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Transcript of Nazi Propaganda
What messages did Nazi propaganda convey?
What was the purpose of Nazi Propaganda?
Propaganda & the Radio:
Propaganda and the Olympic Games:
Militarism and Propaganda:
Nazi Propaganda had three core messages, repeated again and again to the German people:
It told them that Hitler was saving Germany.
It told them that Jews were evil
It told them that Germany had not really lost the First World War.
'The intelligence of the masses is small. Their forgetfulness is great. They must be told the same thing a thousand times.'
Dr Joseph Goebbels was in charge of the Ministry of Popular Entertainment and Enlightenment.
'It is the task of state propaganda to simplify complicated ways of thinking so that even the smallest man in the street may understand.'
More important than this perhaps, was Goebbels' role in censoring and prevent anti-Nazi views from being heard. In May 1933 Goebbels organised a book burning campaign where 'good Germans' were encouraged to throw books disapproved by the Nazis onto bonfires.
In the 1930s, the radio was the at the forefront of technology. The Nazis were well aware of the power of the radio. By 1939, 70% of German homes had a radio. The Nazis produced millions of cheap radios with a very limited range. This meant listeners could only pick up German, Nazi controlled stations.
'Through technical devices like the radio, 80 million people were deprived of independent thought. It was possible to subject them to the will of one man.'
Albert Speer, adviser to Hitler
1. What does Albert Speer mean when he says 'the radio deprived 80 million people of independent thought'?
2. Why do you think the Radio was so important for spreading Nazi propaganda?
3. Do you think it would be easier or more difficult for the Nazis to have spread their propaganda message if today's levels of technology had existed?
Each year in September, gigantic rallies were held in Nuremberg. Hundreds of thousands of people attended these rallies where they were entertained by mock battles, military parades, triumphant music all building into the crescendo of Hitler's speech. Hitler's speeches would always be followed by hysterical, fanatical cheering.
1. How did Nazi rallies help Hitler increase his control over Germany?
2.What impact do you think attending a Nazi rally would have on:
a) a strong Nazi Supporter
b) someone who was undecided about the Nazi party
The Berlin Olympics were one massive propaganda opportunity for Hitler.
He wanted to show the world how much the Nazis had saved Germany and restored it to a prosperous, healthy country again.
By building stadia for the games Hitler created jobs and also impressed people with powerful Nazi architecture.
Equally Hitler wanted to demonstrate to the world and to the Germans the strength of the Aryan 'master race' by winning as much medals as possible.
1. What propaganda opportunities did hosting the Olympic games provide Hitler with?
2. To what extent did the Olympic Games 'prove' Aryans to be the 'Master Race'?
Militarism was a central feature of Nazi Propaganda.
Through militaristic propaganda, the Nazis convinced the German public that Germany was ready for another war, just 15 years after the slaughter of WWI.
At Nuremberg Rallies, German people could gaze in amazement at pretend battles, watch marches with drums, flags and uniformed men and women all with the purpose of highlighting the strength of the German Military.
As often possible school timetables incorporated military situations and PE for boys largely focused on military drills and exercises.
Militarism was at the heart of the Hitler Youth, an organisation where boys were taught military skills in preparation for joining the army.
1. Describe the ways in which the Nazis spread militaristic propaganda.
2. What do you think the purpose of this was?
Order the Nazi methods of Propaganda from most to least effective:
Explain your answer.
Review and Reflect:
How the Nazis made use of propaganda to get their messages across to the German people.
Examining primary sources.
Develop source skills, develop group work skills. Gain an understanding of one of the ways the Nazis controlled Germany.
In your groups discuss any adverts you can remember seeing or hearing over the last week.
Did the advert(s) have an impact on you?
Did the advert(s) make you want the product they were advertising?
What is propaganda?
Nazi Propaganda Posters:
Create your own version of a Nazi propaganda poster. The poster must reflect one of the key messages of Nazi ideology:
That Hitler was Germany's saviour.
That Jews were evil.
That the Nazis would protect & help German families.
That the Treaty of Versailles must be destroyed.
Propaganda is the use of the media to aggressively promote one point of view.
Look back at Hitler's thought bubbles. What kind of messages do you think Nazi propaganda would have conveyed?
Look at the poster your group has been given:
Describe what is in the poster.
What Nazi message is this trying to give?
Do you think this poster would catch your attention?
1. Why would posters be an effective way of spreading propaganda?
2. What problems are there with posters for spreading propaganda?