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CST WORLD HISTORY ADVISORY REVIEW
Transcript of CST WORLD HISTORY ADVISORY REVIEW
Some rules include:
an eye for an eye
a tooth for a tooth Han Dynasty in China In order to work in government,
you took a civil service exam
based on teachings of Confucius Judeo-Christian Beliefs Jews and Christians
belief in one God, which
gave them laws to follow.
Moses - 10 Commandments
Jesus - Golden Rule Greeks and Romans Athens Created world's first democracy Rome Created world's first republic Democracy - all citizens vote on everything Republic - citizens elect leaders
to run government for them Philosophers 12 Tables of Rome
a list of rights for
rich or poor Plato His ideal government would
Have three levels
1 - Workers
2 - Soldiers
3 - Philosophers
Out of the philosophers, one would be elected the philosopher king Aristotle Believed the best government
would be a single,
Magna Carta June 15, 1215 AC/CE
First document to place
limits on the king or monarchy
First step towards democracy
in the Modern Era The Enlightenment Many people began studying
human behavior and figured
out better ways to run the government John Locke Montesquieu Rousseau English Enlightenment Philosophe
Came up with the Social Contract theory,
that includes the ideas of Natural Rights
(life, liberty, and property)
Influenced Thomas Jefferson
French Enlightenment Philosophe
Came up with the idea of
“Separation of powers”
and dividing government up
into different branches French Enlightenment Philosophe
“Social Contract” theory of the
“General Will” where a government
must rule according to what the
The Glorious Revolution
1688 Britain’s Bloodless revolution,
where the English Bill of Rights was signed,
limiting the power from the Monarchy of England The American Revolution The French Revolution The Industrial Revolution Imperialism World War I Totalitarian Leaders World War II Cold War Modern Nations Declaration Of Indepedence Bill of Rights Document written mostly by Thomas Jefferson,
inspired by the ideas of John Locke.
Influenced other revolutions in France,
Haiti, and other Latin American Countries
Document written that lists the rights of all citizen in the US
freedom of speech,
freedom from random searches and seizures,
freedom from cruel and unusual punishments
Declaration of Rights of Man Robespierre French Revolution Document
This Document emphasized
that all people are equal
Radical leader who started
the Reign of Terror
Where he executed thousands
of French Citizens to
save the Republic of Rome People moved to cities to work in factories Henry Bessemer Louis Pasteur Charles Dickens He did not invent steel,
but he developed a steel making process
that made it faster and cheaper.
His invention allows for other technologies
to be built (steam engines, boats, automobiles,
The Eiffel Tower is
made out of steel Discovered the germ theory,
and created vaccines and a
process called “Pasteurization”
that kills bacteria.
His discoveries help to make
people live longer.
English writer, who was
a critic and wrote of the
harsh conditions of
the Industrial Revolution,
in books like Hard Times
and David Copperfield
One country’s domination (political, economic, cultural) of another.
During The Age of Imperialism (1800-1914), European nations and the
United States controlled almost the entire world.
Scramble for Africa India Gandhi Indian Nationalist leader who sought to gain
Independence through non-violent protests,
such as his Salt March.
Total War A type of war when all countries dedicate all of their resources to war (money, food, people, etc.) Propaganda is often used to convince people to support this style of war.
All Quiet on the Western Front (We watched a movie based on this book)
A book that depicted the horrors of trench warfare.
Treaty of Versailles Treaty that ended World War I. It unfairly blamed Germany for all of the war, forced them to pay billions of dollars in reparations, reduced their military size, and lost their territories in Africa and Europe.
1914-1918, a war that was started based on Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, and Nationalism. New technologies were introduced, trench warfare was used, and about 9 million people died during this war Poison Gas
Attack Communism Political and economic ideology put forth by Karl Marx and Freidrich Engles in response to the problems that arose with Capitalism. Calls for the collective ownership of farms and factories. Government would control all property and industry.
Russian Revolution (1917 - Communist/Bolshevik Revolution) Began in 1917, with a strike of industrial workers in Petrograd. Lenin, who was exiled from France, returns to Russia to lead the Revolution. Causes: food shortages, power of the Czar and working conditions. Result: Czar Nicholas II overthrown, Lenin and the Bolsheviks (Communists) take over and form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) in 1922. Stalin The unlikely successor to Lenin. He lead Russia to a new way of Communism, with his Great Purges where he eliminated his enemies, and his 5 year plans.
Fascism A political ideology under which the government controls all aspects of life: political and economic maters, culture and values. Totalitarianism grew in a number of European nations after World War I (Italy under Mussolini and Germany under Hitler) as a backlash against the perceived ineffectiveness of democratic rule. Social Darwinism The use of Charles Darwin’s evolutionary theory to explain everything from laissez faire business practices to colonialism. Social Darwinists believed that minorities and the poor were genetically inferior and that programs to help them would interfere with natural selection (and survival of the fittest).
Type of Totalitarian government started by Benito Mussolini. It becomes the basis of totalitarian government that leaders like Hitler follows. Characteristics include – blind loyalty to the state, less freedom of speech
Hitler Leader of Nazi Germany who brought Germany out of depression, got rid of the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles, and expanded the territory of Germany to the point of starting World War II Franz Ferdinand He was the heir (next in line) to the throne of Austro-Hungarian Empire. His death is considered the “powder keg” that ignited all of Europe in World War I War that lasted from 1939 - 1945, with Germany, Italy, and Japan (Axis) versus Great Britain, France, Russia, and USA (Allies) War Began - September 1, 1939 when Hitler Invaded Poland USA JOINS WAR - December 8, 1941
The Day after Pearl Harbor Attack The Blitz - Hitler Bombs Cities in England Day in and Day out. England Survives the attacks. D-Day - June 1943 - Allied Invasion of Northern France, Turning Point in European War Germany Surrenders
May 1945 August 1945
Atomic Bombs Dropped on Japan Japan Surrenders
September 1945 Holocaust The planned extermination of 6 million European Jews during World War II. Other victims include homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, communists. Most of the killings were done in the Concentration and Death Camps. The phrase
“Arbeit macht Frei” was
displayed over every
“Work bring Freedom”
of Government CST REVIEW