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LSA2010 Criminology theories

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Katie Roark

on 26 April 2010

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Transcript of LSA2010 Criminology theories

Criminological Theories CLASSICAL CRIMINOLOGY MODERN CRIMINOLOGY Free Will Theory Hedonistic Calculus Theory Biological-Physiological Theories IQ Theory XYY Defect Theory Psychological-Mental Theories Psychoanalysis Theory Moral Development Theory Jacobs Freud believed there were 3 components to this theory. the 1st is the id. this has basic instincts: need for food and water. the 2nd is the Ego. This helps the id Kohlberg Cesare Beccaria had three parts to his theory. He said all individuals possess free will, rational manner, and manipulability. He believed all individuals have free will and can make their own choices. Everyone can rationally look out for their satisfaction. for manipulability, he thinks "universally shared human motive of rational self-interest makes human action predictable, generalable and controllable." http://www.constitution.org/cb/beccaria_bio.htm "Bentham’s hedonistic utilitarianism states that we always ought to perform that act that leads to the greatest pleasure. This raises the question as to how we are to quantify pleasure; if we cannot put a value on the quantity of pleasure that an act produces, then we cannot compare it to other acts in order to decide which of them we ought to perform." http://www.moralphilosophy.info/hedoniccalculus.html Binet created the IQ test. In which if the lower you scored, the higher chance of commiting a crime . Jacobs thought that some males are born with an extra Y chromosome. He found that those males with the extra Y chromosome tend to commit more crimes. This is because he thought they are more prone to aggressive behavior than XY males this theory is broken down into 3 categories: preconventional level, conventional level, and postconventional level. The preconventional level is when someone tries to figure out how they can get away with doing something without getting punished. The conventional level is when people do what they think is expected of them. The poatconventional level uses ethical fairness principles.
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