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Five Phase Approach to Study of Multicultural Literature

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Michelle Blank

on 23 June 2015

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Transcript of Five Phase Approach to Study of Multicultural Literature

Phase 1:
Traditional Literature
Oral Storytelling Styles from Africa

Why tell stories instead of read them?

All cultures tell stories

In Africa storytelling is highly developed
Repetitive language
Audience interaction

Ways to begin and end stories
Wings to Fly: Involving Children with African American Literature
Phase 2:
Folklore of the
American South

Similarities and differences between
African and African American folklore

Activity: Ask students to id and discuss traditional values found in the stories as they are placed on the web

Phase 3: Historical Nonfiction and Phase 4: Historical Fiction
Developing a Multicultural Study of African American Historical Fiction and Biography
Analyze the role of traditional values
Evaluate the settings, conflicts, characterizations, themes, and authors' style
Authenticate referring to historical events
Provide personal response
Books to Use
Moses: When Harriet Tubman Led Her People to Freedom
The Black Americans: A History in Their Own Words
The Drinking Gourd
The Slave Dancer
A Girl Called Boy
Amos Fortune, Free Man
The African American Family Album
Phase 5:
Contemporary Literature
Reading and Comparing African American Literature Chosen by Children's Book Authors

African American authors' favorite books

Students pick an author and a book
What about the book encouraged and inspired the author?
May read a book by the author
Passages as support
Five Phase Approach to the Study of Multicultural Literature: Applied to African American Literature
Phase 1: Traditional Literature (Generalizations and Broad Views)
Phase 2: Traditional Tales from One Area (Narrower View)
Phase 3: Historical Nonfiction
Phase 4: Historical Fiction
Phase 5: Contemporary Literature
Once upon a
time...? or Listen let me tell the story of...?
Ways to Begin...
Ways to End...
...and they all lived happily ever after? or ...Mahezu (finished)?
Activity: Develop a chart comparing locations and their openings
Activity: Explore which endings are used for which types of stories
Stories to Use
A Story, A Story: An African Tale

Anansi Does the Impossible: An Ashanti Tale

Who's in Rabbit's House?

Why Mosquitoes Buzz in People's Ears
Additional Activities
Students develop their own stories
Use instruments
Discuss repetitive language
Present as a play or reader's-theater
Webbing traditional values

Discussing African American folktales that show European
Traditional Values
African American Folktales with European Influences
Much of this information will be found in author's notes

Activity: Read various versions identifying elements that
show it is from a particular culture
Stories to Use
The People Could Fly: American Black Folktales
Jump: The Adventures of Brer Rabbit
John Henry
Flossie and the Fox
The Adventures of John High the Conqueror
The Faithful Friend
Tops and Bottoms
Additional Activities
Compare African and African American folktales? Explain the differences and similarities.
Oral storytelling traditions- same and different? Why?
Use characteristics of African American folklore in a literary folktale
Time Period: Slavery
Prepare: Pictures, art, music, writing of the period

Read 1 historical fiction and discuss language, conflicts, characters, attitudes

Time Period:
Slavery cont.
Similar discussions for biographies

Fact check with info books

Focus: Themes and

Creative dramatizations and role-playing

Library research

Personal response through writing, art, and music
Additional Activities
Interview African American families and develop a history
Research the role of African Americans in your community
Research and debate the historical accuracy of artifacts and stories associated with the Underground Railroad
Time Period: Civil Rights
Research and Writing Connection
Using music to develop an understanding of civil rights

How might Nelson Mandela's philosophies help other countries
Additional Activities
Personal responses through dialogue
Library research
Literary and artistic expansion
Full transcript