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Copy of Terrorism Presentation

SoSE Assignment

Rejean Lyca

on 2 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Terrorism Presentation

What is terrorism? noun: the use of violence and threats to intimidate or coerce, esp. for political purposes. HIstory of Terrorism Terrorism in the 20th Century Terrorism 14th-18th Century 19th Century 1st-14th Century Zealots French Revolution Anarchy -Displayed similar aspects of organization to modern day terrorist groups. -Assassinated Roman forces and Jews they believed to be working with them. -Created fear amongst people by disappearing after the attacks, so no one knew who had done it. The Assassins - A faction of Shia Islam, actually called the Niziri Ismailia -Sacrificed their own lives to complete each assassination, due to their style of killing. -the Revolution gave rise to the words "terrorist" and "terrorism" -Enforcers of "The terror" were called "terrorists" -The guillotine started being used -Promotes the idea of a stateless society 1881: The assassination of Russian Tsar Alexander II, by the group Narodnaya Volya 1894: The assassination of the French president Marie-Francois Sadi Carnot 1894: Bombing of Greenwich Observatory in London 1901: The assassination of American president William McKinley Narodnaya Volya -Started showing signs of similar terrorism styles that we see today -Would put off attacks if others were in danger "one man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter" (unknown) -It involves extraordinary violence -It’s meant to have an audience -Involves a planned attack for a purpose -Intends to create massive fear Nationalism -Is the belief that people are bound together by territorial, cultural and/or ethnic links. -Was the cause of many of the most significant events of the 20th century. -Formed the backbone and inspiration for many attempts at government overthrows. Effects of "total War" -"Total War", the idea that all efforts needed to be used to aid the war. -New weapons and technologies focused on harming enemy's economy. -Civilians became legitimate targets Palestine Liberation Organisation Irish Republican Army -Wants to form an independant Palestinian state -Led for a long time by Yasser Arafat September 1970: they hijacked 3 jets, freed the passengers, then blew the planes up in front of TV cameras 1972 Olympics in Munich: Murdered 11 Israeli athletes and coaches, as well as a German police officer. After their expulsion from Jordan, they turned their refugee camps into armed fortresses and training camps. -Was considered the most dangerous terrorist group in the world -Formed over land disputes with the British Government July 1972: “Bloody Friday” bombing spree. 1979: Assassinated Lord Mountbatten 1984: Bombing a Brighton hotel where British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, was staying. 1993: Car bomb detonated in London’s financial district Their current goals: -Overthrow all governments that they deem “non-Islamic” -Ridding all Muslim countries of Westerners and non-Muslims "it was the duty of all Muslims to kill US citizens, and their allies everywhere." The 9/11 Attacks -19 members of Al-Qaeda hijack 4 planes Plane 1 Plane 2 Plane 3 Plane 4 North Tower South Tower Pentagon Pennsylvania AFterwards -People would prefer visiting family than shopping at malls. -The "Global War on Terror" was started. -People wanted to know more, but unfortunately they were stuck with Bush: "Why do they hate us so much? They hate our freedoms – our freedom of religion, our freedom of speech, our freedom to vote” (George Bush) "I'm amazed that there's such misunderstanding of what our country is about that people would hate us ... I just can't believe it because I know how good we are." (George Bush)
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