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Ebooks & Public Libraries Presentation

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Transcript of Ebooks & Public Libraries Presentation

Anna O'Neal & Meghan Whyte
LIBR 580: Collections Management
January 31, 2013 Ebooks in the Public Library Increasing capabilities of technology and hardware from the late 90s has increased the appeal of ebooks for the general public

# of owners of either a tablet computer or ebook reading device such as a Kindle or Nook grew from 18% in late 2011 to 33% in late 2012 (Pew 2012)

23% of Americans ages 16 and older read an ebook in the past year, up from 16% the year before. 30% of those who read at least one book in the last 12 months read at least one ebook (Pew 2012) Demand Publishers who refuse to sell ebooks to libraries:

Hachette Book Group
Simon & Schuster Access Ebooks can be selected title by title or as part of a package

E-content distribution services such as NetLibrary, and OverDrive host content from several publishers


Demand-driven Acquisition


Indie publishers & Self-publishing Selection Random House breakdown of costs for ebooks after a 100-200% increase in March 2012:
Titles available in print as new hard covers: $65-$85.

Titles available for several months, or generally timed to paperback release:

New children’s titles available in print as hardcovers: $35-$85.

Older children’s titles and children’s paperbacks: $25-$45.

Breakdown of Costs Ebooks are displayed on a website often managed by OverDrive or another distributor

Patrons cannot browse by wandering through stacks, instead they tab through pages

This could reduce the potential of a book being picked up by a patron because of its physical appearance (cover, size) or location in the library Display Challenges Long Term Issues:
Weeding Maintenance and Preservation Demand Selection Access Display &
Retrieval Weeding
Preservation &
Maintenance Costs Increase in libraries' attempts to provide ebooks

53% of Americans ages 16 and older say libraries should “definitely do” -"offer a broader selection of e-books"(Pew 2012)

"62% of people don’t know they can borrow e-books from their library" (ALA 2012)

The share of recent library users who have borrowed an e-book from a library has increased from 3% last year to 5% this year. (Pew 2012) Demand = Rural vs. Urban 97% US urban libraries (or 40/41 surveyed) offer ebooks - Genco(2009)


Nearly 40% of all libraries don’t offer downloadable content (16% of the US population served by libraries)- Polanka (2011) US survey

Cost (small + rural libraries)
Split budget between print/electronic
Lower demand
Reluctance to serve consortium Issues publishers have with providing ebooks to libraries:

Feel as though print books, ebooks on perpetual licenses and ebooks with limited licenses all have different uses and values

Therefore, these products should be seen as a “portfolio of varied resources” and not “mutually exclusive”

Unlimited licenses are unfair to authors as they will not receive royalties even if the book has high circulation and would normally have to be replaced. HarperCollins has different ebook arrangement with libraries than the other major publishers:

In March 2011, they stopped selling ebooks to libraries with unlimited use

HarperCollins had been selling unlimited use ebooks since 2001

The new license was each ebook had a maximum of 26 loans

This only impacted the most popular titles and has no practical effect on others

Once the 26 loan limit is reached the library can repurchase access rights for a lower price In November 2011, Penguin stopped offering its new or “frontlist” ebooks to OverDrive

In February 2012, it severed its relationship with OverDrive

This stopped any new purchases, affecting both ebook and audiobooks Penguin Things to pay attention to when working with publishers/ service providers

Formats (epub, pdf, mobi, azw)

Hardware support (what your patrons are reading on)

Integration with current library platform

Ownership (will you be able to transfer books purchased on one platform to another?)

Ease of book borrowing process

Privacy ReadersFirst Initiative Search a single catalogue
Interact with a single website
Content, devices and apps from any provider or from multiple providers, without restrictive bundling.
Ebooks that are compatible with all readers Thumbnail images of covers

Browsing based on genre

Browsing the whole collection

Browsing only books that are available for checkout

Easy navigation buttons back to previous screens if a patron opens a link for a specific book Display Challenge: Solutions Some Issues

Device compatibility

Certain ereaders are not compatible with library books

Patrons lack the necessary technology (computer, ereader)

Difficulty downloading ebooks

Some patrons may want to use ebooks but lack the technical knowledge to do so

Availability of popular titles

Retrieval and Circulation Wilson (2004) discusses some practical guidelines for weeding to maintain a responsive e-book collection; detailing several factors contributing to the usage:

Physical condition is not a concern

Datedness of material

Digital shelf space Lack of storage requirements

Repair and replacement costs

Reduced staff time for physical handling and processing of print books

Reduced staff time spent on following up on overdues and lost books “Victoria University Melbourne ... estimat[ed] that shifting from print to entirely electronic holdings would save a $350,000 annually in salaries to reshelving personnel at its 12 libraries.”
-Springer ebook white paper Gains
How long will that format remain current?

Is there a preservation plan in place for digital materials?

DRM locks on content

If you need to reformat content will you have to buy a new copy?

