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The Trail of Tears

research Project

Caroline Hakel

on 7 January 2013

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Transcript of The Trail of Tears

By: Caroline Hakel The Trail of Trails Thesis Statement The Trail of Tears was an unjust tragedy of which thousands of Native Americans such as the Choctaws, Muskogee, Chickasaws, Cherokees, and the Seminoles, were forced to leave their homes by the Americans. The Tribes This picture shows the different ways the indians traveled, by water and land. This painting shows the Native Americans rebuilding what they were forced to leave behind. The Destination Cherokee
More than 15,000 Cherokee were forced to move
traveled in a big group
(Fischer 15) Seminoles
deceived by the government to
sign the Indian Removal Act
fought against authorities which
led to the second Seminole War in 1835
the last of them were forced
westward in chains in 1859 Chickasaw
small tribe
500 died of smallpox
(James 1) Creek Nation
fought in the Creek War from 1836-37
14,000 were moved to Oklahoma
2,500 were in chains
(James 1) Choctaws
first to sign Indian Removal Act in 1834
4,000 were forced westward
hundreds died and the ones that stayed
were cheated then forced to leave
(James 1) Indian Removal Act The Indian Removal Act gave Andrew Jackson the power to negotiate removal treaties with Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi. Under the Act, the Indians traded their land in exchange for lands to the west. (James 1) Unjust Treatment Many Cherokee were forced out of their homes and were treated roughly
If a soldier did not want to wait, he was allowed to leave with part of a family and leave the rest behind
Thousands of Indians were locked up in stockades which were gross, filty buildings they kept the Indians before departure on the Trail of Tears.
Many Indians were chained while moving
(Fischer 11)
When soldiers arrested the Indians, they destroyed their homes and stole their belongings
(Hansen 1) This map shows where the Indians went to, Oklahoma and areas around Georgia. 4,000 died on the Trail of Tears because of starvation, exhaustion, and sickness. About 16,000 Cherokee arrived in Oklahoma.
(Hansen 1) Citations
Hicks, Brian. "The Holdouts." Smithsonian. 2011: 50-60. Web. 6 Dec. 2012.

Hansen, Megan. "Following the Footsteps of Our Cherokee Ancestors ." Carus
Publishing Company. 2010: p38-39. Web. 7 Dec. 2012.
17-0ec9bbce5b0c@sessionmgr13&bdata=JnNpdGU9c3JjLWxpdmU= James, Angela. "Trail of Tears 1830-1858." thenagain.info. HIST 2260:
Modern World History, 03 2004. Web. 7 Dec 2012.
Fischer, Laura. Life on the Trail of Tears. Chicago: Heinemann Library, 2003.
4-32. Print.
N.d. globalsecurity.org.Web. 13 Dec 2012. The Trail of Tears. N.d. pbs.org, New York. Web. 13 Dec 2012.
<http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4h1567.html>. Standley, Max D. "Trail of Tears" series. 1995. maxdstandley.com.Web. 13
Dec 2012.
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