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Vietnam War Timeline

timeline on the Vietnam War

Stamatia Proicou

on 13 May 2013

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Transcript of Vietnam War Timeline

1945-1963 The End! By Tia Proicou Vietnam War Timeline September 2, 1945 Vietnam declares independence After fighting to become free from France, Vietnam finally becomes an independent nation. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/vietnam-independence-proclaimed July 21, 1954 Geneva Peace Accords Signed The Geneva Accords, which included 10 documents (6 unilateral declarations, 3 military agreements, and a Final Declaration of the Geneva Conference) were signed by representatives from Vietnam, France, Cambodia, and Laos. The Geneva Accords called for a cease-fire along the 17th Parallel (the line that separates N. Vietnam from S. Vietnam); gave each side 300 days to bring all of their troops to their side of the line; and gave communist groups and the guerilla fighters to remove themselves from Cambodia and Laos, so French troops could be stationed there if so requested by the governments and free elections held in 1955. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/229032/Geneva-Accords November 7, 1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower is re-elected http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/7/newsid_3713000/3713436.stm Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower returned to the White House as president. November 8, 1960 John F. Kennedy is Elected as President John F. Kennedy is elected as the president of the United States of America. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/john-f-kennedy-elected-president December 20, 1960 National Liberation Front is Organized The National Liberation Front (NLF), a political organization in Vietnam, was formed. The main goal of the NLF was to overthrow the S. Vietnamese government and unite N. and S. Vietnam. 1964-1967 August 7, 1964 New York City Anti-War Demonstrations 1964 1967 Gulf of Tonkin Agreement http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/405034/National-Liberation-Front-NLF After U.S. ships in the Gulf of Tonkin were attacked by the North Vietnamese, Congress passed a joint resolution that gave the then-president Lyndon B. Johnson authority to enhance the U.S. involvement in Vietnam's civil war. Johnson wanted the resolution passed so it could help support his actions of sending U.S. planes to attack the North Vietnamese attackers. http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=98# 1965 March 8, 1965 U.S. Sends Troops to Vietnam http://history1900s.about.com/od/1960s/qt/vietnamtroops.htm Because of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, Lyndon B. Johnson uses his power to send 3,500 U.S. Marines to Da Nang in S. Vietnam, thus escalating the conflict in Vietnam. 1966 January 24, 1966 U.S. Senate Hearings on War http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/minute/Vietnam_Hearings.htm Dean Rusk, Secretary of State, appeared in court before J. William Fulbright, Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman, and his committee. He testified that, "If the U.S. and its allies remained firm, the communists would eventually give up in Vietnam." April 15, 1967 400,000 people march from Central park to the United Nations Building protesting the war, including Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opposition_to_the_U.S._involvement_in_the_Vietnam_War October 21, 1967 Pentagon Anti-War Protests 100,000 people protest against the Vietnam War at the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/100000-people-march-on-the-pentagon January 31, 1968 January 6, 1969 April 30, 1970 1968-1970 Tet Offensive is Launched About 70,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces launched gruesome attacks on over 100 areas in South Vietnam. The attacks were named after Tet, the lunar new year holiday. The attacks were designed to provoke South Vietnamese rebellion and to push the United States to minimize support for the Saigon regime. http://www.history.com/topics/tet-offensive Vietnamization President Richard Nixon publicly spoke of his plan called "Vietnamization" to bring "peace with honor." His plan is to train and give S. Vietnamese soldiers weapons and use them to replace all of the American troops. http://www.shmoop.com/vietnam-war/timeline.html November 3, 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson is Re-Elected Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn into office again as President of the United States of America. http://www.lbjlib.utexas.edu/johnson/archives.hom/biographys.hom/lbj_bio.asp#1960 November 22, 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson Becomes President After John F. Kennedy is assassinated, Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn into office at Air Force One 99 minutes after JFK officially died. http://www.upi.com/Audio/Year_in_Review/Events-of-1963/Lyndon-B.-Johnson-Sworn-in/12386108698633-4/ http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/lyndonbjohnson November 5, 1968 Richard Nixon is Elected as President Richard Nixon is elected as President of the United States of America. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/richard-nixon-elected-president Nixon Orders Invasion of Cambodia President Nixon announces his plans of sending U.S. troops to invade enemy territories in Cambodia. This ignites outrage in people, especially college students. http://history1900s.about.com/od/vietnamwar/a/vietnamtimeline.htm May 4, 1970 Kent State Shooting During a protest against the war at Kent State in Ohio, members from the Ohio National Guard fired their guns into a group of protestors, shooting 13 people in all. Nine were wounded and four were killed. http://dept.kent.edu/sociology/lewis/lewihen.htm 1973-1975 January 27, 1973 Paris Peace Accords An agreement signed by the United States, N. Vietnam, S. Vietnam, and Viet Cong. Some agreements include: U.S. agrees to stop all military activities and remove all troops in 60 days N. Vietnamese agree to an immediate cease-fire and the release of all American prisoners of war in a span of 60 days N. Vietnamese soldiers still in S. Vietnam are allowed to remain (approximately 150,000 of them) S. Vietnam is considered to be one country with two government systems: one lead by President Thieu and the other by Viet Cong Vietnam will remain in two parts: N. Vietnam and S. Vietnam http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html March 29, 1973 Troops Leave Vietnam The last U.S. troops are brought home to America from Vietnam. http://history1900s.about.com/od/vietnamwar/a/vietnamtimeline.htm November 7, 1973 The War Powers Act The War Powers Act was passed by Congress over President Nixon's veto to expand Congress' control over the executive branch in foreign policy matters, specifically referring to large military actions. The main goal of this act is to ban the President from declaring military actions for over sixty days, unless Congress agrees. http://cwx.prenhall.com/bookbind/pubbooks/dye4/medialib/docs/warpower.htm http://www.loc.gov/law/help/war-powers.php April 30, 1975 S. Vietnam Surrenders S. Vietnam surrenders to the Communists of N. Vietnam. S. Vietnamese Col. Duong Van Minh surrendered to N. Vietnamese Col. Bui Tin. Tin responded saying, "You have nothing to fear. Between Vietnamese there are no victors and no vanquished. Only the Americans have been beaten. If you are patriots, consider this a moment of joy. The war for our country is over." http://history1900s.about.com/od/vietnamwar/a/vietnamtimeline.htm http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/south-vietnam-surrenders The Vietnam War was fought in Vietnam and the neighboring countries of Laos and Cambodia.
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