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Temperate Woodland and Shrubland

Biome Project for Biology 2012
by

Lily Forehand

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Temperate Woodland and Shrubland

by Lily Forehand Temperate Woodland and Shrubland The temperate woodland and shrub land (chaparral) is located mostly in southern Europe, South Africa and Australia, with a small area along the Western Coast of the United States of America Geographical Location Southern Europe Australia Western Coast of the United States South Africa Climate & Weather Arid
Mild Winters
Summers up to 100 degrees
Droughts may occur The chaparral tends to get 10-17 inches of rain per year Animals develop camouflage.
Animals vary their diets.
Animals develop thicker coats during colder months. Soil is often nutrient deficient Abiotic Factors Leaves have waxy coating to retain moisture
Some leaves are needle-like to gather water from the air
Some leaves have flammable substances that help spread the fires Wildfires often occur. Biotic
Factors Drought is very common due to hot summers and low rainfall Horizontally spreading root systems help collect as much water as possible. Leaves have adaption such as hard or needle like leaves that retain moisture. Plants and Animals Animals may have challenges finding food and they must learn to vary their diet. They also must learn to survive off little water. Trees may be dwarfed which allows them to need less water. Coyote Pups King Protea Animals:
Jackal
Coyote
Bezoar goat
Plants:
Blue Oak
King Protea
Yucca Wiple
Poison Oak
Cacti
Eucalyptus Symbiotic Relationships Predator-Prey Mutualism Commensalism Cactus
Wren Chaparral
Shrubs Parasitism Sparrow
Hawks Insects The sparrow hawk acts as the predator, eating the insects which makes them the prey Blue Oak Common
Sagebrush Both work to make oxygen but do not hurt or harm one another. & Brewer's
Blackbirds Parasites Chaparral Shrubs give shelter to the cactus wren and the cactus wren does not hurt or help the shrubs Parasites feed on Brewer's blackbirds, helping the parasite and harming the bird. Conclusion The chaparral is a tough biome to survive in but through adaptations, abiotic factors and biotic factors, it is not impossible.
Coyote Pups
http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/imgs/128x192/8030_3192/4155/0028.jpeg

King Protea
http://www.proteasdelmar.cl/King%20Protea%20Pag.jpg

Map of the world
http://www.outline-world-map.com/outline-transparent-world-map-b1b Picture Citation Works Cited
Ackerman, Brennan. Johnson, Rachel. “Temperate Woodland and Shrubland (Chaparral) – 2.” ephsfoleybiomes. PBworks. 2009. <http://ephsfoleybiomes.pbworks.com/ w/page/9552171/Temperate%20Woodland%20and%20Shrubland%20%28Chaparral%29%20-%202>. 25 September 2012.
Biggs, Alton. Hagins, W. Et al. Biology. New York: Glencoe Science. 2007.
“Chaparral.”Kids Do Ecology. University of California Santa Barbara. 2004. <http://kids.nceas.ucsb.edu/biomes/chaparral.html>. 28 September 2012.
“Chaparral Biome.” Bioexpedition.com. <http://bioexpedition.com/chaparral-biome/>.
25 September 2012.
Fougere, Julien. Pamintuan, Kayla. “Chaparral Group C.” Cougar Biology. PBworks. <http://cougarbiology.pbworks.com/w/page/9016211/Chaparral%20Group%20C>.
28 September 2012.
“Information within the Chaparral Ecosystem.” Tripod.com.Tripod. <http://katybever0.tripod.com/id3.html>. 28 September 2012.
Smylie, James H. “Chaparral.” Encyclopedia Americana. 1994.
“Temperate Woodland and Shrubland.” Google Sites. <http://sites.google.come/site/mrhogansbiomes/temperate-woodland-and-shrubland?tmpl=%2Fsystem%...>. 25 September 2012.
ttp://www.outline-world-map.com/outline-transparent-world-map-b1b p://calphotos.berkeley.edu/imgs/128x192/8030_3192/4155/0028.jpeg //www.proteasdelmar.cl/King%20Protea%20Pag.jpg & & &
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