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Alex McDonnells 7 traits project
Transcript of Alex McDonnells 7 traits project
Enslaved House servants, Free Blacks, Farmers, Middling
and The Gentry. These are the ones I am going to talk about Language There were many different types of people living
in the 13 colonies. About a total of 12 different types of people. They were primarily British, Dutch, German, English and Irish. That means there were many different types of language and it was very diverse. The languages spoken in America were English, German, French, and Spanish. Religion In the early years of what later became the United States, Christian religious groups played an important role in all of the British colonies, and most attempted to enforce strict religious observance through both colony governments and local town rules. Daily Life Arts Economy Religion Language Social Groups Daily Life Government Government Economy Arts Gentry: The Gentry was considered the "upper crust" of the colonial period. They were very wealthy landowners and usually had many slaves. The gentlewomen would usually on the top of fashion and social class Middling: The middling was the middle class of the colonial times. They worked in trades for example blacksmiths, silversmiths, printing, and millinery. They were professionals like lawyers, doctors merchants and more. Gentry: Gentry: Farmers: The farmers were more of a lower class according to Mr. Chagan but some could be very wealthy. They would usually have their whole family working and maybe if they were wealthy enough they would own a couple of slaves Free blacks: The colonies had important population of free blacks. Even though they did not have the same rights as the white people, They could own property, work some skilled jobs and make many a great contributions to the communities. Most of the blacks were in the lower- middling class. Enslaved House Servants: There were two types of slaves ones who worked around
the house and others in the fields. Enslaved House
Servants usaually performed jobs such as cooks, coopers, manservants, blacksmiths etc.. People would say they had the "better" part of slavery. Enslaved field hands: Enslaved field hands would usually work by picking cotton or tobbacco, food mainly in agriculture. They would work from dawn to dusk with barely a break and were usually more popular in British American colonies. The British were a very big part of american immigration. Here is a drawing of some of the British immigrants getting aboard the ship ready to come over . They spoke English as their language. Irish Colonies The Irish seemed to mainly end up in Philadelphia, New York and Charleston. In the 1700's the Irish owned about 15-20% of the country's land. They were one of the primarily groups that left Europe. The Irish people who came aboard and across the seas spoke a majority of English but some spoke Gaelic. The majority of the colonial population had come from Great Britain, whether from Scotland, Ireland, England or Wales. But there were several other languages spoken...Delaware was founded by Sweden, New York was founded by the dutch, and many spanish speaking Floridians and Louisiana/Ohio Valley/Quebec peoples speaking french also lived in the territories of the colonies. These are some German immigrants coming to America. As you can see it was a struggle to get to America because all the people who wanted to leave. The germans tend to have spoken Yiddish and/or German. (note) I have done lots of Immigration stuff because that has a lot to do with the language spoken of one country and its past like how they got to America. This is New England where the English had first settled. Language was mainly English in these colonies and in most. Although most colonists considered themselves Christians, this did not mean that they lived in a culture of religious unity. Instead, differing Christian groups often believed that their own practices and faiths provided unique values that needed protection against those who disagreed, driving a need for rule and regulation. As you can see from this image their are many different types of christian religion most of them made from the colonial people. Why did people leave? Many immigrants, particularly in the earlier Colonial period, fled their homes to avoid religious persecution, creating communities that celebrated and allowed their faiths in the "New World." The picture down below is important because it was a main factor to why people left Traditions Like in almost all religions their are traditions. Because America was mainly christian I showed you a Christian tradition. Going to church, or Holiday Traditions are religious traditions. Traditions almost always have to do with religion and that is why it is in this part of the traits of culture. Beliefs: We believe in one God,
the Father, the Almighty,
maker of heaven and earth,
of all that is, seen and unseen.
We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ,
the only Son of God,
eternally begotten of the Father,
God from God, light from light,
true God from true God,
begotten, not made,
of one Being with the Father;
through him all things were made.
For us and for our salvation
he came down from heaven,
was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary
and became truly human.
For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate;
he suffered death and was buried.
On the third day he rose again
in accordance with the Scriptures;
he ascended into heaven
and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead,
and his kingdom will have no end.
We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life,
who proceeds from the Father [and the Son],
who with the Father and the Son is worshiped and glorified,
who has spoken through the prophets.
We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church.
We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.
