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Transcript of Japanese History
By Bradley Henry and Shamar Melvin
Describe the establishment of the Tokugawa Shogunate.
Who was the first Shogun of this period?
What city was the Shogunate based in?
Tokugawa defeated loyalists and other rivals in the battle of Sekigahara in the year 1600. As a result he received unlimited power and wealth and appointed Shogun.
Did Ieyasu promote foreign trade?
What was the effect of the lasting peace on the Samurai class?
What was Shogun Iemitsu's effect on foreign travel?
In 1633, shogun Iemitsu forbade traveling abroad and almost completely isolated Japan.
What were the five classes (in order) of society during the "Neo Confucius" era?
Samurai, peasants, artisans, and merchants, outcasts.
The first Shogun of the Edo Period was Tokugawa Ieyasu.
What social values did the Neo Confucians stress?
It stressed the importance of morals, education and hierarchical order in the government and society.
The Shogunate city was based in the city of Edo(Tokyo).
Why did the Tokugawa shogunate decline?
A steady worsening of the financial situation of the government led to higher taxes
Riots among the farm population.
Japan regularly experienced natural disasters
Financial problems for the central government
The social hierarchy began to break down as the merchant class grew increasingly powerful
Corruption, incompetence and a decline of morals within the government caused further problems.
Describe the pressures Japan was under to "open up" in the late 19th century. Why did the Japanese decide to open up?
The Russians first tried to establish trade contacts with Japan without success. They were followed by other European nations and the Americans in the 19th century.
Commodore Perry in 1853 and again in 1854 who forced the Tokugawa government to open a limited number of ports for international trade.
Leyasu did promote foreign trade especially with the English and Dutch whom he established relations with.
The lasting peace allowed the samurai class to absorb more knowledge on literature, philosophy, and other aspects of life.