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Transcript of Malcolm X
Who was Malcolm X?
What did he stand for?
Malcolm Little was born on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska.
He was the fourth child out of eight.
His father was a Baptist minister, which is what led him to become one, as well.
He spent most of his childhood in Lansing, Michigan.
After his father's death(he was 13), his mother suffered a psychotic breakdown and he left his siblings to be raised by a white family.
As a young child, Malcolm wanted to be a lawyer, but he was told it was too unrealistic for someone of his race.
After that, Malcolm became a different kind of child: he frequently skipped school, stole things, and committed various dangerous pranks.
He's exposed to criminal world in Boston, then gets involved in it after moving to Harlem, New York.
Little was arrested and put in jail multiple times.
In prison, Malcolm is influenced by many people to convert to the Nation of Islam (NOI, formed by Wallace Fard).
After converting to NOI, Malcolm changes his last name to "X" he felt his ancestors were lost and "X" was a white slave owner's name who had forced it upon his ancestors.
Followers of the NOI became known as Black Muslims (practiced muslim faith but also had ideas about black power and black nationalism).
After his pilgrimage to Mecca in 1964, he changed his name to El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz.
Malcolm X rejected nonviolence
He believed in separatism.
He rejected integration, and he favored segregation.
X became the leading speaker for the NOI., also known as the Nation of Islam.
Malcolm X created the Organization of African Americans (OAAU).
He also was the founder of the Muslim Mosque.
How he acted because of his beliefs
X did not get mad when the African Americans fought back against the White lynchers.
Malcolm X did not want Whites co-mingling with African Americans at all.
He wanted complete equality, but he wanted the African Americans and Whites to essentially be living in two different countries, but sharing the same land.
"Who taught you to hate yourself?"
February 21, 1965
X was scheduled to speak at the Audobon Ballroom
received an anonymous phone call in his hotel at 8:00 that morning
scheduled guest speakers all cancelled
X had invited his pregnant wife and 4 children to hear him speak
How It Happened
X greeted the audience with the Muslim greeting "As salaam alaikum" meaning "Peace be unto you"
A man yelled "Get your hand out of my pocket!"
Security guards moved towards the commotion, leaving Malcolm alone at the podium
A home-made smoke bomb went off at the back of the room
A man pulled out a shotgun and shot Malcolm X in the chest
2 other men joined him and shot Malcolm's body repeatedly
Talmadge Hayer, one of the fleeing assassins, was beaten by the crowd and then arrested
Betty, Malcolm's wife, took a piece of paper from his pocket that listed five possible suspects of his assassination
Several people attempted to revive Malcolm, to no avail
At 3:15, he was taken to the emergency room, and by 3:30, the doctors had given up
No one knows why Malcolm X was assassinated, many theories
February 1965- Malcolm X received many threatening phone calls
February 14, 1965, X's house was firebombed while they were sleeping
On the day of his assassination, he expressed a feeling that he should not go onstage for his scheduled speech
over 20,000 people payed their respects to Malcolm X
Malcolm's assassins were known to be black Muslims of Malcolm's own Nation of Islam
The only known assassin is Talmadge Hayer, but Thomas 15X Johnson and Norman 3X Butler, as they were then known, were convicted as well
The day after the assassination, several men firebombed the Harlem mosque in response to Malcolm's death
In the years following his death, there were many protests and revolts throughout the U.S.
Malcolm X was a man with strong beliefs and strong values. He made many mistakes in his life, and made many enemies, but he stood up for what he believed in. At the end of his life, he had the strength and the courage to recognize his earlier blunders and reform himself, and for this reason he is known as one of the strongest men of his time; white or black. He was a man of his words, and he truly believed...
..."A man who stands for nothing will fall for anything."