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Absolutism in Russia
Transcript of Absolutism in Russia
"The more a man knows, the more he forgives." - Catherine the Great
Modern-Day St. Petersburg
Catherine the Great
The Impact of Absolutism in Russia
Catherine took power from the nobles without a word of complaint from them, and she restored a broken empire into a feared global superpower. Her powerful, absolute rule protected her political position and secured the Russian Empire.
After the death of Peter the Great, he was succeeded by a German princess named Catherine II, who later became known as Catherine the Great. She was German not Russian, which made her position very fragile. Even so, she ruled for 34 years. She took control of the throne after the death of her husband Peter III. When she first came into power, Russia was messy, diseased, and disorderly. She modernized and unified the
Russian Empire. In 1775, she reorganized her government using absolute authority to rule. She tried to abolish serfdom by limiting the rights of nobility, but despite her harsh restrictions on the nobilities, she strengthened the middle class. She improved agriculture and industries, she offered commoners generous profits to work in under-populated regions, and she took control of Crimea, making the Russian Empire occupy the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea.
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Peter I or Peter the Great
Peter the Great
The Impact of Absolutism in Russia
Peter the Great is described as an energetic and ruthless leader. He visited Western Europe early in his reign, and he modeled the Russian Empire after Western technology, military organization, and political practice. He invited Western advisors to Russia to help institute government protection for industries and commercial enterprises. This caused him to impose taxes on the peasants to pay for the military. During this time, the Orthodox Church objected to these changes, so Peter attacked its wealth and power.
By imposing taxes on peasants, he amassed a professional army of 200 thousand men equipped with modern muskets and artillery. Despite being unsuccessful in fighting against the Ottoman Empire, he defeated Sweden and took control of Estonia and Latvia, located on the shores of the Baltic Sea. After the Treaty of Nystad in 1721, he established St. Petersburg, his new capital, near the Baltic Sea. Despite Peter the Great's success as Czar, many people were killed during his rule, and taxes were five times the amount before his rule. He died in 1725
Peter the Great was able to get the military to respond to his commands, and he expanded an Absolutist Russia in all directions. He ruled over a broken nation with an iron fist, and his influence in the Russian society lasts to this. Peter was the most Absolute ruler in Russia, and this is exemplified through his acts like the Great Northern War. Throughout Absolutist Russia, Peter and Catherine completely altered the course that Russia was taking, making Russia the country that it is today.
ABSOLUTISM IN RUSSIA