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The Road to Results
Transcript of The Road to Results
Effective Development Evaluations The Road to Results “An assessment, as systematic and objective as possible, of a planned, on-going, or completed intervention.” Diarrhea is the leading cause of infant and child death in Pakistan. Appropriately, the development of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) programs has become a major priority of the Pakistan Ministry of Health and of international funding agencies. Anna Hubáčková
Evaluation The purpose of any evaluation is to provide information to decision makers to enable better decisions about projects, programs, or policies. Purpose of Evaluation:
an ‘ethical’ purpose: to report to political leaders and citizens on how a policy or program has been implemented and the results achieved
a ‘decisional’ purpose: to pave the way for decisions on the continuation, termination, or reshaping of a policy or program
an ‘educative and motivational’ purpose: to help in educating and motivating public agencies and their partners and identify themselves with their objectives Purposes of evaluation to:
obtain social betterment
compliance ensure accountability
transparency build and share knowledge
manage it further organizational improvement
determine project, program, and/or policy relevance, implementation, efficiency, effectiveness, impact, and sustainability Evaluation can be used to:
help analyze why intended results were or were not achieved
explore why there may have been unintended results or consequences
assess how and why results were affected by specific activities Can be evaluated:
Projects: a single intervention in one location or a single project implemented in several locations.
Programs: an intervention comprising various activities or projects, which are intended to contribute to a common goal.
Policies: evaluations of the standards, guidelines or rules set up by an organization to regulate development decisions
Organizations: multiple intervention programs delivered by an organization.
Sectors: evaluations of interventions across a specific policy arena, such as education, forestry, agriculture, and health.
Themes: evaluations of particular issues, often cross- cutting, such as gender equity or global public goods.
Country assistance: evaluations of country progress relative to a plan, the overall effect of aid, and lessons learned.
Benefits of Evaluation:
an evaluation might answer questions such as:
What are the impacts of the intervention?
Is the specific intervention working as planned?
Are there differences across sites in how the program is performing?
Who is benefiting from this intervention? In summary, evaluations can be useful in focusing on:
the broad political strategy and design issues (“Are we doing the right things?”)
operational and implementation issues (“Are we doing things right?”)
whether there are better ways of approaching the problem (“What are we learning?”) Monitoring Monitoring is a continuing function that uses systematic collection of data on specified indicators to provide management and the main stakeholders of an ongoing development intervention with indications of the extent of progress and achievement of objectives and progress in the use of allocated funds
In other words, monitoring is a routine, ongoing, and internal activity. It is used to collect information on a program’s activities, outputs, and outcomes in order to measure the performance of the program Evaluations are generally conducted to answer the “why” question behind the monitoring of data. For example, why caesarean sections are up in five hospitals or why three of 50 sites have particularly high survival rates for premature babies. Evaluations are also needed to attribute results to a specific intervention rather than to other possible causes.
Both monitoring and evaluation measure and assess performance, but they do this in different ways and at different timesMonitoring takes place throughout program or project implementation.
Monitoring is an internal activity carried out by project staff and it is generally the project management’s responsibility to see that it happens and that the results are used. On the other hand, evaluation can be carried out internally or externally and it is the responsibility of the evaluator together with program staff members Summary Evaluations can be used for four purposes: ethical, managerial, decisional, and educating and motivational.
Evaluation can provide information on strategy (are the right things being done?), operations (are thing being done right?), and learning (are there better ways?).
Monitoring is a routine, ongoing, and internal activity used to collect information on an intervention. Both monitoring and evaluation measure and assess performance, however they do it in different ways.
Evaluation can be conducted using internal evaluation, external evaluation, and/or participatory evaluation. If you do not measure results, you cannot tell success from failure.
If you cannot see success, you cannot reward it.
If you cannot reward success, you are probably rewarding failure.
If you cannot see success, you cannot learn from it.
If you cannot recognize failure, you cannot correct it.
If you can demonstrate results, you can win public support Building a Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation System Definition of Results-based Monitoring: Results-based monitoring (what we call “monitoring”) is a continuous process of collecting and analyzing information on key indicators, and comparing actual results to expected results in order to measure how well a project, program or policy is being implemented Definition of Results-based Evaluation: Results-based evaluation is an assessment of a planned, ongoing, or completed intervention to determine its relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact, and sustainability. The intention is to provide information that is credible and useful, enabling incorporation of lessons learned into the decision making process of recipients Traditional M&E focuses on the monitoring and evaluation of inputs, activities, and outputs (i.e., on project or program implementation)
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