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African American Education During the 1930s

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Adriana C

on 16 April 2015

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Transcript of African American Education During the 1930s

African American Education During The 1930's
Segregation
the action or state of setting someone or something apart from other people or things or being set apart
Signs were used to show African Americans where they could, under legal protection, walk, talk, drink, rest or eat
For those places that were racially mixed, African American’s had to wait until all other White customers were dealt with first
Rules were also enforced that restricted African American’s from entering white stores
The racial segregation effected the lives of African American’s significantly as they were not granted equality
Overview
American facilities were segregated in 1930's
Schools for white children received more public $$
Black children pulled out of school: needed on the farm
many African Americans only attended school 2 or 3 months out of year
ones that did attend school only made it 4th grade or lower
hand me down books (from white schools) given to African American schools
African American schools = Overcrowded, different grades taught in one room
only 19 percent of 14- 17year old African American teenagers enrolled in high school
Racial Barriers
Could not learn at an "advanced level"
230 counties in the south had no high schools for African Americans while there was a high school for whites in each of those counties
Conservative whites thought that tax money should not be spent on African American education.
Whites: $833
African Americans: $510
Improvements

the Depression improved the situation of black education
In northern schools, school boards began to abolish segregated education as a way of saving money; in the South educators fearful of the possible consequences of unschooled, unemployed youths succeeded in getting school districts to build high schools for blacks—if for no other reason than to keep them off the streets.
thanks to programs and to literacy campaigns mounted by New Deal agencies such as the National Youth Administration (NYA), by 1940 five hundred thousand illiterate blacks had been taught to read and write.
The number of African Americans attending high school doubled; the number of high-school graduates tripled; and the percentage of blacks attending school became equal to that of whites.


Sources
ic.galegroup.com/.../ReferenceDetailsWindow?...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racial_segregation_in_the_United_States
http://scalar.usc.edu/nehvectors/stakeman/school-segregation-in-the-1930s
African American Education in the 1930's
During the 1930's, African Americans did not have the best education especially since it was at the time of the Great Depression
Many parents lost their jobs so children had to get out of school and look for jobs in order to help
It was hard finding jobs during the Great Depression that African Americans had to live on what they have (which was very little)
http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/uhic/ReferenceDetailsPage/DocumentToolsPortletWindow?displayGroupName
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/67474/African-Americans/285193/African-American-life-during-the-Great-Depression-and-the-New-Deal
Many parents lost their jobs so children had to get out of school and look for jobs in order to help
Full transcript