Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
Ebooks & Public Libraries Presentation
Transcript of Ebooks & Public Libraries Presentation
LIBR 580: Collections Management
January 31, 2013 Ebooks in the Public Library Increasing capabilities of technology and hardware from the late 90s has increased the appeal of ebooks for the general public
# of owners of either a tablet computer or ebook reading device such as a Kindle or Nook grew from 18% in late 2011 to 33% in late 2012 (Pew 2012)
23% of Americans ages 16 and older read an ebook in the past year, up from 16% the year before. 30% of those who read at least one book in the last 12 months read at least one ebook (Pew 2012) Demand Publishers who refuse to sell ebooks to libraries:
Hachette Book Group
Simon & Schuster Access Ebooks can be selected title by title or as part of a package
E-content distribution services such as NetLibrary, and OverDrive host content from several publishers
Indie publishers & Self-publishing Selection Random House breakdown of costs for ebooks after a 100-200% increase in March 2012:
Titles available in print as new hard covers: $65-$85.
Titles available for several months, or generally timed to paperback release:
New children’s titles available in print as hardcovers: $35-$85.
Older children’s titles and children’s paperbacks: $25-$45.
Breakdown of Costs Ebooks are displayed on a website often managed by OverDrive or another distributor
Patrons cannot browse by wandering through stacks, instead they tab through pages
This could reduce the potential of a book being picked up by a patron because of its physical appearance (cover, size) or location in the library Display Challenges Long Term Issues:
Weeding Maintenance and Preservation Demand Selection Access Display &
Maintenance Costs Increase in libraries' attempts to provide ebooks
53% of Americans ages 16 and older say libraries should “definitely do” -"offer a broader selection of e-books"(Pew 2012)
"62% of people don’t know they can borrow e-books from their library" (ALA 2012)
The share of recent library users who have borrowed an e-book from a library has increased from 3% last year to 5% this year. (Pew 2012) Demand = Rural vs. Urban 97% US urban libraries (or 40/41 surveyed) offer ebooks - Genco(2009)
Nearly 40% of all libraries don’t offer downloadable content (16% of the US population served by libraries)- Polanka (2011) US survey
Cost (small + rural libraries)
Split budget between print/electronic
Reluctance to serve consortium Issues publishers have with providing ebooks to libraries:
Feel as though print books, ebooks on perpetual licenses and ebooks with limited licenses all have different uses and values
Therefore, these products should be seen as a “portfolio of varied resources” and not “mutually exclusive”
Unlimited licenses are unfair to authors as they will not receive royalties even if the book has high circulation and would normally have to be replaced. HarperCollins has different ebook arrangement with libraries than the other major publishers:
In March 2011, they stopped selling ebooks to libraries with unlimited use
HarperCollins had been selling unlimited use ebooks since 2001
The new license was each ebook had a maximum of 26 loans
This only impacted the most popular titles and has no practical effect on others
Once the 26 loan limit is reached the library can repurchase access rights for a lower price In November 2011, Penguin stopped offering its new or “frontlist” ebooks to OverDrive
In February 2012, it severed its relationship with OverDrive
This stopped any new purchases, affecting both ebook and audiobooks Penguin Things to pay attention to when working with publishers/ service providers
Formats (epub, pdf, mobi, azw)
Hardware support (what your patrons are reading on)
Integration with current library platform
Ownership (will you be able to transfer books purchased on one platform to another?)
Ease of book borrowing process
Privacy ReadersFirst Initiative Search a single catalogue
Interact with a single website
Content, devices and apps from any provider or from multiple providers, without restrictive bundling.
Ebooks that are compatible with all readers Thumbnail images of covers
Browsing based on genre
Browsing the whole collection
Browsing only books that are available for checkout
Easy navigation buttons back to previous screens if a patron opens a link for a specific book Display Challenge: Solutions Some Issues
Certain ereaders are not compatible with library books
Patrons lack the necessary technology (computer, ereader)
Difficulty downloading ebooks
Some patrons may want to use ebooks but lack the technical knowledge to do so
Availability of popular titles
Retrieval and Circulation Wilson (2004) discusses some practical guidelines for weeding to maintain a responsive e-book collection; detailing several factors contributing to the usage:
Physical condition is not a concern
Datedness of material
Digital shelf space Lack of storage requirements
Repair and replacement costs
Reduced staff time for physical handling and processing of print books
Reduced staff time spent on following up on overdues and lost books “Victoria University Melbourne ... estimat[ed] that shifting from print to entirely electronic holdings would save a $350,000 annually in salaries to reshelving personnel at its 12 libraries.”
-Springer ebook white paper Gains
How long will that format remain current?
Is there a preservation plan in place for digital materials?
DRM locks on content
If you need to reformat content will you have to buy a new copy?
