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Transcript of Early China
(1700BC- 220AD) Early Structure of Society A Feudal society (nobles/peasants) Respect parents
Eldest men controlled the family relationships including filial piety (children respect parent) est. coined later by Confucius. 5.Han dynasty CHANGES social structure to Confucian values:
c.State Officials/Nobles Scholars-
g. Guess... The ancient Chinese system of writing used pictographs, or drawings of objects, and ideographs, Cultural Diversity:
writing Early Religon: anamistic Ergo, Women had few rights Conflict and Compromise Movement Government 1better Science and Technolgy
2. Need for an overhaul in government. Dynastic rule: Zhou, Qin and Han Zhou dynasty Warring State Period or 1000 years of war Zhou=Feudalism Women’s role was in the home
BUT Upper class had more opportunity. What does the 1000's years of give us? "The age of warring states is one of the most riches known in history in technical innovation." Really??? What was invented? 1. better farming techniques: the plow, hoe, use of dung, spread of irrigation on a massive scale.
2.weapons: swords and crossbows. In addition trade expanded. The larger the city; the more likely for what? Confucian ideology Periods of war (warring states age)
brought chaos, arrogance, etc….Leads to Confucianism Confuciaus helps establish Bureaucracy in the HAN dynasty. What is bureaucracy? Legalism counters Confucianism. Which Greek leader would like legalism? New Legalist Government :
Qin Dynasty forms. importance on centralization. What's this? Qin Centralization of China leads to 4,000 miles of roads
a.Standardization of measurements, writing, law, currency and weight the hated autocratic govt is overthrown by rebellion of the lower class. Thus rises the last ancient empire the HAN. Work or die: The Great Wall Han achievements:
Collars for horses
Perfected the plow
Water mills To expand the empire what did the Han do to the conquered people? set up Education system Other ways of government-Intermarriage encourage. Assimilation.What's this? End of Han: flood and loss of lively hood. Religious tones: Mandate to Heaven Govt could be overthrown if leaders were “foolish”. Therefore establishing multiple dynasties or a dynastic cycle. Filiel: of or due from a son or daughter
Piety:the quality of being religious or reverent Armies needed pitstops allowing for the growth of trading hubs. Han adopted the Government which was centralized and many provinces or commands/commanderies were used. 3 main divisions: collection of taxes, supervision of military and recruitment of personnel. Confucianism within government. Qin Social Structure: Soliders-Farmers the backbone. Education expanded with the invention of papermaking by the Han! War. Through Assimilation the Han conquered at a rapid rate. Conquest of peoples including Korea to Vietnam. Today many Chinese call themselves "people of the Han"