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All The Pretty Horses
Transcript of All The Pretty Horses
.La Purisima Chihuaha Mexico .Blood: Blood symbolizes the cost John Grady Cole pays for everything he loves. There are three things John Grady loves that he pays for in blood Alejandra, horses, and his life.
. Symbols By: Rachel Verdeja & Japhet Garcia Setting Plot Conflict . Themes Sunset: Sun set symbolizes the end of his childhood in the beginning of the book and the end of his journey and the start of a new one at the end of the book. Religion: Religion is important because it symbolizes not only the journey Grady is undertaking, but also his attempt to define life and the world around him. Horses:Horses are very important in this book. They are what keep Grady going in life, and they also define him as a person. The first conflict is when the lawyer tells john he cant obtain the ranch due to his young age. So its going to have to sell because of his fathers death. John Grady gets taken with rawlins by mexican soldiers from the friendly family they were staying with. They get sent to a cruel prison in Saltillo Mexico were they spend there first days in continuous fights for survival. John is badly wounded in his fight in prison and is scarred. Saltillo Mexico :D Bleviens also gets killed. REFERENCES CHARACTERS: Our best insight into John Grady's character often comes in his conversations with foreigners - Rocha, Alfonsa, el capitan. During the course of these exchanges, he reveals himself to be great believer in the divide between good and evil, between right and wrong. He might listen to Alfonsa's tragic history or the captain's rationalization for blackmail, but it will not change his own views or his own behavior. His conscience is guided by the righteous and romantic. And though this inclination makes him a particularly 'moral' hero, it is also one that leaves him disillusioned at the end of the novel and regrettably hardened. Internal Conflict John Grady feels abandoned by his mother because she sold the ranch and thus took away the life he wanted to lead. When he is thrown into a Mexican prison, he is told that he can be let out if he sends for funds from a relative in the states. Though we know he has such a relative available, he never seems to consider asking his mother. As a result, he ends up fighting for his life, externalizing his internal feelings of betrayal. Sacred violence
Coming of Age
Competing Moral Codes
Gender The story begins shortly after the death of John Grady's grandfather, when Grady learns that the ranch is to be sold. He chooses to leave along with his best friend Lacey Rawlins to travel to Mexico in hopes of working as cowboys. They encounter a young man named Jimmy Blevins. After Blevins' horse and pistol are found taken by a Mexican, Blevins persuades John and Rawlins to go to the nearest town to find the horse and pistol. However, as they ride back they are pursued and Blevins separates from Rawlins and John. As they traveled farther south they find employment at a large ranch where John Grady first encounters the ranch owner's daughter, Alejandra. In the meantime Blevins works for a short time and then returns to the village where he retrieves his horse and piston. In the process of getting the pistol, he shoots and kills a man. The Mexican authorities catch Blevins and then find Rawlins and John Grady at the other ranch. At first, the ranch owner protects Rawlins and John Grady; but when he finds out about John Grady's affair with his daughter, he turns them over to the authorities. Blevins is executed and Rawlins and John Grady are placed in a Mexican prison. The prison mafia first test the two boys: Grady is wounded while defending himself from a cuchillero, whom he manages to kill. Alejandra's aunt is contacted by the prison thugs who manage to negotiate with her his ransom. The condition set by the aunt is that her niece Alejandra undertake never to see John Grady again. The boys are released. Rawlins goes back to the United States and John Grady tries to see Alejandra again. In the end, after a brief encounter, Alejandra decides that she must keep her promise to her family and refuses John Grady's marriage proposal. John Grady, on his way back to the Texas, kidnaps the captain at gunpoint, forces him to recover the stolen horses and guns, and flees across country. He considers killing the captain, but a group of Mexicans find John Grady and the captain and take the captain as a prisoner. John Grady eventually returns to Texas and attempts to find the owner of Blevins' horse. John Grady briefly reunites with Rawlins to return his horse and learns that his own father has died. The main character, sixteen years of age. We don't know about his appearance until the end of the book emphasizing the scars