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Ebola Virus

Ebola virus project By: Collin Theriault and Theo Li

7th Grade Falcons

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Ebola Virus

By: Collin Theriault and Theo Li Ebola Virus History of Ebola Source: Stimola, Aubrey. Ebola. USA: Rosen publishing, 2011. Symptoms Began in Yambuku, DRC Not active today; in labs Largest outbreak in 1976 1989-1992: Tested on monkeys 1976: First outbreak in which Ebola is seen Sudden illness are: ...hard to identify Headache, weakness, muscle+joint pain Massive [internal] bleeding (Bloody) vomit/diarrhea Blindness Dementia Death [within 5-6 days of contracting] Treatments/preventative measures No direct treatments; only supportive care Antibiotics+fever medication Oxygen+maintenance of blood pressure Even with supportive care, death rate is 50-90% Fluids [water] "Ebola Treatment". 2006-2012. Dec. 14, 2012
<http://ebola.emedtv.com/ebola/ebola-treatment.html> Multiple lab accidents, some fatal Vaccination prior to exposure may save the patient's life Prototype vaccine used after lab accident, may have saved her life Rashes Hemorrhage fever Cough Sterilization/disinfection of needles, beds, etc. Explanation of 7 key words in History Ebola was first seen in Yambuku, and not surprisingly it was almost the worst epidemic in Ebola history. The year 1976 was when the largest epidemic was. There were near 320 human cases, and 280 or 88% died. There was a lab accident with Ebola, and the scientist was injected with a prototype vaccine, and it may have saved her life. However, there have been more than one lab accident, and some were fatal. Today it is deactivated in labs, ready for future testing. During 1989-1992 the Ebola virus was tested on monkeys, to find a possible vaccine/cure. symptoms The Some sudden illnesses of Ebola are headaches, weakness, muscle + joint pain. The most unusual illnesses are blindness, and bloody vomit and/or diarrhea. Some other sudden illnesses are coughs, rashes, massive internal bleeding, hemorrhage fever. The worst one to me is dementia(forgetting things easily). Then death comes to get you within 5-6 days of contracting! The description Overall Conclusion Main Conclusion: *Disclaimer*
We know, that Ebola is a grotesque virus so we limited the pictures for your own health [and sanity] so you don't vomit, that is! Pictures: Picture #1 It looks like they're going paint balling, but it's a much more serious business. Bringing Ebola victims to their resting place. The burying of the bodies often exposes people to the infection and virus, making it spread from person to person. This virus has not attacked recently, the last outbreak was in 2007, in Uganda. The most local/recent event was in 1996 in the USA. The only reason there was a case was because there was an infected monkey in the Philippines that came over. There were no human cases. Picture #2 Picture #3 Ebola Bio-hazard Ebola is a very serious disease with enormous outbreaks. Hundreds have died, and many more to come. But hopefully not, because major science advances allow us to possibly contain or control it. I bet after being educated in this disease, you'll agree with us. Who knows? Maybe it will happen tomorrow, maybe in years. Ebola is considered a Biosafety Level 4 virus, to have a comparison, your average school's science lab is a Biosafety Level 1. A Biosafety Level 2 lab is a "middle-class risk" to humans/environment; an example is measles. A Biosafety Level 3 are potentially deadly diseases. The have high security, two sets of doors, and the chambers are under negative pressure so that air goes in, not out; tuberculosis is a level 3 hazard. Biosafety Level 4 viruses have a high risk of airborne infections and life- threatening illnesses, they have multiple air-locks, and no one with immune system problems are allowed, and healthy serum is stored in test tubes for transfusions. Ebola is only found in "under-developed" countries, but still poses a huge threat because of the damage it does to organs and the body. It causes immense bleeding, and organs fail to function and just shut down eventually. The outbreaks only number in the hundreds, but there have been many of them.
Ebola is not to be messed with.
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