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Fundamentals of Music: Meter

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by

Douglas Brown

on 20 March 2013

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Transcript of Fundamentals of Music: Meter

Chapter 4 Simple Meter What is meter ? Do you remember meter meter signature time signature All of these terms
are virtually synonymous . examples: We can categorize meter into two different types. simple compound Chapter 7 Compound Meter and A cool chart. You should learn this chart. simple compound duple triple quadruple 2 3 4 6 9 12 This chart refers only to the top number of the time signature. duple triple quadruple simple compound duple triple quadruple 2 4 6 9 12 Therefore, this meter is simple triple . OR OR OR In fact, these are all simple triple... ...because of the top number.
The bottom number does not matter. How about this one? It's compound quadruple because of the top number. 3 What it all means... simple divides into two parts compound divides into notice the dot 1 2 three parts In simple time, the bottom number of the meter signature time determines which note gets the beat... ...just like we've already learned. quarter note gets the beat three beats in the measure 3 In compound meter, the rules are different. determines which note is the division of the beat. The bottom number of the meter signature 8th note is the division of the beat. This means that the dotted quarter
note gets the beat... ...even though the bottom number is an 8. Because there are nine eighth notes in one measure, this means there are three dotted quarter notes in one measure... ...which means there are 1 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 2 3 A review is in order. total beats in one measure. three That is why the 9 in the chart means compound triple . Example 1: What type of meter is this? Is it simple or compound ? simple compound duple triple quadruple 2 3 4 6 9 12 Simple simple compound duple triple quadruple 2 3 4 6 9 12 Is it duple , , or triple quadruple ? simple compound duple triple quadruple 2 3 4 6 9 12 Duple . . simple compound duple triple quadruple 2 3 4 6 9 12 This time signature is There are two beats in the measure,
and the quarter note gets the beat. simple duple . Example 2: What type of meter is this? Is it simple or compound ? simple compound duple triple quadruple 2 3 4 6 9 12 Compound . Is it duple , , or triple quadruple ? Duple . simple compound duple triple quadruple 2 3 4 6 9 12 This time signature is There are two beats in the measure,
and the dotted quarter note gets the beat. compound duple . 1 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 2 3 Of course, this is how we beam them. The beat divides in two. The beat divides in three. Example 3: What type of meter is this? simple compound duple triple quadruple 2 3 4 6 9 12 Is it simple or compound? And is it duple, triple, or quadruple? simple compound duple triple quadruple 2 3 4 6 9 12 It is compound quadruple. There are 12 half notes in the measure getting the division. The dotted whole note gets the beat. quadruple 1 3 4 2 Four beats in the measure. I have posted a cheat sheet on Blackboard
with the chart used in this presentation. You may use it as you wish.

You can print it.

You can keep it available on your computer screen. But I hope that you will learn it quickly.
Hopefully, you will get tired enough of
having to look back at it every time. Please do not hesitate to email me
if you are having difficulty understanding anything.

A session in the virtual classroom
may be very helpful to you. <end of presentation> Have a great week! compound A Note about Some Notes So far you have learned that 8th and 16th notes may not be beamed across beats. There is one exception that you need to be aware of. In order to make sure the subdivision of beats is always easily seen, eighth notes may be beamed across beats 1 & 2
or across beats 3 & 4
but never across beats 2 & 3 ...but only if there are four 8th notes, beat 1 2 3 4 acceptable beat 1 2 3 4 acceptable ...and only if the time signature is acceptable 1 2 3 4 beat 1 2 beat acceptable 1 2 3 4 beat not acceptable 1 2 3 4 beat not acceptable Beaming across the barline is never, ever acceptable. 1 2 3 4 beat 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 beat not acceptable
(not in this time signature)
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