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Julius Caesar - Pre-Reading

An introduction to the historical Julius Caesar and to Shakespearean drama
by

Jason Flanagan

on 29 March 2014

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Transcript of Julius Caesar - Pre-Reading

Men in general are quick
to believe that which
they wish to be true.
William
Shakespeare's

"Julius Caesar"
The Life and Times of Julius Caesar
Watch the film. Then watch it again, but this time answer the 10 questions on the worksheet.
History
Major Subjects of JC
The Mob
Honor
The Roman people play a pivotal role in the play.
Who in the play is truly a honorable man?
The Art of Persuasion
Persuasion is used frequently in the play.
As you read, be sure to consider these subjects as you read. We will revisit these subjects and develop possible themes around each subject.
You must do a mini-research report on one of the major characters of the play EXCLUDING Caesar:
Brutus
Cassius
Antony
Octavius (Augustus Casesar)
You must use at least three credible sources, which must listed in a works cited page.
The assignment must be posted on Edmodo by Friday, April 20.
Homework
Mini-Lesson
Students will use a systematic process for recording and documenting information in order to compose a research paper.
Indicator 2.3.3
Sometimes an annotated bibliography may be called for, which only lists the research sources, but also includes a brief summary of each source.
Bibliographies and Stuff
FYI
Each citation in a research report must have a matching entry in the bibliography or works cited page at the end of the paper, in which complete information is provided about how to find the source cited. A citation in the text means nothing without its corresponding reference listing.
Make sure that you are clear about the type of research source list you must include with your research report, and look up proper conventions and formatting to use in the guide for the style you are using.
Research Sources
Reference books (dictionaries, encyclopedias, and almanacs)
Periodicals (journal and magazines)
Audio and video collections
Internet and the World Wide Web
First hand research and interviews
So you're writing a report.......
Find the sources you need for your report
The first skateboards were actually like homemade scooters. They were made almost a hundred years ago, in the early 1900s. Kids would remove the wheels from their roller skates and fasten them onto boards. They would mount a wooden crate on the front of the board. Handles attached to the crate made the scooters (or skateboards) easier to control and steer.
* Fill in the graphic organizer
Main Idea
Supporting Detail #1
Supporting Detail #2
Supporting Detail #3

The first skateboards were really
homemade scooters.
Handles were also
added so the
skateboard/
scooters could
be steered.
They were made
adding by roller-
skate wheels
and crates to
Boards.
The first skate-
board scooters
were made in
The early
1900s.
Let’s
Practice!
The Big Picture
Read the paragraph on the handout, then answer the questions that follow. You can also access the paragraph at
1. In his research paper, Terry wants to write about the idea that the ancient art of boat building may be endangered in the Native American community. Which fact should be included in his notes?
A. Bruce Cook’s model was three feet long.
B. Bruce Cook is an artist who was raised in Alaska.
C. Students learned about the cedar tree in science class.
D. Few people know how to build canoes in the traditional way.
2. If Terry’s focus is the art of boat building, which fact is least important to include in his notes?
A. The location of Mercer Island
B. The names of tools used to shape wood
C. How a traditional canoe looks when it is finished
D. How Native Americans teach their children to make canoes
Quiz
https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id=1GHbLWHZVi2WAGDg7dv8VCYhIruEfaPBNuPRlXkzprzU
The answer is D.
The answer is A.
A bibliography (or a works consulted page) is a list of all works that were a part of the research and are pertinent to the subject, even though some may not be cited in the text.
A works cited page (reference page) lists only works cited in the text.
Doesn't need a citation
Main idea
Supporting Details
These must be documented
In order to write a report,
you need to find outside information
.
You must cite (show) where you got the information from.

Therefore, you must document (write down) the sources you used.
Document your sources
Taking notes and organizing information
Within the source, locate the information you need
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/
Here's a site that is helpful with citations:
One more time: If it's common knowledge, a summary or your opinion, you do not need to document it.
But if it's something you got from somewhere else (Web site, book, interview), you must source it!
Web site
Marshall, Leon. "Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest." National
Geographic.com. 9 Feb. 2001. 13 Mar. 2003
<http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2001/02/0209_mandela.html>.

Book
Collins, Ronald K.L., and David M. Skover. The Trials of Lenny Bruce: The Fall and Rise of an
American Icon. Naperville, IL: Sourcebooks, 2002.

Newspaper
Continelli, Louise. "A Place for Owls to Heal." Buffalo News 12 Jan. 2003: C2.

