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Southern Spectacle:

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Jarod Roll

on 21 September 2016

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Transcript of Southern Spectacle:

Southern Spectacle:
The Rise of Lynching Culture

By state, total and race, 1882-1968

Alabama: 347 (299 African American, 86.1%)
Arkansas: 284 (226 African American, 79.6%)
Florida: 282 (257 African American, 91.1%)
Georgia: 531 (492 African American, 92.7%)
Kentucky: 205 (142 African American, 69.3%)
Louisiana: 391 (335 African American, 85.7%)
Mississippi: 581 (539 African American, 92.8%)
Missouri: 122 (69 African American, 56.6%)
North Car: 101 (86 African American, 85.2%)
Oklahoma: 122 (40 African American, 32.8%)
South Car: 160 (156 African American, 97.5%)
Tennessee: 251 (204 African American, 81.3%)
Texas: 493 (352 African American, 71.4%)
Virginia: 100 (83 African American, 83%)
Highest number:

Mississippi: 581
Georgia: 531
Texas: 493
Next highest:

Montana: 84 (2 African American)
Colorado: 68 (3 African American)
Nebraska: 57 (5 African American)
Ida B. Wells, b. Holly Springs
--most well-known anti-lynching activist in world in 1890s, 1900s
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
--formed 1909 on the centennial of Lincoln's birth
--gained mass popularity during World War I, 1915-1919
--became largest African American political organization (BTW died in 1915)
--main issue was lynching
Vardaman, 1907, while governor of MS:
--"If it is necessary every Negro in the state will be lynched; it will be done to maintain white supremacy"
Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill, 1922
--sponsored by Rep. Leonidas Dyer, congressman from St. Louis
--made lynching a felony; punishment for law enforcement that did not stop it and those who participated; fines for counties that had them, paid to victim's family
--if police did not protect all citizens equally, they would be tried in federal court
--passed the House; failed due to southern Democrats filibuster in Senate
If Mississippi Plan of 1890 mocked the 15th amendment, lynching mocked the 14th amendment
--explicit denial of due process of law, of basic rights of citizenship
Full transcript