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3.01 Isolationism, Intervention, and Imperialism.
Transcript of 3.01 Isolationism, Intervention, and Imperialism.
Isolationism is when a country does not get involved into foreign political affairs. I believe when the US declined to give aid to Hungarian patriots in 1849, it was because they were in a form of isolation. I believe that they wanted to focus on the expanding the nation and did not want to be distracted from this mission. Also, the American military was relatively small, so strategically, America would not be much of assistance to the Hungarian patriots.
Imperialism is creating colonies in weaker nations to make and obtain raw materials and have access to new markets. The annexation of Hawaii in 1900 is an example of imperialism. Hawaii was a major producer of sugar, especially for the United States, so it would be beneficial for the United States to annex Hawaii in order to obtain raw materials, such as sugar, in Hawaii.
An 1875 treaty allowed Hawaiian sugar to be imported to the United States without tariffs. In 1887, the United States pressured the Hawaii to allow the United States to establish a naval base at Pearl Harbor. The agreement ended when Congress passed the McKinley Tariff of 1890. because they were not granted permission to establish a naval base. Congress revoked Hawaii's special privilege, which made Hawaii face an economic depression. Planters in Hawaii wanted to make the islands a territory of the United States. However, their leader, Queen Liliuokalani, did not allow this. This ultimately lead to her being overthrown and Hawaii becoming annexed in 1900.
By: Muhammed Hafez
The United States declines to give aid to Hungarian patriots in 1849.
At this time, the United States concentrated on expanding the nation westward across the continent. This expansion was based on the concept of Manifest Destiny. The Manifest Destiny is the belief that God wanted the United States to reach from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. This focus on expansionism took up much of the country's efforts.
Intervention is the involvement by a foreign nation in the affairs of another nation. An example of intervention would be when the United States attempts to mediate in the Venezuela-Great Britain dispute in 1895. This was a dispute between Venezuela and Great Britain about whether a 509-ounce gold nugget belonged to one nation or the other, due to disputed territory. President Grover Cleveland intervened, because Britain had violated the the Monroe Doctrine. This doctrine declared that the Western Hemisphere was off limits from further European intervention.
The United States attempts to mediate in the Venezuela-Great Britain dispute in 1895
The United States annexes Hawaii in 1900.
The U.S. intervened, because Britain violated the Monroe Doctrine, which states that European nations cannot intervene in the Western Hemisphere. The U.S. wanted to intervene, because this is a dispute with a neighboring country that is protected under the Monroe Doctrine. Just a few years later, President Theodore Roosevelt believed in what has become known as the "Big Stick Policy," which allows the U.S. to police foreign nations, especially Latin Nations.