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Jainism

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on 17 December 2013

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Transcript of Jainism

Jainism
By Kyle Straube
& Jeffrey Brashich

The Beginning
Holy days
Customs
Afterlife
Architecture
Jainism is a break off of Hinduism
Originated in India in the 6th century B.C.E.
Didn't have one single founder
24 tirthankers(teachers) spread Jainism
Known as a non-violence religion
Believers are known as Jinas
Bibliography
Mahavira Jayanti- Celebrates Mahavira's birth
Gather in temples to hear teachings of Mahavira.
Diwali- Is celebrated throughout India
On this day Mahavira gave his last speech
Paryushana- Fasting for eight days
Monks give teaching of the Jains
Fasting is common in Jainism (for presence)
Jinas are strict vegetarians
Pilgrimage is important in Jainism
Important role in Digambaras and Svetambaras
When Jain people go on Pilgrimage they take on roles of nuns and monks
Shatrunjaya in Gujarat popular stopping place during Pilgrimage
Works Cited
BBC Religion. BBC, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/jainism/>.
Breuilly, Elizabeth. Religions of the World. New York: Facts on file Inc., 1997. Print.
Infoplease.com. Pearson Education, n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2013. <http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/society/jainism.html>.
Mehta, Amay. "My religion: Jainism: understanding different faiths." Skipping Stones May-Aug. 2012: 7. General OneFile. Web. 4 Dec. 2013. Document URL
<http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA289833710&v=2.1&u=nysl_ro_phs&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w&asid=39b507b7cbf947a08e2d46d7058809e6>
Oxtoby, Willard G., ed. World Religions. Eastern religions ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. Print.
Shah, Natubhai. Jainism: The world of conquerors. Vol. 1. Delhi: Sussex academic press, n.d. Print.

Many beautiful Jain temples in India
Temples usually contain pictures of Tirthankaras
Most popular temples found at Ranakpur and Mount Abu in Rajasthan
Buddhist rock-cut style
Made mostly of marble stone
Brick was not used often
The Symbol
Text had to be memorized
Monks and nuns weren't allowed to posses religious books
Teachings of Mahavira
Memorized to pass down to generations
Original teachings lost around 350B.C.
Statue of Adinatha the first tirthankers
Famous Temples
Ranakpur Temple
Dedicated to Adinatha
Supported by 1444 marble pillars
All pillars carved differently




Palitana
Temples considered most sacred
Carved in marble




Behaviors
Worship
Daily Spirituals practices
Prayer
Honor tirthankers
Pay respect for monks
Repent for their sins
Self study and meditation for 48 minutes
Daily routine for worshiping Jains
Morning pray
Temple visit for worship and hearing
Care for others
Donations to monks and nuns
Reading of scriptures
Focuses on the virtues they want to emulate
Expected to help themselves toward salvation
through thinking and acting in the proper way
Right Belief, Right Knowledge, Right Conduct
Not to kill anyone or anything
Not to lie or steal
To observe purity and chasity
To have no attachment to things
ahimsa- nonviolent lifestyle
Believe in reincarnation
At death soul goes to next body instantly
Quality of next death determined by karma
Best death calm and focused on spiritual matters
Repeated reincarnation until liberation
December 2013
Pre AP World History
Texts
Purpose of Life
To attain salvation
To realize the free state of our true beings
Remove all Karma in the process to purify the soul
To obtain a state of liberation
Religions
Similarities
Difference
Jainism
Hinduism
Both Celebrate Diwali
Believe in rebirth and salvation
Descriptions of heaven, earth, and hell
Outlook on life and behaviors
Both religions were originated in India
Don't accept the sacred books of
Hindus like Verdas and Smritis
Regard world as external
Worship ones that have realized
high in themselves
Salvation- right of human beings
Path of Salvation- Right belief,
Right knowledge, and Right conduct
Karma form of matter
Liberated soul remains at top of universe
The hand represents to stop
The wheel represents Non violence
Portraying the idea of thinking ahead
The dots in the swastika represent the state that the souls live in
Heaven, hell, human and animal
The swastika its self reminds them of the cycle to be liberated
Don't recognize a single scripture of Jainism
World made by a creator
Worship one God as the creator and ruler of the world
Salvation-happened to gods alone
No single path of salvation
Karma-invisible power
Liberated soul enjoys happiness in heaven
They feel they kill less living souls from eating food grown above ground than from in the ground.
High Power in Jainism
The creation story
Shows progression of eternal universe
Jinas celebrating Mahavira Jayanti
Conclusion- Jainism Facts to Remember
One of the oldest Indian religions, 6th century
How to live-Cause no harm to any sentient being
Sacred texts teachings of Mahavira in various collections
Spiritual leaders- monks
House of worship-temple
Belief- The soul is uncreated and eternal
Afterlife-Repeated reincarnation until liberation



The Religion teach that they don't have a god
No god that controls the people
Most things just happen
Not influenced by any god
All souls viewed as equal
The gods that are worshiped have no influence on the people
Bad beliefs
Main reason: Karma
The soul has repayment for wrong doings
Want to be in a state of deliverance
Free of all karma
No gods that punish or hurt the human
Evil is explained as just existing
Religious aspects
Jinas believe anything living contain a soul
karma and dharma
Believe in reincarnation
Some Hindu gods were drown into Jainism over time
They are not materialistic
The three green dots represent the three jewels (Knowledge faith and conduct)
They do not believe it was made by a god
They prove that a god creating the world is imposable
The texts state that the universe was never created or will cease to exist
Self sufficient universe
No god required to run or help the universe
Exist forever
Soul states
The supreme abode:
liberated souls
Upper world:celestial beings
Middle world: Humans
Lower world: hell
Full transcript