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The Human Figure Throughout Art History

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by

Robin Holde

on 19 May 2011

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Transcript of The Human Figure Throughout Art History

The Human Figure
Throughout Art History Prehistoric 40,000 BCE - 2,000 BCE by: Robin Holde Head is small and insignificant feet also small breasts and stomach are larger
shows fertility Venus of Willendorf Prehistoric art is the earliest form of art. Very crude and primitive. Prehistoric art was centered on women because they relied on women to carry on the race and take care of the clan. Woman From Ostrava Petrkovice slightly raised hip Youthful and athletic carving tool marks visible EGYPTIAN Reliefs Sculpture 2575 BCE
-
1070 BCE hieractic scale
cannon of proportions
less important people in action Cannon of Proportions head seen in profile legs seen in profile eyes seen from the front shoulders seen from the front Ti Watching a Hippo Hunt Palette of Narmer pudgy
less formal cannon of proportions
permanent Seated Scribe Khafra GREEK 900 BCE
through
30 BCE Archaic freestanding grave markers archaic smile men are nude female=kore male=kouros women heavily clothed Kroisos Kouros Peplos Kore Classical contrapposto relaxed stance idealized heroic athletic nude Hellenistic realistic modeling movement variety of expression deep undercutting view from all angles strange themes Kritian Boy Aphrodite
of Knidos Spear Bearer Polykleitos Praxiteles Hermes and the Infant Dionysos Praxiteles Nike of Samothrace Laocoon Rhodes Sculptors BYZANTINE frontal poses
symmetrical
weightless bodies
emphasized drapery
avoided nudity Justinian and Attendants Christ as Pantocrator RENAISSANCE 1495 - 1520 CE 500 - 1453 CE PAINTING SCULPTURE idealized figure
new standard in painting
balanced compositions
linear perspective heroic nudity = idealization
classical influence
little negative space
marble was the medium of choice sculptural quality
influence from Greek Sculpture Creation of Adam Mona Lisa relaxed contrapposto
psychological intensity Madonna with the Goldfinch sweetness in the faces
clarity of forms
chiaroscuro Michelangelo Leonardo Raphael ...in drag Pieta David Michelangelo contrapposto
compact pose
monumental size heavy drapery
Mary appears young Mannerism 1520 - 1600 CE long figures
irrational space
exaggerated poses
mysterious expressions
unusual colors androgynous figures
bodies twisting around each other Entombment
-Pontormo Madonna of the Long Neck
-Parmigianio small head, long neck
delicate and graceful
pose reminscent of Pieta Modernism Futurism 1909 - 1914 Cubism 1907 - 1930s Regionalism 1930s -strides pridefully forward
-illusion of movement
-abstract forms fly around figure -flattened and fractured figures
-sharp curves and angles
-influence from African, Greek and Egyptian cultures -flat space
-angular figures
-subjects from everyday life THE
END Unique Forms of Continuity in Space
-Boccioni Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
-Picasso Migration of the Negro Series
-jacob Lawrence Michelangelo
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