Interview
Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. 11 Jan. 2006.
Examples
Research
Shakespearean Tragedy
A tragedy is a play where a series of actions leads to the downfall of the tragic hero, a character who starts at a good place but eventually loses out, usually in death.
Tragedy and the Tragic Hero
In this tragedy, Romeo and Juliet are well-to-do teenagers from rival families. They fall in love, but tragic events lead to their untimely deaths.
Romeo and Juliet
Tragic Heroes
Romeo and Juliet
Prince Hamlet learns that his father was killed by Hamlet's uncle, who is now the king. Hamlet plots revenge, eventually killing the king, but he and others sadly lose thier lives in the process.
Hamlet
Tragic Hero
Hamlet
By the way, the tragic hero isn't necessarily a "hero" by our standards. A tragic "hero" may not be a Superman-esque character.
Macbeth is a nobleman who is persuaded by his wife to kill the king of Scotland and take over the country. He does so, but his guilt and the king's son eventually lead to Macbeth's death.
Macbeth
Tragic Hero
Macbeth
Who will be the tragic hero in the play Julius Caesar?
Traits of a tragic hero
possess importance or high rank
exhibit extraordinary talents
display a tragic flaw - an error in judgment that leads to downfall
faces downfall with courage and dignity.
A soliloquy is when a character is alone on stage and speaks aloud his or her thoughts. This allows the audience to know the character's thoughts and intentions.
Soliloquy
Romeo: "What light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun!"
Our star-crossed lover is telling us he sees Juliet, and begins to profess his love for her. This soliloquy is followed by one from Juliet, who argues that their last nmames shouldn't keep them apart
:
Juliet: What's in a name? That
which we call a rose would
smell just as sweet.
Romeo and Juliet
Hamlet
Hamlet: "To be, or not to be; that is the question."
This is the begining of arguably the most famous soliloquy, as Hamelt ponders about life and death, and whether it is worthwhile to live a life of pain and stress or to give up and die.
Macbeth: Is this a dagger which I see before me, the handle towards my hand? Come, let me clutch thee.
Macbeth
In this soliloquy, Macbeth is contemplating whether or not to kill Duncan. The imaginary dagger symbolizes the decision that he must make.
Pay attention to when characters are alone and speaking!
For a soliloquy to work, the character must be alone on stage, and while it may appear he or she is talking to the audience, the character is really just thinking aloud.
Many famous quotes come from soliloquies.
Dramatic irony is when the audience or viewer knows something that the character(s) do not.
Dramatic Irony
There are types of irony - situational and verbal - but for this unit, stay forced on dramatic irony.
Can you identify the dramatic irony going on in this clip? (Hint: Spiderman and the Green Goblin)
It's ironic because we know that Peter Parker/Spiderman is hanging from the ceiling, but the bad guy, Osborn (Green Goblin) doesn't know this information.
Can you consider our knowledge of history an example of dramatic irony, since we know right away that Caesar will die in this play?
All the world's a stage,
and all the men and women merely players:
they have their exits and their entrances;
and one man in his time plays many parts,
his acts being seven ages.
Dramatic irony is when the audience or viewer knows something that the charcter(s) do not.
Blank Verse
There are types of irony - situational and verbal - but for this unit, stay forced on dramatic irony.
Can you identify the dramatic irony going on in this clip? (Hint: Spiderman and the Green Goblin)
It's ironic because we know that Peter Parker/Spiderman is hanging from the ceiling, but the bad guy, Osborn (Green Goblin) doesn't know this information.
Can you consider our knowledge of history an example of dramatic irony, since we know right away that Caesar will die in this play?
Name a movie where the good guy dies at the end.
Someone to represent the good guy.
Someone to represent when the good guy is on top
Someone to represent when the good guy is at the bottom
Someone to represent the thing that messes up the good guy.
Someone to represent a moment in the movie where someone speaks what's on their mind.
Someone to represent a point in the movie where we know something that a character doesn't.
Tragic hero
Tragic flaw
Soliloquy
Dramatic irony
Starts high
Ends low
July
Kaiser
Caesarian section
Czar (tzar)
Caesar salad
Cesar
Words inspired by Julius Caesar:
Preview of Act 1
Now onto to Act 1!
http://prezi.com/au95oiymqxtm/julius-caesar-act-1/?auth_key=c504660fa89a0f447ebe043c3d0de99d94aa92f1&kw=view-au95oiymqxtm&rc=ref-1585091
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