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Carbon's Ultimate Road Trip

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Hailey O'Nan

on 3 October 2013

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Transcript of Carbon's Ultimate Road Trip

Carbon's Ultimate Road Trip
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Carbon's Origins in Space
-It started with the Big Bang! When the Universe exploded into existence around 15 billion years ago, and created all the matter where the only abundant elements were Hydrogen and Helium.
- Inside the stars, other elements were created. The huge mass of the star's material created a thing call, a gravitational pull. The gravitational pull has heat and pressure which forces together particles under huge pressure. When the gravitational force takes over the electric force it causes the atoms to fuse together to form heavier atoms.
- E=mc^2, Albert Einsteins equation, explained how matter can be converted to energy and energy can be converted to mass. Helium and Hydrogen were important in the big bang because they were the first element

Carbon and Hydrogen were the building blocks of
How most Carbon appeared on Earth
Most Carbon that came to the Earth was due to Nuclear Fusion. Stars that existed before the Big Bang, eventually exploded, which created elements that were spread out through space. Sooner than later, all the energy and elements came together as the solar system was formed and became part of the planet.
A microscopic particle in space or of the outside origin that is small enough so that if it enters the Earth's atmosphere, it would not burn up but drift to Earth's surface instead.
Carbon becomes apart of living things because instead of burning the land on Earth's surface.
Ways Carbon is Apart of Living Things
The shape of a carbon atom, called a tetrahedral, is important for bonding Carbon with other atoms. The shape of the tetrahedral is strong enough for this bonding to take place.
The benefits from Carbohydrates which consists of Carbon atoms, range from energy storage to cell structure.
Producers take in Carbon Dioxide from the air, and consumers eat the producers.
Carbon Atoms have 4 valence electrons; there is still enough room for the Carbon Atom to attract other valence electrons, thus reacting with other elements. To complete an outer shell: 8 valence Electrons must be attained.
Changing the number of Neutrons - change the behavior of the element
Changing the number of Electrons - cancels out any positive charge, also responsible for holding the atoms together.
Changing the number of Protons - changes the element
Basic Structure of a Carbon Atom
Protons Neutrons Electrons

M: 1 1 1/1836
C: 1 0 -1
Protons and Neutrons are located in the Nucleus (surrounds the Nucleus)
Forces that Affect a Carbon Atom
Electromagnetic Force: which is the attraction of Protons and Negative electrons. Similar charges repel such as two negative charges and two positive charges.
Nuclear Force: Holds the particles in the atoms nucleus together. The force is so strong that protons will not repel one another, which only occurs at very close distances.
Gravitational Force: An atoms strength of attraction depends on how far apart they are,their mass, and their location. Another thing, the force is so strong that protons will become "crushed" even when they are expected to repel.
A Super Nova Explosion: When massive stars, many times larger than our own sun, explodes due to their core's fusion process running out of fuel.
"Vehicles" that Bring Carbon to Earth
Asteroids: Rocky,fragments left over from the formation of the solar system, and you can find them orbiting the sun
Meteors: Dust or Sand grain sized pieces of rock which speed through space
Comets: A object consisting of a nucleus of ice and duct.
Considering Carbon for Life
"We are all star stuff"
During a supernova, the creation of heavier elements like oxygen and iron are created from when the vasts amounts on energy is released. Another thing, the explosion of a massive star spreads various different elements (one being carbon) around the Universe, which helps planets like Earth. Which leads to the conclusion that every every element, human and nature on Earth, was formed because of a star.
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