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Transcript of Academic Writing:
Analyzing vs. Summarizing
As a college student myself...
...I understand your worries with academic writing.
Academic writing can be intimidating...
We think of...
Long, never-ending essays
Complicated formatting requirements
And, yes, "ruthless" teachers
It can also be frustrating...
Especially when professors don't give specific requirements...
Or when they don't explain their corrections...
But my experience tells me that, regardless of their differences, all professors at
expect their students to show an understanding and an analysis in their writing assignments.
So, in order to succeed in your academic writing assignments at
You'll have to learn the difference between
Yet, many of us confuse
Unfortunately, when assigned an essay or paper...
many of us tend to
the topic or article being discussed.
We simply present a series of facts...
We create a list of consecutive or chronological events...
This can be problematic because we are not proving that we understand the topic.
We are not answering
certain facts or quotes are
And we are not making
We are just making
And professors don't really like this...
In this paper, the student
some facts and statements
without going into details
did not connect
of the topic.
But, as shown, the professor was looking for an
And, most commonly, we "plug-in" some quotes without explaining or interpreting them.
So, in order to write a good essay (or paper) and receive a good grade...
You'll have to include your
of the topic!
Writing analytically may sound complicated...
...but it is actually pretty simple and manageable.
While a summary usually involves plotting events or stating facts on a subject matter...
...an analysis requires you to
and give your
on those facts and events.
involves that you
examine in detail
the evidence you are presenting to support a topic or an argument.
The following video will help you visualize and understand the process of
As the video shows, when given a writing assignment in college, you
which facts or quotes you are going to include in order
to support your argument or topic
You then must
those facts or quotes.
When writing analytically, you need to ask and answer questions such as:
Why must a certain fact or quote be included?
Why is it important? Why does it matter?
How does the fact or quote relate to the topic or article?
Can I find or make any connections?
Do I agree or disagree? What is my opinion?
Here is an example of analytical writing...
For this paper, I was supposed to analyze and discuss the concept of discourse communities using various articles read in class.
I did not only
the article's argument and include a quote...
... but I also
it (the quote) and made
with my own claim.
After writing a quote, it is usually helpful to explain it by starting your analysis with words or phrases such as
"In other words
" "that is
As seen in my example, there is always a "place" for summary in academic writing...
... but you should concentrate on
the topic or evidence you present!
Even though writing an analysis may seem difficult and complicated...
... it is actually quite easy and, in a way, logical!
When writing analytically, it is important to remember that one must
the quotes or facts that one decides to include in the assignment.
When explaining these facts or quotes, it is helpful to
questions such as:
As a college student, I know academic writing may be overwhelming...
... I also know it can be quite difficult to deal with the differences between teachers, classes, and assignments.
But I can assure you that if you learn the difference between
, you will succeed in your college writing assignments.
If you want further information about the differences between
the following video is extremely helpful.
CNEHWellington. “How to Write 2: Analysis.” Online video clip.
. YouTube, 1 Mar. 2013. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
DanielleMThompson. "Help with Fiction part 2: Summary vs Analysis." Online video clip.
. YouTube, 26
Aug. 2011. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.
Image 1. Web image.
. Education-Portal.com, 6 July 2011. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. <http://education-
Image 2. Web image.
. Appian, 17 July 2012. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.appian.com/blog/
Image 3. Web image.
. Dronkers Solutions, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. <http://www.bevexcel.com/