and the government were afraid that the immigrants would take the job away from them. Thousands of Jewish refugees, fleeing from the Holocaust, were turned away.

After WWII, Canada finally opened immigration. 40,000 holocaust survivors from eastern Europe came during the 1940's, seeking for a peaceful country where they could rebuild their lives. 1940's Largest influx of Immigrants Section 1: When did they arrive in Canada? Section 3: Where did they settle? Section 2: Push and Pull factors Push Factors Pull Factors -The Jews left their Russia, Astro-Hungarian and Roman empires to escape prejudice, legal discrimination and violence. -They came to canada in hopes that they would be treated equally. Section 4: Settling in Canada When the Jews were leaving their homelands, they had to leave everything behind, and start a

dangerous journey to a new land, in hopes of a safer and more prosperous life. Some of the

hardships the Jews faced after arriving in Canada were racism (as Canada had some religious

intolerance), language differences, building a new life, and sustaining their religion and

traditions. They founded organizations which expressed their identity (national minority with a

distinctive religion and communal structure). The Jews were also not allowed to hold certain

jobs, as those jobs were reserved for “Christians”. They also set up places of worship as

religion was very important for them, followed by synagogues and schools. They persevered to

make Canada their new home, and learned to adjust and stand up for their beliefs. Section 6: Cultural Contribution - The many Jewish holidays including Passover, Purim, Shavuot, and Hanukkah contribute to Canada’s multiculturalism.

- They have also contributed through their skills and talents through Music, Poetry, Art, Comedy, Architecture and Acting.

- They have created many businesses and institutions. (Ex. Levi’s, Starbucks)

- The Jews have also contributed to Canada through the many charities they are involved in.

- Members of the Jewish community have participated in every significant conflict that has involved Canada. Section 5: Economic Contribution to Canada
The very first Jews to settle in Canada worked as fur traders, merchants and entrepreneurs.

The children of the European refugees started out as peddlers, eventually working their way up to established businesses, such as retailers and wholesalers. In the late 1800’s to early 1900’s, many of the Jewish Canadians were storekeepers or tradesmen. Many of them set up shops by new rail lines, selling to the construction workers, who were also Jewish.

The Jews that escaped the Holocaust played an essential role in the development of Canadian clothing and textile industry. They worked as tailors and furriers and as labourers in urban sweatshops.

Today, we may find Jews in government and civil service, cultural fields, communications, and acadamia. Most of them have white collar jobs or are business owners. This photo shows victims of the 1905 pogrom in Yekaterinoslav. Jewish refugees in a Japanese ship that made port in Vancouver. They escaped the Nazis via Japan. This is a picture of ss St. Louis. This ship came to Canada carrying over 900 jewish refugees. Canada turned them away and they had to go back to Europe. -Violent mob attacks including injury, rape, looting, murder and destruction began in the 1880's in Russia. -Jews did not have religious freedom, were not allowed to practice their religion and tradition, as well as were not allowed to hold certain jobs. -They hoped they would have religious freedom and cultural freedom. -They wanted to start a new and prosperous life. -They came seeking a peaceful country to rebuild their lives after the Holocaust. Yukon Territory Northwest Territories Nunavut British Columbia Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Ontario Quebec PEI New Brunswick Nova Scotia Newfoundland and Labrador Montreal Quebec City Toronto Menorah - it's the universal symbol for Judaism.

- ancient Hebrew lampstand, made of pure gold.

- has six branches. It has seven lamps in total. Kosher food - food that can be consumed according to Jewish Law. The Pale of settlement
Present day: Lithuania, Belarus, Poland, Moldova, Ukraine
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