on his chest and face. He lives his life according to a strict code. Loves horses more than anything including the cowboy lifestyle which is what drives him toward Mexico. Lacey Rawlins- John Grady's companion and best friend. Accompanies John to Mexico. Seventeen years of age and is louder but less intelligent and less skilled than John. Rawlins does not abide by the same strict code as John. However, while the two were in jail Rawlins demonstrates loyalty to his friend but returns to Texas afterwards. Jimmy Blevins- A thirteen-year-old runaway who follows John Grady Cole and Rawlins to Mexico. His real name, which is not Blevins, is never revealed. He is hypersensitive to mockery and insult, anything impinging on his dignity. This sensitivity led him to run away from his abusive stepfather, and it also leads to his death: he returns to reclaim his stolen horse and gun, and is captured and eventually executed by the cruel captain. continued... Alejandra- Daughter of Don Hector, rich ranch owner in Mexico in which John and Rawlins work. She has dark- haired, blue-eyed, pale and thin. There is always an attitude of sorrow about her, of tragedy waiting to happen. Alejandra and Cole fall in love and start an affair. The discovery of the affair results in Don Hector turning Cole in to the Mexican police. When Cole returns from jail he spends one more passionate, tragic day with Alejandra: but she cannot bring herself to abandon her family and follow him to America. She has been manipulated by her cynical great-aunt, Alfonsa. CHARACTERS: Don Hector- Don Hector Rocha y Villareal is the owner of the hacienda, or ranch, where John Grady Cole and Rawlins find work. Don Hector is intelligent and cultured, seeming both practical and kind. He is impressed by Cole, and promotes him to the position of breeder. But when he discovers that Cole has been having an illicit affair with his daughter Don Hector is unforgiving, turning them over to the lawless Mexican police. Alfonsa- Alfonsa is Alejandra's grandaunt. She lives at the ranch of her nephew, Don Hector. Alfonsa had an aristocratic upbringing and a cosmopolitan, European education. In her youth she was what she calls a "freethinker," allied with the forces that would bring about the Mexican civil war on behalf of the oppressed and poverty-stricken working class. She fell in love with one of the revolutionary leaders, but was prevented from marrying him by her disapproving family. Her personal sorrows, instead of making her more sensitive, have made her cynical and manipulative. It is she who pays the bribe to get Cole and Rawlins out of jail, but at the price of making Alejandra swear never to see Cole again. The Captain- The corrupt lawman in the town of Encantada. The captain is the man who wrongly accuses Cole and Rawlins of being outlaws, and tortures Rawlins to confess to crimes he did not commit. Later, after accepting a bribe from a relative of the man Blevins killed, the captain murders Blevins. When Cole returns after being released from prison, he takes the captain as his hostage. The captain exemplifies the corruption and cruelty rampant in this lawless part of Mexico. The setting in the novel is very important because it is what sets the rustic, romantic western feeling. Irony The irony of All the Pretty Horses is that it exposes characters desperately trying to inhabit the cowboy myth to subscribe to the "cowboy code" in a savage and uncivilized land. What emerges is a picture of what the West might really have been, along with a picture of the human spirit under a great deal of moral pressure. http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/allthepretty/context.html McCarthy, Cormac. All the Pretty Horses. New York: Knopf, 1992. Print. Quotes "Scars have the strange power to remind us that our past is real. The events that cause them can never be forgotten." Pg.135 When horrible things happen, the scars or consequences make sure we never forget them. Alfonsa wants John Grady to understand that you can't take the past back. She is saying this because of Alejandra's reputation. Once broken it is extremely hard to be fixed. "Ever dumb thing I ever done in my life there was a decision I made before that got me into it. It was never the dumb thing. It was always some choice I'd made before it." Pg.79 Our decisions affect us greatly, and not always in the ways we would expect. You have to think hard about what you’re doing with you’re life, because you never know what might happen. “Some things in this world cant be helped.” Pg. 18 Like Grady, we must understand that some things are just never going to change. We have to take things into our own hands and make hard decisions. Running away did not make him a coward. He is taking a huge risk by putting his life in his own hands, and growing up.