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Chapter 14 the Philippine-American War and Chapter 15 Results of the Philippine-American war
Transcript of Chapter 14 the Philippine-American War and Chapter 15 Results of the Philippine-American war
American War(1899-1902) Chapter 14 The "BENEVOLENT
Proclamation The Shot That Started The War On the night of February 4, 1899
Private Willie W. Grayson shot a
Filipino soldier. The Filipino answered
w/ rifle fire and the Philippine-American
War was on. The Fall of the Mabini Cabinet The Americans tried to win over the Filipinos by promising them freedom, Mabini said this was a trick but
his enemies like Pedro A. Paterno, Ambrosio, Felipe Beuncamino and others who belonged to wealthy and powerful enemy opposed him and accepted the Americans offer of autonomy.Since the group knew that
Mabini opposed to their views, they persuaded Aguinaldo to remove Mabini from the office. The Assasination of Luna Antonio Luna received a telegram from Cabanatuan saying that he was wanted there. When he reached Aguinaldo's headquarter's and did not find the president there, he got angry and then he heard a rifle shot, rushed downstairs,cursed the soldiers,and slapped one of them. A captain named Pedrong Kastila from Cavite , hacked Luna with a bolo and the other soldiers started hacking him as well, some even fired gunshots. He died saying"
Cowards! Assasins!" and have forty wounds in his body and head. The Kiram-Bates Treaty On August 2, 1899, an agreement was signe by the General Bates representing the United States, and the
Sultan of Jolo and his Datus reprsenting the Sulu Sultanate. Known as the Bates Treaty, provided the" Sovereignty of the United States over the whole archipelago of Sulu and its dependencies is declared acknowledge" and that " the rights of Sulu and its dignities if His Highness, the Sultan and his Datus shall be fully respected". Aguinaldo Retreats to Palanan With the death of General Luna,many field commanders were demoralized and a number of Aguinaldo's general surrendered to the enemy.Aguinaldo together with his selected men and his family fled to Pangasinan. Determined not to be captured.Aguinaldo walked to Tierra Virgen, Cagayan on September 6, 1900 , he and his men reachen Palanan. The Battle of Pasong Tirad Gregorio del Pilar give Aguinaldo sufficient time to widen the distance between the pursuing Americans. He delay the enemy at Pasong Tirad, a narrow pass of 4,500 feet where he had a good view of the surrounding country. The Filipino troops guarding the narrow pass fired at the Americans who had no recourse but to retreat. Unfortunately, an Igorot guided the Americans to a secret trail leading to Del Pilar's men and a fierce battle ensued and Del Pilar was killed by a bullet that passed through his neck. The Capture of Aguinaldo With the help of a Spaniard, Lazaro Segovia, who joined the Filipino forces against the Americans, Colonel Frederick Funston planned the capture of Aguinaldo. The spaniard led some men in Macabebe and pretended to have captured some American soldiers. Through courier they inform Aguinaldo.He was happy to hear the news. When Segovia arrived in the house of Aguinaldo he and his men signaled to their comrades to start firing. When Aguinaldo rushed to the window to see whats happening, Funston and his men told Aguinaldo to surrender. It was useless he said. The End Of Guerilla Welfare Upon Aguinaldo's capture many Filipino field commanders surrendered. However, there were still few Filipino generals who refused to give up the fight . The Americans tried to frighten the civilian by reconcentrating them in a place where food supply was supposedly assured.On February 27, 1902, they captured General Vicente Lukban in Samar and on April 16, 1902 General Malvar surrendered in order to save his people from the brutality of the enemy and hunger. Results of the
War Chapter 15 Filipino Casualties and Losses Historians find it difficult to give the exact figures of Filipinos who were killed in the battlefields and the number of casualties from the epidemics and in the reconcentration camp . But it was estimated that it could rise to a million . Filipinization of the Church The story of the birth of the Aglipayan church( Iglesia Filipino Independiente) is to a great extent the story of the struggle of the Filipino-clergy to Filipinize the Catholic Church in the Philippines. HISTORY OF IGLESIA FILIPINO INDEPENDIENTE Mabini and the National Church October 22,1899, Apolinario Mabini, by that time former foreign minister of the Philippines, issued a manifesto to the Filipino clergy calling for our own Filipino Independent Church.
Mabini saw a need for a Filipino Church, though still under the Vatican, that would work with the Revolutionary government. During the Spanish Era, the clergy in the Philippines were mostly Spanish Friars. Mabini wanted a clergy with Filipino officials from the top position down to the rank and file, A clergy with Spanish Friars would not benefit the ongoing revolution. Converts to the New Church In 1902, fourteen Filipino priests affiliated with the new Church. Other Filipino priests followed suit, especially in Ilocos Norte. More followers came later to swell the ranks of the Philippine Independent Church. Consecration of Aglipay as Bishop On January 18, 1903, Aglipay s appointed Supreme Bishop of the Philippine
Independent Church by the bishops of Manila, Cavite
, Nueva Ecija, Isabela, Cagayan, Pangasinan, and Abra. Importance of The New Church The Iglesia Filipina Independiente, popularly known as the Aglipayan Church, was a child of the Revolution. As such, it was in line with the nationalist spirit that dominated Filipinp patriots who fought not only for political, but also for relegious independence. The Disposition of the Friar Lands The revolutionary government in Malolos confiscated the friar lands, but these went to those who could present security in cash or kind. Aglipay Becomes Military Vice-General On October 20, 1898 he was appointed Military Vicar General of the revolutionaries.
The next day, Aglipay sent a letter to various clergy asking them to ask the
Pope to appoint Filipinos in all local church positions. The National Church is a concept of a Christian church associated with a specific ethnic group or nation state. The idea was notably discussed during the 19th century, during the emergence of modern nationalism. Submitted by: Rhian Dhae Sarsaba
Florentino THE END