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The Great Gatsby Project

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Catherine Hanafin

on 18 May 2015

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Transcript of The Great Gatsby Project

The Great Gatsby Project
The theme of the Great Gatsby is that you can't change or repeat the past. This theme is very popular and often used.
The mood in the novel is one that is bittersweet. The events the characters experience start off as joyful, but end in tragedy. In the beginning of the novel, the characters were full of hope and joy. However, by the end of the novel, the characters end up sad and lose hope.
Social Context
By Alexandra Bongiorno, Kelsey Colletti, Mary Grace Coltharp, Ciara O'Rourke, and Catherine Hanafin
English 3A
May 18, 2015

Bittersweet Symphony
'Cause it's a bittersweet symphony, this life
Try to make ends meet
You're a slave to money then you die
I'll take you down the only road I've ever been down
You know the one that takes you to the places
where all the veins meet yeah,

No change, I can change
I can change, I can change
But I'm here in my mold
I am here in my mold
But I'm a million different people
from one day to the next
I can't change my mold
No, no, no, no, no
Well I never pray
But tonight I'm on my knees yeah
I need to hear some sounds that recognize the pain in me, yeah
I let the melody shine, let it cleanse my mind, I feel free now
But the airways are clean and there's nobody singing to me now

No change, I can change
I can change, I can change
But I'm here in my mold
I am here in my mold
And I'm a million different people
from one day to the next
I can't change my mold
No, no, no, no, no
I can't change
I can't change

I can't change my mold
no, no, no, no, no,
I can't change
Can't change my body,
no, no, no

I'll take you down the only road I've ever been down
I'll take you down the only road I've ever been down
Been down
Ever been down
Ever been down
Ever been down
Ever been down
Have you ever been down?
Have you've ever been down?

'Cause it's a bittersweet symphony, this life
Try to make ends meet
Try to find some money then you die
I'll take you down the only road I've ever been down
You know the one that takes you to the places
where all the things meet yeah

You know I can change, I can change
I can change, I can change
But I'm here in my mold
I am here in my mold
And I'm a million different people
from one day to the next
I can't change my mold
No, no, no, no, no
Nick Carraway
Born in 1892 in Minnesota, Middle-West of the United States and later moves to New York to learn the bonds business
Strength: Deep thinker, good listener, and open minded
Weakness: judgemental character
If Nick were an animal he would be a owl
Jay Gatsby
A wealthy man that made his money through organized crime, fought in World War I in 1917, and has a love for Daisy Buchanan
Strength: intelligence
Weaknesses: his affection for Daisy
If Gatsby was an animal he would be a dog
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Was a heavy drinker throughout his life and his wife, Zelda Fitzgerald, had a mental breakdown
He used this novel to portray his feelings about the rich class
Nick represents how Fitzgerald sees himself
Gatsby represents how Fitzgerald think others see him
"The Call Of The Wild"
Changing The Past
The past is the past for a reason
That is where it is supposed to stay
But some cannot let it go
In their heads it eats away

Until all their focus becomes
The person that they used to be
The mistakes they made in their life
Oh, if only they could see

That you cannot change what happened
No matter how hard you try
No matter how much you think about it
No matter how much you cry

What happens in your lifetime
Happens for reasons unknown
So you have to let the cards unfold
Let your story be shown

Don't get wrapped up in the negative
Be happy with what you have been given
Live for today not tomorrow
Get up, get out and start living

Because the past is the past for a reason
It's been and now it is gone
So stop trying to think of ways to fix it
It's done, it's unchangeable, move on



