Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Stars

This is the large group notes on stars. It covers charachteristics, classification, and the star cycle.
by

Angela Bergman

on 22 August 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Stars

Stars
Characteristics
Star Stages
Classification
Brightness
Hot = Blue (30,000K+)
Medium = Yellow(5,000-6,000K)
Cool = Red(3,000 K)
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Brightness standardized for distance
Brightness as if all stars were viewed from 32.6 light years away.
Brightness as it appears from earth
Affected by distance, size, and temperature of stars.
For Example,
Car headlights on a highway look small, like a VW bug.
(This is apparent magnitude.)
As they get closer they look bigger, until you realize
it is really a semi-truck.(This is absolute magnitude.)
Organizes stars by
Temperature (Color) & Absolute Magnitude
Charachteristics
Temperature & Color
Hurtzprung Russel Diagram (HR)
Nebula
cloud of dust & gases
large with lots of mass
Very spread out, may contain lots of matter/mass!
Remember, Mass = Gravity
If there is enough gravity, then matter will contract and the star story begins.
NEBULAR THEORY
L-R = Eagle nebula, Carina nebula, Hubble image, lagoon nebula
GRAVITY!
Protostar
Mass in the nebula condenses
Gravitational energy is converted into heat energy.
Lasts about a million years
Main Sequence
Gravity generates heat(10 million K)
Heat causes
NUCLEAR FUSION
Hydrogen + Hydrogen = Helium(over simplified!)
BALANCE between
gravitational pressure inward and
outward pressure due to nuclear reaction
stage that a star will spend most of its time
Hotter/Brighter = shorter life
Cooler/dimmer = longer life
our sun = goldilocks
Heat!
Star "death"
Balance between pressure and gravity is off.
Gravity is winning.
Outer layer expands while core contracts.
Easy fuel is gone. Star begins using much larger atoms for fusion.
Called "falling off" of the main sequence.
Medium Mass(sun sized)
Massive stars(3X sun)
Medium Mass stars (sun sized) become Red Giants
Massive Stars become Red Super Giants (3X mass of sun)
Primary fuel for nuclear fusion is Helium to Carbon(Red giants), and Carbon to Iron(Red super giants)
Core contracts and outer layers cool(RED COLOR).
Artist rendition of red super giant light echos.
Planetary Nebula
Outer layers drift away from core.
Nuclear fusion continues to slow
White Dwarf
Nuclear fusion stops
Only energy given off is heat
Like a stove that has just been turned off. It's still HOT!
Core is now the size of the Earth. (used to be 1 million times the volume of Earth!)
How does a white dwarf compare to our sun?
Black Dwarf
All leftover heat is gone
Carbon + pressure = Diamonds?
Stove is cold
Super nova
core contracts violently
creates an implosion
this is quickly followed by an explosion getting rid of the outer layers.
Neutron Star
smaller & more massive than White dwarves
so much gravity that electrons combine with protons to make neutrons.
Size of a pea = 100 million tons
strong magnetic fields + rapid rotation = Pulsars
Smaller and more massive than Neutron Stars
Therefore, have much more GRAVITY
Centered on a point, so much that nothing can escape.
Thought to give off energy (X-rays) as matter is “eaten”.
Black Holes
Hubble image
Artist rendition
Artist rendition
Above =artist rendition
Right = Crab nebula,
left over supernova with
pulsar inside.
Artist rendition
Hubble image of ancient Milky Way white dwarves.
(Ans: Our sun is
larger and cooler.)
Sun sized
Massive (3X mass of

sun....or more)
Massive
Super massive
Distance
Primary distance = light year
9.5 X 10E12 km (9.5 trillion km)
Definition = the distance light travels in one year.
Fun fact: Position of close stars is determined by parallax. Geometry! Want to be an astronomer? Study MATH!
Fun fact: Mass determined by using binary stars.
First one found? http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/08/110825-new-planet-diamond-pulsar-dwarf-star-space-science/#.TlhqI2gASil.email
Red Giant(4a) or Red Super Giant
Full transcript