Duel print and digital collections
Born digital content Digital Preservation References American Library Association [ALA]. (2012). State of America’s Libraries Report 2012: New Focus on Ebooks. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/news/mediapresscenter/americaslibraries/soal2012/new-focus-on-ebooks
Behler, A. (2011). E-Book Task Force Tip Sheets: Collection Development for E-Books. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/offices/sites/ala.org.offices/files/content/oitp/ebook_collection_dev.pdf
Clark, L. (2012). Backgrounder: Pew Research Center’s “Libraries, Patrons, and E-books”. Retrieved from http://connect.ala.org/files/94226/pew%20backgrounder_7.3.12.pdf
Cushing, T. (2012). Hachette Hits Libraries with 220% Price Increase on its Ebooks. techdirt. Retrieved from http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20120914/12211320384/hachette-hits-libraries-with-220-price-increase-its-ebooks.shtml
Galletly, B. (2012). E-Book Library Lending Rises, Publishing Industry Grapples With Change. Digital Book World. Retrieved from http://www.digitalbookworld.com/2012/e-book-library-lending-rises-publishing-industry-grapples-with-change/
Genco, B. (2009). It’s been geometric! Documenting the growth and acceptance of ebooks in America’s urban public libraries. IFLA, Milan.
Johnson, S., Evensen, O. G., Gelfand, J., Lammers, G., Sipe, L., Zilper, N. (2012) Key Issues for E-Resource Collection Development: A Guide for Libraries. International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions. Retrieved from http://www.ifla.org/publications/key-issues-for-e-resource-collection-development-a-guide-for-libraries
June, L. (2012). Penguin kills library ebook lending deal with OverDrive. The Verge. Retrieved from http://www.theverge.com/2012/2/13/2795791/penguin-kills-library-ebook-lending-deal-with-overdrive
Kelley, M. (2012). Random House Reaffirms Commitment to Library Ebook Lending While Raising Prices to Wholesalers. The Digital Shift. Retrieved from http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/02/ebooks/random-house-reaffirms-commitment-to-library-ebook-lending-while-raising-prices-to-wholesalers/
Kelley, M. (2012). Top Libraries in U.S. and Canada Issue Statement Demanding Better Ebook Services. The Digital Shift. Retrieved from http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/06/ebooks/top-libraries-in-u-s-and-canada-issue-statement-demanding-better-ebook-services/
Liblicense: Licensing digital content a resource for librarians. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://liblicense.crl.edu/
LicensingModels.org. (n.d.). Public Library License. Retrieved from http://www.licensingmodels.org/PublicLibrariesLicense.html
Martin, K. E.,& Mundle, K. (2010). Cataloging E-Books and Vendor Records. Library Resources & Technical Services, 54(4), 227-237.
Miller, C., Purcell, K., & Rainie, L. (2012). Reading Habits in Different Communities. Retrieved from http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2012/12/20/reading-habits-in-different-communities/
Moody, G. (2012). (2012). If Libraries Didn’t Exist, Would Publishers Be Trying To Kill Book Lending? techdirt. Retrieved from http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20111230/07161417236/if-libraries-didnt-exist-would-publishers-be-trying-to-kill-book-lending.shtml
National Network of Libraries of Medicine/MidContinental Region [NN/LM-MCR]. (2012). Licensing Electronic Resources and Licensing Classes. Retrieved from http://nnlm.gov/mcr/rsdd/elicensing/index.html
Polanka, S. (Ed). No Shelf Required 2. (2012). Chicago : American Library Association.
Polanka, S. (2012). A Primer on Ebooks for Libraries Just Starting with Downloadable Media. The Digital Shift. Retrieved from http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/04/ebooks/an-ebook-primer-many-small-libraries-are-still-just-getting-started-with-ebooks-heres-a-helpful-guide-on-those-first-steps/
Polanka, S. (Ed). No Shelf Required (2010). Chicago : American Library Association
Price, G. (2012). OverDrive to Library Customers: Hachette is Raising E-Book Prices an Average of 220% on Over 3500 Titles. Library Journal. Retrieved from http://www.infodocket.com/2012/09/13/overdrive-to-customers-hachette-is-raising-e-book-prices-an-average-of-220-on-over-3500-titles/
Rainie, L. & Duggan, M. (2012). E-book Reading Jumps; Print Book Reading Declines. Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved from http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2012/12/27/e-book-reading-jumps-print-book-reading-declines/
Wilson, P. (2004) Weeding the E-Book Collection. Public Libraries, 43(3), 158-159. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?sid=35e0c024-344e-4e59-9e1e-4640842496be%40sessionmgr113&vid=1&hid=123&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=llf&AN=502928426
Zickuhr, K., Rainie, L., Purcell, K. Madden, M. & Brenner, J. (2012). Libraries, patrons, and e-books. Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved from http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2012/06/22/libraries-patrons-and-e-books/ Environment: What do you think?
Are these arguments valid? Are there any other ways you can think of for libraries to increase the searchability and browsability of their ebook collections? Other reasons for wanting to withdraw material from a public library? Weeding Publishers' Issues HarperCollins Standards Epub
SERU (Standard E-Resource Understanding)
Metadata to allow description + search (MET, EDI, TEI, ONIX)
ISBN (traditionally set by publishers)
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) "digital object containing an electronic representation of a book" - Johnson, p106
"E-Book - Electronic book - A book provided in a digital format for checkout or use via an Internet browser, a computer, or another electronic device like an E-Book Reader." - IFLA Definitions and History The largest distributor of ebooks to libraries
Works with approximately 7500 public libraries in the US
It provides ebook titles to public and academic libraries.
It has over 1 million titles
What is OverDrive? Other distributors of ebooks include:
3M -– public libraries
Ingram –- public libraries
Ebook Library –- academic/scholarly text
Ebrary - academic/scholarly text