The Great Gatsby, Gatsby
attempts to relive his past with Daisy and have a future with her, despite her already being married and having a child. He does not realize that he cannot have her anymore and continues to pursue her which eventually leads to his own destruction. The poem explains that the past must be left alone and cannot be repeated and the future is what needs to be focused on. This poem emphasizes the impossibility of correcting what has happened before and the necessity to continue into the future.
Shmoop Editorial Team. "The Great Gatsby Theme of Memory and the Past." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 17 May 2015.
"The LitCharts Study Guide to The Great Gatsby." LitCharts. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2015.
"The Great Gatsby: Theme Analysis." Novelguide. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2015.
Historical Context
January 10, 1920 – The League of Nations is established after the World War I, and despite Woodrow Wilson desperately wanting the United States to join, Senate votes against it.
August 18, 1920 – The 19th Amendment is passed giving women the right to vote.
September 17, 1920 – The American Professional Football League is founded with only 11 teams. In 1922, the name would be changed to the National Football League.
May 19, 1921 – A national quota act was passed in order to limit legal immigration. Prior to this, New York, itself was a center for immigrants, and even after the act was passed, continued to have a large immigrant population.
July 2, 1921 - President Warren G. Harding declared peace with Germany, Austria, and Hungary.
September 7-8, 1921 – The Miss America pagnent is held for the first time in New Jersey, announcing Margaret Gorman as the winner.
April 7, 1922 – As the Secretary of the Interior leases oil reserves in Wyoming, the Teapot Dome Scandal erupts.
May 5, 1922 – Yankee Stadium is being constructed.
March 2, 1923 – The first publication is Time Magazine.
April 15, 1923 – The first sound is captured on motion video.
January 25, 1924 - In the French Alps in Chamonix, France, the first winter Olympic Games take place with the US taking home four medals
February 14, 1924 – IBM is founded.
January 5, 1925 - Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes the first woman governor, and two weeks later Miriam Ferguson is announced as the second.
November 15, 1926 - The NBC Radio Network is formed by Westinghouse, General Electric, and RCA, opening with twenty-four stations. General Electric, Westinghouse, and RCA come together, and create NBC Radio Network.
March 5, 1927 – A Chinese Civil War breaks out, causing 1000 United States marines to go there to protect US interests.
April 22 to May 5, 1927 – 700,000 people are effected by the Great Mississippi flood.
May 20, 1927 - Charles Lindbergh takes his 33 and a half hour trip across the Atlantic to France.
October 4, 1927 - Work on Mount Rushmore begins. It will be completed 14 years later.
September 7, 1927 - American inventor Philo Taylor Farnsworth invents the first model of the television.
May 15, 1928 – Mickey and Minnie Mouse make their debut on a short film called Plane Crazy.
June 17, 1928 – Amelia Earhart flies across the Atlantic. Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly over the Atlantic Ocean.
December 21, 1928 – The Hoover Dam construction starts.
January 15, 1929 – Martin Luther King Jr. is born.
February 14, 1929 – St. Valentine’s Day Massacre
October 25, 1929 – The Teapot Dome Scandal ends as the Secretary of the Interior is convicted of taking a large bribe of $100,000.
October 29, 1929 – The Stock Market Crash

Blacks in the 1920's
Harlem Renaissance
Black culture was rampant throughout Harlem. African American writers, artists, and intellectuals gathered there in the 20’s, owning their African origins and using it as an identity to propel their creative minds. They were inspired by the struggle to be both blacks and Americans. And from that struggle arose a time of creative genius in Harlem through music, poetry, and other forms of literature.
Jazz Age
In Chicago, African Americans again arose by using improved musical instruments to create Jazz music.
American Foreign Relations
America rose to being a world power after World War I, and had a greater national income than Britain, Canada, France, Germany, and Japan combined.
Due to the United States’s successful status, many European powers (like France and Britain) refused to pay back war debts. The United States was adamant about compensation.
Eventually, an international committee came in, and made a compromise.
A New Type of Woman:

This song has many lyrics that directly relate to the mood of the novel.
First, the title of the song, "Bittersweet Symphony," describes the mood in the novel and how bittersweet the mood is.

"You're a slave to money then you die," - This lyric captures Gatsby's situation and story in one sentence. Gatsby was in love with money so much that he enslaved himself to it. Then, he did indeed die at the end of the novel. However this death happened even before his physical death. He died emotionally and mentally after his enslavement to money.
Explanation (Continued)
"I'll take you down the only road I've ever been down," - This lyric describes how Gatsby tries desperately to relive the past. He tried to take the road from the past rather than looking in the future.