Duel print and digital collections

Born digital content Digital Preservation References American Library Association [ALA]. (2012). State of America’s Libraries Report 2012: New Focus on Ebooks. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/news/mediapresscenter/americaslibraries/soal2012/new-focus-on-ebooks
Behler, A. (2011). E-Book Task Force Tip Sheets: Collection Development for E-Books. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/offices/sites/ala.org.offices/files/content/oitp/ebook_collection_dev.pdf
Clark, L. (2012). Backgrounder: Pew Research Center’s “Libraries, Patrons, and E-books”. Retrieved from http://connect.ala.org/files/94226/pew%20backgrounder_7.3.12.pdf
Cushing, T. (2012). Hachette Hits Libraries with 220% Price Increase on its Ebooks. techdirt. Retrieved from http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20120914/12211320384/hachette-hits-libraries-with-220-price-increase-its-ebooks.shtml
Galletly, B. (2012). E-Book Library Lending Rises, Publishing Industry Grapples With Change. Digital Book World. Retrieved from http://www.digitalbookworld.com/2012/e-book-library-lending-rises-publishing-industry-grapples-with-change/
Genco, B. (2009). It’s been geometric! Documenting the growth and acceptance of ebooks in America’s urban public libraries. IFLA, Milan.
Johnson, S., Evensen, O. G., Gelfand, J., Lammers, G., Sipe, L., Zilper, N. (2012) Key Issues for E-Resource Collection Development: A Guide for Libraries. International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions. Retrieved from http://www.ifla.org/publications/key-issues-for-e-resource-collection-development-a-guide-for-libraries
June, L. (2012). Penguin kills library ebook lending deal with OverDrive. The Verge. Retrieved from http://www.theverge.com/2012/2/13/2795791/penguin-kills-library-ebook-lending-deal-with-overdrive
Kelley, M. (2012). Random House Reaffirms Commitment to Library Ebook Lending While Raising Prices to Wholesalers. The Digital Shift. Retrieved from http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/02/ebooks/random-house-reaffirms-commitment-to-library-ebook-lending-while-raising-prices-to-wholesalers/
Kelley, M. (2012). Top Libraries in U.S. and Canada Issue Statement Demanding Better Ebook Services. The Digital Shift. Retrieved from http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/06/ebooks/top-libraries-in-u-s-and-canada-issue-statement-demanding-better-ebook-services/
Liblicense: Licensing digital content a resource for librarians. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://liblicense.crl.edu/
LicensingModels.org. (n.d.). Public Library License. Retrieved from http://www.licensingmodels.org/PublicLibrariesLicense.html
Martin, K. E.,& Mundle, K. (2010). Cataloging E-Books and Vendor Records. Library Resources & Technical Services, 54(4), 227-237.
Miller, C., Purcell, K., & Rainie, L. (2012). Reading Habits in Different Communities. Retrieved from http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2012/12/20/reading-habits-in-different-communities/
Moody, G. (2012). (2012). If Libraries Didn’t Exist, Would Publishers Be Trying To Kill Book Lending? techdirt. Retrieved from http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20111230/07161417236/if-libraries-didnt-exist-would-publishers-be-trying-to-kill-book-lending.shtml
National Network of Libraries of Medicine/MidContinental Region [NN/LM-MCR]. (2012). Licensing Electronic Resources and Licensing Classes. Retrieved from http://nnlm.gov/mcr/rsdd/elicensing/index.html
Polanka, S. (Ed). No Shelf Required 2. (2012). Chicago : American Library Association.
Polanka, S. (2012). A Primer on Ebooks for Libraries Just Starting with Downloadable Media. The Digital Shift. Retrieved from http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/04/ebooks/an-ebook-primer-many-small-libraries-are-still-just-getting-started-with-ebooks-heres-a-helpful-guide-on-those-first-steps/
Polanka, S. (Ed). No Shelf Required (2010). Chicago : American Library Association
Price, G. (2012). OverDrive to Library Customers: Hachette is Raising E-Book Prices an Average of 220% on Over 3500 Titles. Library Journal. Retrieved from http://www.infodocket.com/2012/09/13/overdrive-to-customers-hachette-is-raising-e-book-prices-an-average-of-220-on-over-3500-titles/
Rainie, L. & Duggan, M. (2012). E-book Reading Jumps; Print Book Reading Declines. Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved from http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2012/12/27/e-book-reading-jumps-print-book-reading-declines/
Wilson, P. (2004) Weeding the E-Book Collection. Public Libraries, 43(3), 158-159. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?sid=35e0c024-344e-4e59-9e1e-4640842496be%40sessionmgr113&vid=1&hid=123&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=llf&AN=502928426
Zickuhr, K., Rainie, L., Purcell, K. Madden, M. & Brenner, J. (2012). Libraries, patrons, and e-books. Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved from http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2012/06/22/libraries-patrons-and-e-books/ Environment: What do you think?
Are these arguments valid? Are there any other ways you can think of for libraries to increase the searchability and browsability of their ebook collections? Other reasons for wanting to withdraw material from a public library? Weeding Publishers' Issues HarperCollins Standards Epub

SERU (Standard E-Resource Understanding)

Metadata to allow description + search (MET, EDI, TEI, ONIX)

ISBN (traditionally set by publishers)

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) "digital object containing an electronic representation of a book" - Johnson, p106

"E-Book - Electronic book - A book provided in a digital format for checkout or use via an Internet browser, a computer, or another electronic device like an E-Book Reader." - IFLA Definitions and History The largest distributor of ebooks to libraries

Works with approximately 7500 public libraries in the US

It provides ebook titles to public and academic libraries.

It has over 1 million titles

What is OverDrive? Other distributors of ebooks include:

3M -– public libraries

Ingram –- public libraries

Ebook Library –- academic/scholarly text

Ebrary - academic/scholarly text
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