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Academic Writing:

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by

Gabriel Bravo

on 22 November 2013

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Transcript of Academic Writing:

Academic Writing:
Analyzing vs. Summarizing

As a college student myself...
...I understand your worries with academic writing.
Academic writing can be intimidating...
We think of...
Long, never-ending essays
Complicated formatting requirements
And, yes, "ruthless" teachers
It can also be frustrating...
Especially when professors don't give specific requirements...
Or when they don't explain their corrections...
Why?
But my experience tells me that, regardless of their differences, all professors at
Syracuse University
expect their students to show an understanding and an analysis in their writing assignments.
So, in order to succeed in your academic writing assignments at
Syracuse University
...
You'll have to learn the difference between
SUMMARIZING
and
ANALYZING
!
Yet, many of us confuse
analyzing
with
summarizing
...

Unfortunately, when assigned an essay or paper...

many of us tend to
SUMMARIZE
the topic or article being discussed.
We simply present a series of facts...
We create a list of consecutive or chronological events...
This can be problematic because we are not proving that we understand the topic.
By
summarizing...
We are not answering
WHY
certain facts or quotes are
IMPORTANT
And we are not making
CONNECTIONS
We are just making
SHALLOW

OBSERVATIONS

And professors don't really like this...
In this paper, the student
just mentioned
and
"plugged-in"
some facts and statements
without going into details
.
He
did not connect
concepts or
explain
their importance.
He

wrote a
summary
of the topic.
But, as shown, the professor was looking for an
analysis
.
And, most commonly, we "plug-in" some quotes without explaining or interpreting them.
So, in order to write a good essay (or paper) and receive a good grade...
You'll have to include your
ANALYSIS
of the topic!
By:

Gabriel Bravo

Writing analytically may sound complicated...
...but it is actually pretty simple and manageable.
While a summary usually involves plotting events or stating facts on a subject matter...
...an analysis requires you to
interpret
and give your
thoughts
on those facts and events.
An
analysis
involves that you
examine in detail
and
explain
the evidence you are presenting to support a topic or an argument.

The following video will help you visualize and understand the process of
writing analytically.
As the video shows, when given a writing assignment in college, you
must identify
which facts or quotes you are going to include in order
to support your argument or topic
.
You then must
INTERROGATE
and
INTERPRET
those facts or quotes.
When writing analytically, you need to ask and answer questions such as:
Why must a certain fact or quote be included?
Why is it important? Why does it matter?
How does the fact or quote relate to the topic or article?
Can I find or make any connections?
Do I agree or disagree? What is my opinion?
Here is an example of analytical writing...
For this paper, I was supposed to analyze and discuss the concept of discourse communities using various articles read in class.
I did not only
summarize
the article's argument and include a quote...
... but I also
interpreted
it (the quote) and made
connections
with my own claim.
Tip:
After writing a quote, it is usually helpful to explain it by starting your analysis with words or phrases such as
"In other words
,
" "that is
,
" "hence
,
" "thus
,
"
etc.

As seen in my example, there is always a "place" for summary in academic writing...
... but you should concentrate on
evaluating
and
explaining
the topic or evidence you present!

In conclusion....
Even though writing an analysis may seem difficult and complicated...
... it is actually quite easy and, in a way, logical!
When writing analytically, it is important to remember that one must
explain
and
interpret

in detail
the quotes or facts that one decides to include in the assignment.
When explaining these facts or quotes, it is helpful to
ask
and
answer
questions such as:
How?
or
Why?
As a college student, I know academic writing may be overwhelming...
... I also know it can be quite difficult to deal with the differences between teachers, classes, and assignments.
But I can assure you that if you learn the difference between
analyzing
and
summarizing
, you will succeed in your college writing assignments.
If you want further information about the differences between
analyzing
and
summarizing,
the following video is extremely helpful.
Works Cited
CNEHWellington. “How to Write 2: Analysis.” Online video clip.
YouTube
. YouTube, 1 Mar. 2013. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.

DanielleMThompson. "Help with Fiction part 2: Summary vs Analysis." Online video clip.
YouTube
. YouTube, 26
Aug. 2011. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.

Image 1. Web image.
Education Portal
. Education-Portal.com, 6 July 2011. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://education-
portal.com/articles/Researchers_Find_Ways_to_Combat_Student_Stress.html>.

Image 2. Web image.
Appian Insight
. Appian, 17 July 2012. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.appian.com/blog/
bpm-for-government/avoiding-the-two-biggest-mistakes-in-software-tco-analysi>.

Image 3. Web image.
Dronkers Solutions
. Dronkers Solutions, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. <http://www.bevexcel.com/
services/free-marketing-analysis/>.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=WmlPEscHywM
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Full transcript