"I can change, but I'm here in my mold," - This lyric describes Gatsby's determination to change who he was as Jay Gatz into the Great Jay Gatsby. He felt stuck in his mold as common and sought to alter himself for Daisy.
"But I'm a million different people from one day to the next," - This lyric describes how Gatsby had many different faces and identities. There was a plethora of ideas on who Gatsby really was.
• For most of us the first thing we think of when we hear "the Twenties" is flappers and alcohol.
• Flappers broke every social standard and disregarded every previously important gender role for themselves.
o drank and smoked
o shorter skirts and dresses
o said what they wanted to say, no matter how "un-ladylike"
o more "sexually free"
• For the most part, women of the Twenties only took up the flapper bobs and fashions, keeping their way of life.
• The 19th Amendment opened up the right to vote for women in addition to men. But it also introduced the ideas of gender equality in the workplace and eventually everywhere.
• With more women working and earning money, there were more consumers, and so started an age of consumerism, ease, and consequent debt.
• The availability of birth-control devices increased as the number of “liberated” women did.
• Household appliances and other technological advances gave women less to do at home and more opportunities to get a job.
• In 1928, 39% of the college degrees were granted to women.
• Even during the Greta Depression women's determination to be educated continued and was rewarded.
Money to Spare Meant Money to Spend
• Boom in consumer Goods such as...
 automatic washing machines
 vacuum cleaners
 clothing
 refrigerators
 radios
• Radios were the main form of nationwide communication and entertainment
• Pittsburgh's KDKA was the United States' first commercial radio station
• In 1923, three years after KDKA started on air, over 500 stations had joined all over the country.
• More than 12 million homes had their own radios by the close of the decade
• The movie theater was a major attraction of the time
• It has been approximated that, by the end of the 1920s, 3/4 of Americans went to the movies weekly
• from affordable luxury to necessity, the automobile dominated the streets of every city
• The Ford Model T cost $260 in 1924
• By 1929, the person to car ratio was 5:1
• The burst of automobile drivers necessitated service stations and motels
The Law Meant for Breaking
• In 1919, the only amendment to the constitution ever to eventually be repealed, the 18th amendment was ratified
• This new law banned everything to do with alcohol except the consumption of it
• The Volstead Act shut down every bar, pub, tavern, ad saloon in the country once it was passed in January, 1920
• These actions taken by the government, however, simply gave organized crime leaders a new pastime of bootlegging
• People didn't stop drinking, rather they found new ways to hide alcohol.
• Secret bars, called Speakeasies, sprang up everywhere with moonshine to give everyone plenty of accessibility to alcohol.
Music Reinvents Itself
• F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote Tales of the Jazz Age, another name for the Roaring Twenties
• To the older generations jazz music was an assault on morality but, to the younger generation, it symbolized all the freedom they adored.
• Dances like the Charleston, the cake walk, the black bottom, and the flea hop were the center of social life
• dance halls in big cities were the musical and social hub for when you didn't want to listen to music on your radio or phonograph
Tensions Rise Between Races
• The Great Migration was the shift of the African American population from the countries to the cities such as New York City
• The Harlem Renaissance is the phrase used to identify the surge in the relevance of black culture
• As a result the twenties saw hundreds of thousands joining the Ku Klux Klan
• To many the Klan would help them turn back time to a slower paced era
• Nativism and anti-immigrant feelings ran rampant in 1919 and 1920 as Communism (supposedly) threatened America.
• Segregation in schools and other public areas was still alive and well.
The Life of a Child
• Reforms improved the value put on education and attendance at school was sanctioned for the first time
• At home their well-being became the focus of the family unit
• Industrial jobs required more skilled, well-educated employees so they encouraged higher education
• Around 4 million students were enrolled in high school in 1926
• A major challenge of the public school system was the need to educate children who had immigrated from other countries
• The total cost of education in the mid-1920s was $2.7 billion dollars
The Conflict Between Science and Religion
•Fundamentalism was a movement which was based off an exact, less symbolic reading of the Bible
• Their beliefs inhibited them from accepting many scientific discoveries, including the theory of evolution
• Fundamentalist rejected the claim that humans were originally apes and eventually requested the teaching of evolution in schools be prohibited
• Billy Sunday, as he came to be known, and other fundamentalist preachers held religious revivals to stir the emotions of their followers
• The sizable controversy religious and scientific roles in public schools came to culmination in the Scopes Monkey Trial
Coles Phillips (1880-1927)
Analysis of the Piece
This magazine cover features a young woman, probably a flapper, lounging on a bench in the moonlight. Her dramatic make-up; bobbed, dark hair; and loose-fitting, knee-length dress were characteristic of this decade's "new woman." The glamorous woman encapsulates the apparent characters of Daisy and especially Jordan Baker. Vivaciously clad, the nameless persona eyes you knowingly as she sits nonchalantly with a clear indifference to the world. These traits are not unique to her but were adopted by many women of the time. The overall feel of the artwork, her seductive facial expression and carefree twirling of purple beads, and the inviting title "The Call of the Wild" give off an unmistakable air of sensuality and intrigue. The 1920s was an era of enticement and provocative charm as Fitzgerald related to his readers through the many parties Nick attended.
Social Context Bibliography
Consulted Works:
"Art, Music, and Literature of the 1920s." Framework for America's Past. Fast Track Teaching.com, n.d. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://www.fasttrackteaching.com/burns/Unit_8_1920s/U8_Cultural_1920s.html>.
Sanders, April. "Home Life in the 1920s." The Classroom. Synonym.com, n.d. Web. 17 May 2015. http://classroom.synonym.com/home-life-1920s-18988.html
Scott, Robert. "Religion." 1920-30.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2015. http://www.1920-30.com/religion/
Soard, Lori. "Teenagers in the 1920s." LoveToKnow. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://teens.lovetoknow.com/Teenagers_in_the_1920s>.
Works Cited:
Danzer, Gerald A. "Chapter 21 The Roaring Life If the 1920s." The Americans. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2003. 638-65. Print.
History.com Staff. "The Roaring Twenties." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2010. Web. 16 May 2015. <http://www.history.com/topics/roaring-twenties>.
Maher, May. "Very Rare Footage of New York City in 1920s." YouTube. YouTube, 13 Oct. 2013. Web. 17 May 2015. <
Platnick, Norm. "Coles Phillips." Coles Phillips. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://www.americanartarchives.com/phillips,c2.htm>.
Tomyn, Rosanne. "Women's Lifestyles in the 1920s & '30s." The Classroom. Synonym.com, n.d. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://classroom.synonym.com/womens-lifestyles-1920s-30s-21530.html>.
Plot and Conflict
Plot and Conflicts of The Great Gatsby
• The major conflict of The Great Gatsby is Gatsby’s struggle to relive the past and get Daisy back.
• Man vs. Self: Gatsby is trying to return to a version of himself that he prefers and that he was when he and daisy were together.
• Man vs. Self: part of Nick is disgusted with Gatsby’s lack of morals and misunderstanding of the past but another part of him admires and idolizes Gatsby’s determination and his glamorous lifestyle.
• Man vs. Self: Daisy, the most wishy-washy character in the story, could not bear to choose between loving Gatsby and loving Tom.
• Man vs Man: Examples of this type of conflict can be seen throughout the novel such as: George Wilson v. Gatsby, Tom Buchanan v. Gatsby, Daisy v. Tom, Nick v. Jordan, etc.
• Man vs. Society: Throughout the novel, Nick Carraway gives his take on the culture of New York City and by the end it is clear that in that conflict the city has won out.
More Sources
"American History: Foreign Policy During the
1920s." VOA. Web. 18 May 2015.
"America on the Move | New York Connected. "America on the Move | New York Connected. Web. 18 May 2015.

