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Transcript of Pre-historic Europe
ANCIENT NEAR EAST
Arts played an important political role in the Ancient Near East
During this time in the early cities the arts that seemed to thrive were: Sculpture, Painting, Textiles, and Pottery
Most impressive surviving archaeological remains of the Sumerians' are their ziggurats (huge stepped structures topped with a temple or shrine)
My favorite structure from this period is the "Ishatar Gate", a symbol of Babylonian power
Egyptians brought prehistoric period to an end (creating hieroglyphic writing and other signs to represent sounds)
Culture included elaborate funerary practices, Rulers devoted huge sums to the design, construction, and decoration of pyramids and subterranean tombs
Egyptian art is: simplified, somewhat geometric, in appearance and the style is often abstract
Art and History in this era is divided into three periods: Old, Middle and New Kingdoms
My favorite egyptian historical art remnant is the Sphinx.
Scholars began systematic study of prehistory only about 200 years ago and much is still to be discovered
The people of this age were highly complex thinkers and had creative imaginations as we can see with the example of the "Lion Human" sculpture (Germany. 30,000-26,000 BCE)
During Pre-Historic Europe times, cave paintings were quite popular and were brought to light with the first discovery in Spain, 1879
The Skara Brae in Scotland has been wonderfully preserved to show a clear picture of Neolithic life in the north
A favorite of mine from this period: Stonehenge, a circle of stones/posts residing in Wiltshire, England
The Tabernacle was the main thing we studied about the Hebrew Art
The detail and description of the Tabernacle can be found in Exodus(25-31)
It's amazing to me how precise God was in giving instruction for it
The Tabernacle testified to the character of the Lord
It was all built according to his design
The three main cultures in the ancient Aegean were: Cycladic, Minoan, and Helladic
Cycladic people were engaged in agriculture, herding and some crafts and trade
Divided into two main periods (Old Palace Period and New Palace Period), the Minoan culture is interesting because until Sir Arthur Evans discovered ruins in 1900 CE on Cretes north coast it remained very much a mystery
The name for the Helladic people comes from 'Hellas' meaning Greece in the Greek language; the Helladic period lasted from 3000 to 1000 BCE
The Age of the Aegean Culture came to an end in the year 1000 BCE
Ancient Greek customs, institutions, and ideas have all had a great influence on countries all over the world
They were quite attentive to the detail that surrounded them and incorporated it into their art
The two distinct designs for their temples were the Doric order and Ionic order
During fourth century BCE, Artists began to develop new ideas for urban planning, temple design, and construction of tombs and altars
Art in Greece was often focused on the "ideal image" and heroic
The Romans adopted ideas of art from Greeks and Etruscans
They provided their own efficiency and practical genius for organization
Roman art served state and empire
The art of portraiture was enriched and further developed by Roman sculptors
Architects of Rome relied on the round arch and masonry vaulting
This painting was created from pigment that had been mixed with egg yolk. The color came out so nice; bold but soft. I really enjoyed this project because I found it neat that we could use a technique today that had originated back in Pre-Historic Europe.
extra credit project