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Five Phase Approach to Study of Multicultural Literature
Transcript of Five Phase Approach to Study of Multicultural Literature
Oral Storytelling Styles from Africa
Why tell stories instead of read them?
All cultures tell stories
In Africa storytelling is highly developed
Ways to begin and end stories
Wings to Fly: Involving Children with African American Literature
Folklore of the
Similarities and differences between
African and African American folklore
Activity: Ask students to id and discuss traditional values found in the stories as they are placed on the web
Phase 3: Historical Nonfiction and Phase 4: Historical Fiction
Developing a Multicultural Study of African American Historical Fiction and Biography
Analyze the role of traditional values
Evaluate the settings, conflicts, characterizations, themes, and authors' style
Authenticate referring to historical events
Provide personal response
Books to Use
Moses: When Harriet Tubman Led Her People to Freedom
The Black Americans: A History in Their Own Words
The Drinking Gourd
The Slave Dancer
A Girl Called Boy
Amos Fortune, Free Man
The African American Family Album
Reading and Comparing African American Literature Chosen by Children's Book Authors
African American authors' favorite books
Students pick an author and a book
What about the book encouraged and inspired the author?
May read a book by the author
Passages as support
Five Phase Approach to the Study of Multicultural Literature: Applied to African American Literature
Phase 1: Traditional Literature (Generalizations and Broad Views)
Phase 2: Traditional Tales from One Area (Narrower View)
Phase 3: Historical Nonfiction
Phase 4: Historical Fiction
Phase 5: Contemporary Literature
Once upon a
time...? or Listen let me tell the story of...?
Ways to Begin...
Ways to End...
...and they all lived happily ever after? or ...Mahezu (finished)?
Activity: Develop a chart comparing locations and their openings
Activity: Explore which endings are used for which types of stories
Stories to Use
A Story, A Story: An African Tale
Anansi Does the Impossible: An Ashanti Tale
Who's in Rabbit's House?
Why Mosquitoes Buzz in People's Ears
Students develop their own stories
Discuss repetitive language
Present as a play or reader's-theater
Webbing traditional values
Discussing African American folktales that show European
African American Folktales with European Influences
Much of this information will be found in author's notes
Activity: Read various versions identifying elements that
show it is from a particular culture
Stories to Use
The People Could Fly: American Black Folktales
Jump: The Adventures of Brer Rabbit
Flossie and the Fox
The Adventures of John High the Conqueror
The Faithful Friend
Tops and Bottoms
Compare African and African American folktales? Explain the differences and similarities.
Oral storytelling traditions- same and different? Why?
Use characteristics of African American folklore in a literary folktale
Time Period: Slavery
Prepare: Pictures, art, music, writing of the period
Read 1 historical fiction and discuss language, conflicts, characters, attitudes
Similar discussions for biographies
Fact check with info books
Focus: Themes and
Creative dramatizations and role-playing
Personal response through writing, art, and music
Interview African American families and develop a history
Research the role of African Americans in your community
Research and debate the historical accuracy of artifacts and stories associated with the Underground Railroad
Time Period: Civil Rights
Research and Writing Connection
Using music to develop an understanding of civil rights
How might Nelson Mandela's philosophies help other countries
Personal responses through dialogue
Literary and artistic expansion