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Copy of WHAP Exam Review 1450-1750
Transcript of Copy of WHAP Exam Review 1450-1750
Trade is extended through all parts of the world.
Europe finally gains access to Asian trade routes and attempts to control them through choke points- fail
Europe uses American raw materials - especially silver - to trade with Asia
Details - Technology
Spread of shipping technology to Europe as a result of the crusades and experiments by Henry the Navigator
Improvements in gunpowder technology- muskets and cannons.
Details - Demography
Disease killed millions of native Americans
Africans were forcibly transported to the new world for work in plantation agriculture
Populations grew as new calorie-rich foods were brought from the new world
Populations migrated to harsher climates as food crops became available
Populations migrated from the Old World to the New World
Details - Social and Gender structures
Americas - Castas system
Muslim areas (Ottomans, Mughals) Women in the harems wielded considerable power behind the scenes
China - power struggle between the Eunuchs and the Scholar Gentry
Early Modern Period
Americas are included in world trade for the first time
Improvements in technology continues
Populations in transition
New social structures emerge based on race and gender
Traditional beliefs are threatened in Europe but reinforced in China
Empires are both land-based and cross oceanic
Six things to Remember
Beginning of global trade
Beginning of European Atlantic empires
End of Islam in Europe
End of Chinese treasure ship expeditions
Beginning of industrialization
Western Hemisphere colonization peaks
Europe - Renaissance and Reformation reduces the power of the Catholic church and challenges old beliefs
China ends contact with the outside world as neo-Confucianism dominates.
Details - Cultural and Intellectual Expressions
Details - Structure and Function of State
Empire remains the predominant political structure. It is a coercive tribute system
European states such as Spain and Portugal, but also France, England and the Dutch perfect overseas empires by claiming territory in the western hemisphere
Qing, Russia, Mughals, Ottomans and Safavids are powerful land-based empires
Trade: Can't live without it!
Global trade is THE thing this time period!
Core states are manufacturing states.
Periphery states provide raw materials.
Semi-periphey supply both.
Three core zones:
Trade is really important
Religions continue to adapt to new times, but still very important
Diffusion of ideas and diseases as people come into contact with each other
The Americas are added to world trade network
Europe becomes a Maritime area