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timeline - History
Transcript of timeline - History
hunter - gatherers Started in Africa They lived in caves Neolithic 10.000 b.C. The meaning of "Neolithic"
is "modern stone" Apart from hunters and gatherers, they began to be Ranchers and Farmers They lived in small huts ...The prehistory ended The history began when... Mesopotamia The sumers discovered the , it was the transition from prehistory to history writing Mesopotamia was situated between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers 5.000 b.C Egypt 4.000 b.C - 3.000 b.C Located in the Nile River valley. Upper Egypt -It was representated by the white crown The Egyptians believed in many gods. There were more than seven hundred Egyptian gods. Greece 600 b.C - 146 b.C They, like the egyptians, believed in many gods. Kinds of temples Doric Jonic Corinthian Pyramids - There, they buried the dead (usually nobles and pharaohs) with their possessions. - Also there, they made the judgment of Osiris where the deceased could be immortal. Roman Empire Citizens Non-citizens Had rights Didn't have rights. Freedmen, slaves and women. Theodosius death (395 a. C) Roman Empire Divided in Eastern Roman Empire. Weastern Roman Empire. In 476, the empire ended. New name: Byzantine empire In 1453, the empire ended The Early Middle Ages 395 a.C - 843 a.C It created our solar system With our planet, the Earth Germanic Kingdoms -Franks (in France)
-Visigoths (in Spain)
-Ostrogoths & Lombards (in Italy)
-Angles & Saxons (in Britain) Western Roman Empire Eastern Roman Empire Disappeared Was named Byzantine Empire The most important emperor was :
Justinian Religion Affected life and culture, and caused disagreement. In 1054 East - West Schism Roman Catholic Church Bythantine Ortodox Church The Islam God : Allah. Founded by Muhammad. Sacred book: Koran. They have five pillars (obligations). Carolingian Empire Charlemagne: king who wanted to restore the Western Roman Empire.
He divided the Empire into counties
Treaty of Verdun: division of the Charlemagne's kingdom into his sons. Middle Ages New invasions - Vikings (from Scandinavia)
- Magyards or Hungarians (from steppes of Asia)
- Saracens (were muslims pirates) Feudal Society Feudalism Nobles:
Had their own armies. To be Vassals, they had to do a ceremony where they promised to govern the land and to provide troops and fight for the king. Governed fief or manor in the king's name. Cities - New land was created by cutting down the forests and draining marshes.
- The three-year rotation was established
- The mouldboard pough
- Irrigation became more widespread and new crops were introduced
- There was also greater use of wind and water mills 850 a.C. - 1.100 a.C. 850 a.C. - 1.100 a.C. The Church & Clergy The Catholic Church was present in all of the Western Europe.
The Pope in Rome was the head of the Church
The Secular Clergy were bishops and priests.
The Regular Clergy were abbots, monks and nuns. Trade Mediterranean sea route Monarchies Kings: -Created parliaments
- Gave charters of liberties to the cites
-Created their own armies
-Take power from the nobles People -Rich Merchants.
-Craftsmen, shopkeepers and workers in domestic service.
-Poor people. Craftsmen Worked in workshops
Joined a Guild
-Apprentices 1.100 a.C. - 1.400 a.C. Romanesque Art 1.000 a.C. Sculpture and paintings were used to convey spirituality. Gothic Art In agriculture, the most representative buildings were churches, cathedrals and monasteries. They were dark, their walls were very thick, and their windows were small, and there weren't many of windows. In agriculture, the most representative building was the cathedral. It was always in the center of the city. Cities competed with each other to build the biggest or tallest cathedral. The windows were made of stained glass, and there were rose windows in bright colours. Gothic cathedrals were high to represent the heaven. Its base is a Latin Cross. The End. Atlantic and Baltic sea route 500 b.C. - 1.453 a.C. Lower Egypt - At the end of the Nile river - It was representated by the red crown