We look for the resurrection of the dead,
and the life of the world to come. Amen. The settlers did not know how to live in the rugged wilderness and had no experience in preparing for the harsh, bitter cold winters. They faced many hardships such as knowing little about how to hunt for game or how to plant crops on this new soil. As a result, many succumbed to malnutrition and diseases. An Average day: The life of women: Many women in rural areas were expected to work in the fields along with their husband. Women were also responsible for cooking, weaving, sewing, making soap, candles, and baskets; cleaning, caring for children and tending to chickens, geese, ducks, or other animals raised for food. I guess it is tough stuff for them. Any average day at work could in the colonial times would be hard to compare to the stuff we do now. The men would usually do the hunting and trying to support the family. It was like surviving every day for instance Why was it so hard? They had to work to survive and the communication with the shipments over was very tough because they had no long-distance communication then which means it would take forever to get some food. Clothing The wealthy people were the only types of people who could afford to buy finished clothing. Middle class and poor individuals usually had to make their own. Middle class and poor children's clothing were usually made to fit loose so that the child had room to grow in them. Wool was the main material that the poor used to make their garments. Government in the 13 colonies represented a replica/extension if you will of the English government. Courts enforced the laws of England. The Governor's Council or the Governor's Court was made of senior helpers/advisors of the governor. The General Assembly was elected by the people who were given the right to vote (enfranchised) voters. By 1750, most free men could vote. In New England, the towns had annual town meetings where all free men had a voice. Diplomatic events were handled by London, as were some trading policies. The colonies handled their own affairs (and wars) with the Native Americans, but Britain handled foreign wars with France and Spain. Here is a map of the types of governments and where they were mainly used A charter colony was formed when the British king granted a charter to a trading company. With the permission of the British King, the colony could decide on the type of government for that colony. The charter colonies were more independent than others because they had more control of the type of government they were under. Charter Royal The royal colonies were under direct supervision of the British crown. this is Arthur Dobbs one of the first royal governors of America Proprietary With proprietary colonies, the king gave land to one person. The king also gave permission to establish a government on the land. However, proprietary colonies were not as free/independent as charter colonies. If a landowner rebelled against the British crown, his land was taken away from him. This was the House of Burgesses,
the first representative government of North America. The American colonies were very good farming land. Settlers grew their own food, basically corn and wheat. They raised cattle that gave them meat, milk and butter and kept chicken and sheep. They also went hunting and fishing. The children went to school and were well educated and the economy was doing very well during these time The Southern Colonies were almost all agricultural. The main thing was the plantation, a large piece of land that covered a lot of acres of farmland and buildings in which housed the people who owned the land and also the people who worked the land. A large part of the work was African slaves, who first arrived in 1619. >African Slaves The Middle Colonies were part agriculture, and some industrial. Mainly grains grew on farms in Pennsylvania and New York. Factories in Maryland produced a good supply of iron, whereas factories in Pennsylvania produced paper and textiles. Trade with England was helpful in these colonies as well. The New England Colonies were largely farming, hunting and fishing communities. The people made their own clothing, shoes, etc. They grew much of their own food too. Crops like grains grew in larger numbers, and much of it was shipped to England. Foods that didn't grow in America were shipped from England so that America could still access those other foods and eat them during the winter. Boston was the biggest (not in size) New England port.
When children had time to play, they enjoyed the same games that their parents and grandparents had played when they were young. We still play many of these games today, like tag, hide-and-seek, and hopscotch.
These were some of there games/toys: YoYo, Puzzles, Hoops, Kite Flying, Jump Rope, London Bridge, Tennis, Spinning Tops, Hopscotch, Jacob's Ladder, Leap Frog, Bow & Arrow, Blind Man's Bluff, See Saw, Bubble-Blowing, Marbles, Swinging, Cards and even Pick-up sticks. Colonial Games & Toys The rich The wealthier people of the colonies would have quite a time with themselves when they went to any events. Because they were wealthy they could go do expensive things. For instance, they would usually go to plays such as Shakespeare, go to fancy restaurants and dine, go to Balls and dance maybe even see some early sports if they were around, and for women maybe they could get with friends and have tea. There was always many things they could do. The Middle The middle class would do the same as the upper class for their entertainment but nearly as many times. It was limited "of course" because they would not be payed as much and had nearly half the money as the rich. They still enjoyed their lives like any one person but had limited money and costs which meant less entertainment events. <a play The poor The poor would really have to earn their entertainment by trying hard. They did not own a lot so they were unable to do these kind of things. Their idea of entertainment was something like reading playing with their children; they really could not do the other stuff that the other classes of people could do because of their scarce money. That would be the best way to put it There were a lot of different ways to entertain yourself depending what class you are. <Wedding The Germans The British English Colonies "traits of culture." Ehow. Accessed January 2, 2013. http://ehow.com
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January 2, 2013. http://www.mashpedia.com. Bibliography On the right is the Nicene creed and shows most of the christian beliefs right there. I'm not sure if it is all christian beliefs but I know it is a Catholic belief the religion I am