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E3: Christmas Stories

American Christmas Literature from 1850-1916
by

john meehan

on 3 January 2013

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Transcript of E3: Christmas Stories

American Christmas Stories Francis Pharcellus Church 1897 - "Yes, Virginia,
There is a Santa Claus" Mark Twain c. 1878 - "Letter from Santa Claus" Washington Irving 1809 - "Knickerbocker's History of New York"
1820 - "The Sketch Book" 1864 - "I Heard the Bells on Christmas Day" Henry Wadsworth Longfellow O. Henry 1906 - "The Gift of the Magi" (a.k.a. William Sidney Porter) (a.k.a. Samuel Langhorn Clemens) Louisa May Alcott 1868 - "Little Women" 1809-1906 L. Frank Baum 1904 - "A Kidnapped Santa Claus" Thursday, Dec. 13: Friday, Dec. 14: Monday, Dec. 17: Tuesday, Dec. 18: Wednesday, Dec. 19: Clement C. Moore 1823 - "A Visit from St. Nicholas" Washington Irving 1809 - "Knickerbocker's History of New York"
1820 - "The Sketch Book" Clement C. Moore 1823 - "A Visit from St. Nicholas"
(a.k.a. "Twas the Night Before Christmas") Other Notable Works: "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" (1817)
"Rip Van Winkle" (1819) Christmas Works: Widely credited with popularizing Christmas celebrations in the USA Was a major influence on Charles Dickens "A Christmas Carol" (1843). Christmas Works: Was a professor of language at Columbia College (now Columbia University) in New York City. Publishes the poem anonymously. First time St. Nicholas is depicted as the modern day "Santa Claus." The American Civil War:
April 12, 1861 - May 9, 1865 Gold Frankincense Myrhh gift the perfect gift for a... used for religious ceremonies perfume (used especially for things that are dead/dying) money, wealth O. Henry 1906 - "The Gift of the Magi" (a.k.a. William Sidney Porter) L. Frank Baum 1904 - "A Kidnapped Santa Claus" Francis Pharcellus Church 1897 - "Yes, Virginia,
There is a Santa Claus" Mark Twain c. 1878 - "Letter from Santa Claus" (a.k.a. Samuel Langhorn Clemens) 1864 - "I Heard the Bells on Christmas Day" Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Louisa May Alcott 1868 - "Little Women" "Paul Revere's Ride" (1860) Romanticism "Fireside poets" Five Massachusetts poets famous for their regular verse, rhyme, and meter which made their poems easy to memorize and recite around the fireside. A movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century. It emphasized inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual. I heard the bells on Christmas Day
Their old, familiar carols play,
And wild and sweet
The words repeat
Of peace on earth, good-will to men! Then pealed the bells more loud and deep:
"God is not dead; nor doth he sleep!
The Wrong shall fail,
The Right prevail,
With peace on earth, good-will to men!" I Heard the Bells on Christmas Day by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1864) Till, ringing, singing on its way,
The world revolved from night to day,
A voice, a chime,
A chant sublime
Of peace on earth, good-will to men! Then from each black, accursed mouth
The cannon thundered in the South,
And with the sound
The carols drowned
Of peace on earth, good-will to men! And thought how, as the day had come,
The belfries of all Christendom
Had rolled along
The unbroken song
Of peace on earth, good-will to men! It was as if an earthquake rent
The hearth-stones of a continent,
And made forlorn
The households born
Of peace on earth, good-will to men! And in despair I bowed my head;
"There is no peace on earth," I said:
"For hate is strong,
And mocks the song
Of peace on earth, good-will to men!" DIDACTIC literature 1678 - "Pilgrim's Progress"
by John Bunyan writings explicitly designed to teach proper behavior and moral lessons. Heavily influenced by religious messages. Second eldest of four sisters 1871 - "Little Men" Both hailed AND hated by feminist critics 1900 - "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" Warm-Up: What is your most PRIZED POSESSION?

(Note: for today's writing assignment, you must write about a tangible, physical item.) IRONIC TWISTS Short stories with The offerings of the wise men: the flight into Egypt: the massacre of the Innocents.

[1] When Jesus therefore was born in Bethlehem of Juda, in the days of king Herod, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem. [2] Saying, Where is he that is born king of the Jews? For we have seen his star in the east, and are come to adore him. [3] And king Herod hearing this, was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. [4] And assembling together all the chief priests and the scribes of the people, he inquired of them where Christ should be born. [5] But they said to him: In Bethlehem of Juda. For so it is written by the prophet:

[6] And thou Bethlehem the land of Juda art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come forth the captain that shall rule my people Israel. [7] Then Herod, privately calling the wise men, learned diligently of them the time of the star which appeared to them; [8] And sending them into Bethlehem, said: Go and diligently inquire after the child, and when you have found him, bring me word again, that I also may come to adore him. [9] Who having heard the king, went their way; and behold the star which they had seen in the east, went before them, until it came and stood over where the child was. [10] And seeing the star they rejoiced with exceeding great joy.

[11] And entering into the house, they found the child with Mary his mother, and falling down they adored him; and opening their treasures, they offered him gifts; gold, frankincense, and myrrh. Matthew 2:1-11
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