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Animal Cruelty Assesments

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Courtney Gallagher

on 18 December 2014

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Transcript of Animal Cruelty Assesments

AniCare
BIARE
Developed by Barbara Boat (University of Cincinnati Child Trauma Center)
Semi Structured inventory used as screening and information gathering instrument (self-report)
Addresses different aspects of previous animal related experiences:
Cruelty to animals
Killing of animals
Sexual encounters with animals
Not standardized or normed
CAAI
Developed by Frank Ascione of Utah State University
Semi structured interview format
Simply worded questions
Addresses severity, frequency, duration, recency & empathy
Addresses witnessing/performing cruelty/ kindness in four animal categories: farm, wild, pet & stray
Questions designed to be used as stand-alone questionnaire
4 years or older (children, parents & adults)
Requires extensive time to administer and code

Animal Cruelty Assessments
Animal Abuse
AARAT
Developed by Phil Tedeschi of the University of Denver
Not empirically based - DU is currently working on this
Looks at "dangerousness factors"
Appears to be part of an interview/risk assessment - filled out by clinician
Animal Abusers Interview and
Risk Assessment Tool
Boat Inventory on Animal-Related Experience
Children and Animals Assessment Instrument
CABTA
Children's Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Animals
CTAQ
Children's Treatment of Animals Questionnaire
Clinical Assessment of Juvenile Animal Cruelty
CAI
Cruelty to Animals Inventory
P.E.T. Scale of Measurement
Physical and Emotional Tormenting of Animals
"A set of behaviors that are harmful to animals, from unintentional neglect to intentional killing" - Human Society of the United States, 1999.
54% of battered women compared to 5% of non-battered women reported that their partner had hurt or killed animals (Ascione, 2000).
Colorado Link Project
: discuss the "link" between animal abuse and human physical/sexual abuse.

Risk Factors
Aggressive Behaviors
Lack of Empathy
Bullying
Lack of Behavioral Control
Foster Care Placement/Mandated Placement Outside of the Home
Substance Abuse
Poor Family Relationships
History of Fighting (within the past year)
And more...
Good Assessments Should...
Address many areas of functioning
Address risk factors
Be standardized and normed
Be relatively easy to administer and score
Provide an accurate estimation of the likelihood for future abusive behavior
Address possible community safety concerns
The following slides briefly review current tools in use today; the list of tools was provided by the Colorado Link Project
Developed by the Doris Day Animal Foundation and Society and Animal Institute
Adult and Child versions
Combine CBT and psychodynamic approaches
Provides suggestions for treatment and other assessment
http://www.animalsandsociety.org/pages/anicare
A psychological intervention program,
not
a risk assessment tool
Handbooks available; an option for
treatment
, not assessment.
Reliable and valid tool for detecting childhood cruelty to animals
Two factors:
Typical Cruelty
Malicious Cruelty
Parent-Report Questionnaire
Has been tested in USA, China and Malaysia and appears to be useful internationally
Developed by Kelly Thompson & Eleonora Gullone
Assesses children's behavior towards animals.
Constructed to assist in looking at the effect of humane education programs on children
Found boys score significantly lower than girls
Format
:
13 items:
3 point scale: often, sometimes, never
It is reliable (good test-retest)
Downfalls:
Age differences have not been explored




Developed by Mark Dadds
Developed as a brief parent and self-report measure of F.R. Ascione's 9 Parameters of Cruelty:
Developed by Anna C. Baldry of the Free University of Amsterdam
Short, closed-ended measure (5-point likert scales); Easy to self-administer to adolescents
Measures 9 items:
Indirect:
peer, adult, mother, father
Direct (physical and emotional abuse):

Bothering, tormenting, hitting, harming, or being cruel to an animal
Discloses the prevalence, severity, and type of physical and emotional tormenting of animals committed or witnessed
Limitations:
Does not include option to differentiate between types of animals
Was not developed for clinical diagnosis purposes
Severity: degree of intentional pain or injury caused to an animal
Frequency: number of separate acts
Duration: period of time over which acts occur
Recency: dimension based on most recent act(s)
Diversity: number of different categories of animals harmed / number of individual animals harmed within categories
Sentience: indication of animal's ability to experience pain
Empathy: degree of the child's remorse or concern
Covert: assessing child's attempt to conceal behavior
Isolate: assesses whether behavior occurred alone or with presence of other children / adults
F.R. Ascione's 9 Parameters of Cruelty:
Recommended Battery:
Interview
MMPI
AARAT (self-report)
PET (self-report)
CABTA (parent-report)
CAAI (interview format)
Checklist for Factors in the Assessment of Dangerousness in Perpetrators of Animals Cruelty
Developed by Shari Lewchanin & Ellen Zimmerman
Interviewer gathers information regarding child, environmental, familial, and situational factors, as well as motives for the mistreatment of animals
Appears to be an interview style assessment rather than a questionnaire
Lack of information available online - books available for purchase
DU's DenverFirst:
Clinical Interview (discuss offense, discuss empathy for the victim, review protective factors, history, etc.)
LS/RNR
MMPI
BAIRE (Boat)
AARAT
Checklist for Factors in the Assessment of Dangerousness in Perpetrators of Animal Cruelty
Full transcript