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The importance of play for young children
Transcript of The importance of play for young children
Why is play SO important for young children?
The importance of play for young children
Research shows that most kindergarten teachers now think academic instruction should begin in preschool and indicate that it's important for incoming kindergartners to already know their letters and numbers (Bassok, 2014). Because of this, the amount of time for children to play in preschool has been greatly reduced.
Play teaches children about themselves and the world around them. Through play, children learn how to communicate with others, solve problems and discover everything the world has to offer.
There are many different types of play for young children to be involved in. The type of play that children are involved in generally depends on their age. The four major types of play related to young children I chose to explore are solitary, onlooker, associative and cooperative play. These types of play are according to Mildred Parten.
Types of Play
This type of play is usually done alone or with an adult caretaker.Soitary play usually begins around 1 year of age. Toddlers learn how to play best once they've mastered playing alone first.
Onlooker play is when a child watches another child or children play but does not join in. The child is likely to show interest in playing but would rather sit and observe. The observing child will however still verbally interact and have conversation about play that is taking place.
This is where strong social interaction takes place for children and they really start getting involved in play with others. Organization of this type play is not fully developed but strengthens social development.
"Play is the work of the child" - Maria Montessori
Bassok, D., Claessens, A., & Engel, M. (2014, June 3). The Case for the New Kindergarten: Challenging and Playful. . Retrieved June 13, 2014, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2014/06/04/33bassok_ep.h33.html
Copeland, H. (2014, May 22). Child's Play. . Retrieved June 12, 2014, from http://www.tallahassee.com/story/life/chronicle/2014/05/22/childs-play/9215593/
Dean, J. (2008, July 15). 6 Types of Play: How We Learn to Work Together. . Retrieved July 12, 2014, from http://www.spring.org.uk/2008/07/6-types-of-play-how-we-learn-to-work.php
Ginsburg, K. R. The Importance Of Play In Promoting Healthy Child Development And Maintaining Strong Parent-Child Bonds. <i>Pediatrics</i>, 182-191.
Gordon, A. M., & Browne, K. W. (2013). Beginning essentials in early childhood education (2nd ed.). Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
What is play?
Play is literally defined as human activities and behaviors that are characterized by being relatively free of rules except for what participants will impose on themselves, that focuses on the activity-the doing- rather than on the end result that is controlled by the participants, and that requires interaction and involvement (Gordon, 2013).
Cooperative play involves a plan or goal for the action being carried out. this type of play generally involves much more activity. Cooperative play can be a game, a puzzle, or any organized group activity.
Play is so important to optimal child development that it has been recognized by
the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights as a right of every child. Children are growing up in such a fast paced lifestyle. This right to play that is given to every child, helps promote healthy relationships and encourages development.