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Pectus Excavatum

Science Project
by

Danielle McCarson

on 22 February 2011

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Transcript of Pectus Excavatum

Pectus Excavatum By: Katie Kehres
And
Danielle McCarson
What’s in the name? Latin for hallow chest
How to manage Pectus Excavatum Many people use lung exercises to avoid increase base lung capacity. Refrain from taking deep breaths
Surgery: The primary goal of pectus excavatum repair surgery is to correct the chest deformity to improve a patient’s breathing, posture and cardiac function. Tell me more.. Pectus excavatum is the most common deformity of the anterior wall of the chest, in which several ribs and the sternum grow abnormally.
Also known as sunken or funnel chest Pectus excavatum is not preventable, but the condition is treatable. In rare cases if the condition is left untreated, pectus excavatum can cause compression of the heart and lungs. Time Line.. It was recognized as early as the 16th century, Johan Schenck (1531-1590) collected literature on the subject. A classic paper by Bauhinus in 1594, described the clinical features of pectus exavatum. It was noted by Couolson in 1820, and later by Williams in 1872.
Other cases appeared in the 19th century The first surgical attempt was in 1911 In the 1920’s, Sauerbruch performed the first pectus repair using the Ravitch Procedure Fast Facts.. Can also occur in animals, mainly in cats.
Most patients do not have symptoms, though a minority of patients may have the following symptoms:


Fatigue Shortness of breath Chest pain and Fast heart rate. I don’t believe it! After getting surgical repair. No school for 2-3 weeks. No slouching or slumping when sitting.  Good posture will help keep the bar in place. No lifting more than 5 pounds for the first 2 months.  This includes heavy backpacks.
No karate, judo, gymnastics or contact sports (even in gym). This sugery involves placing a metal “pectus bar” to help reshape the chest wall. The bar will remain in place for 2 to 3 years. 
It’s in the numbers.. It occurs in one in 1,500 births
Pectus excavatum occurs more often in men than women, appearing in 1 per every 300 to 400 white male births Occurrences of the condition in family members have been reported in 35% to 45% of cases.
The End (: Wikipedia my.cleavlandclinic.org chkd.org uwhealth.org Special thanks to...
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