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Basic structure of politics and society in the Elizabethan Age

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by

Inês Lopes

on 16 September 2015

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Transcript of Basic structure of politics and society in the Elizabethan Age

The Monarch
Elizabethan Government
National bodies
Courts
judicial system
Nobility
Lower Class- The Labourers
Gentry- "high born"
fortune was so great that they did not have to work
started as knights and could build up wealth and title through generations and marriages
either Lords of a Manor or freeholders who lived of rent of their tenants
Basic structure of politics and society
Vagabonds and Rogues
Able Bodied Poor
Helpless Poor
cut-purses
beggars
thieves
"Counterfeit Crank"
Middle Class- Merchants and Yeomanry
Merchants
Yeomanry
though still peasants
lived comfortably but could rapidly lose everything
could possess same wealth as a gentry but spent it differently
religious and could read and write
Local government
Courts
Farmers
Tradesmen
Craftworkers
Duke/Duchess
Marquis/Marchioness
Earl/Countess
Viscount/Viscountess
Baron/Baroness
1
2
3
4
5
?
3% of population
very rich and powerful
a threat to the monarch
became one by birthright or recognition by a Monarch
split between two religions- Catholic(old) and Protestant(new)
could lose fortune but very rarely their title
Quarter Sessions Courts
Four times a year
Petty Sessions Courts, Manor Courts and town courts
Less important crimes
Purely determined by bloodline
God's representation on Earth
Typically: eldest child takes the throne
6th and last ruler of Tudor
Ruled for ... years
Great Sessions/ the Assizes
Twice a year
Famous for its power to inflict harsh punishments
Star Chamber
Court in which the nobel were trialed
Punishments
Peddlers and Trinkers
Servants
Soldiers
Women
High treason -> death penalty
Often handed by the queen
Hanging
Dragged facing down through the streets
Hacked into four pieces
Remains displayed in public
Pillory, The Brank, The ducking Stool, Burning, The Wheel, The Drunkards Cloak
Grey areas
Priests
patriarchal system
status was something that men had
focused on household management and domestic chores
Queen Elizabeth I. started to contradict many of the gender rules of that age
Local Governments
Justice of the Peace, Sheriffs and lords Lieutenant
Ensured that the laws where obeyed

Regional governments
Helped oversee parts of England




Each city and town had its own government and a mayor as well
Council of the Northern -> Northern England
Council of the Marches -> Wales and some border countries
Queen Elizabeth the first
National Bodies
Privy Council
Parliament
Privy Council
Group of advisers
Gave different opinions to help monarch with decisions, although Queen Elizabeth never let herself be guided by them
Dealt with
Religion, military, economics, queen security, welfare of the citizens
The Monarch had veto power over this Council
The Monarch could choose the advisers, BUT some noblemen had to be part of it to represent their realms interests
The number of members dropped from 50 to 11 during Elizabeth's reign
The meetings went from taking place three times a week to almos every day
Parliament
Less power as there were no prime minister nor cabinets
Financial matters
Monarch decided when Parliament would come together
During Queen Elizabeth's reign only ... times, ... of each to ask for money
House of Lords -> Nobility, higher clergy
House of Common -> Common people
-> Restricted Elections only for this House
Government very diverse -> Depending on the personality of the monarch
Ultimate decider -> War, education, Parliament, food and clothes
"Demigod" -> Going against the monarch = sin
All laws required her consent
Monarch could be brought to court
Queen ruled for 45 years -> One of the best monarchs
-> Wise and just
William Cecil -> Chied advisor
National bodies
Manchester
Irland
Full transcript