Plot and Conflicts of Les Miserables
• This novel, written by Victor Hugo, tells a story bursting with conflicts of every sort.
• Man vs. Self: Javert, a man of the law infatuated with a misguided idea of justice, is in a constant internal battle which struggles with the question of whether or not he is a good person, and in the end his realization that he was wrong ends results in his committing suicide.
• Man vs. Self: The protagonist’s story starts with him finally gaining his freedom after years of forced labor that was his (Valjean’s) punishment for stealing a loaf of bread and follows him as he tries to reinvent a better version of himself.
• Man vs. Self: Marius, after falling in love with Cosette at first sight, had to choose whether to fight in the revolution as he had planned and chance losing his life before ever meeting her or going through with his part in the revolution and hope he made it through.
• Man vs. Man: The Revolution is the perfect example of the commoners revolting against the aristocratic government which has never helped them.
• Man vs. Man: Jean Valjean and Javert, due to their opposing views on justice and the pre-book plot, are in conflict with each other from the very first scene
Plot and Conflicts
Works Cited
SparkNotes Editors. "The Great Gatsby--Key Facts." SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/gatsby/facts.html>.

SparkNotes Editors. "Les Miserables--Key Facts." SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/lesmis/facts.html>.

Consulted Works:

Docimo, Katherine. "Types Of Literary Conflicts." Storyboard That. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://www.storyboardthat.com/articles/education/types-of-literary-conflict>.
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