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Transcript of Mesopotamia:
the land between the rivers
The first civilization
Comprised of city-states
Early written language
1) Presence of Cities/or City
A dense gathering of sedentary (rather than nomadic) peoples
** Normally this can only occur when there is large scale farming/animal husbandry
2) Organized Central Government
Can be lead by a king, a group of officials, or a president
United under a common political organization
EX: Athenian Democracy, Roman Republic, Egyptian & Chinese Dynasties
3) Job Specialization
** remember, this can only happen when there is a surplus agricultural system
Frees up creativity/potential
Priests, officials, warriors, tradesmen/artisans
Positive: iPhone; Negative: Modern Warfare
4) Writing/Archiving System
Allows for the propagation of laws
Shared wisdom can be preserved for future generations
NO SAVING :(
5) Cultivation of Arts/Architecture
AKA: development of Culture
...the arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively.
the sum of the different intellectual and artistic pursuits of a people
Drawings from Chauvet, Fr.
Cuneiform: earliest written language?
The universal language
The ancient language of the Sumerians, Cuneiform, also developed from pictographs
Invaders from the North
Conqured Sumer around 2334 BCE
Led by their King, Sargon the Great
Created the first Empire
Sargon of Akkad: Empire Builder
Unusual rise to power
Sargon's Empire included Mesopotamia, the Levant, and parts of Iran!
Cupbearer to King of Kish
There is evidence that Sargon had influence in Turkey!
Capitol was Nineveh
Known for their extreme creulty
Hammurabi & the Law Code