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Important Battles of the Civil War

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Paroma Lahiri

on 1 March 2013

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Transcript of Important Battles of the Civil War

By Paroma Lahiri & Heidi Zahnleuter Important Battles of the Civil War Fort Sumter Bibliography One of the first shots of the Civil War was fired at Fort Sumter. One of the longest and deadliest battles in the Civil War. Fredericksburg The Gettysburg Address Antietam Located on a 200 ft bluff above the Mississippi River
Summer of 1862
Capturing it would take out the Confederacy east of the Mississippi river and open it to traffic The Battle of Vicksburg The Confederate Army attacked Fort Sumter for 34 hours with shells and other artillery. The Fort was made of wood so mostly all of it was burned down by the time the Confederate Army stopped firing. The Battle of Gettysburg Union victory
July 1st - 3rd, 1863
Robert E. Lee- Confederacy
George G. Meade- Union
It was the bloodiest battle in American History
It was Robert E. Lee's second attempt to invade the North.
It inspired Lincoln to write the Gettysburg Address During the firing, the American Flag that was on the flagpole got beat up. When the Union left Fort Sumter, they were allowed to take the flag with them. 300 barrels of ammunition, which got destroyed, was stored at Fort Sumter. This led to ammunition loss for the anti-slavery side. Fort Sumter is located on an island south of Charleston, South Carolina Emancipation Proclamation Emancipate means "to free" President Lincoln wrote the document, which stated the slaves in Confederate States fighting the Union were now free. This united the African Americans in support of the war. 1st Battle of Bull Run Fought on July 16, 1861 Both sides came into the battle thinking they would easily win. This battle was an early sign that the Civil War would be long and costly. Bull Run is a river located just north of Manassas, Vigrinia This was the first major battle that took place in Virginia and the first major land battle in the Civil War. The Union side started the battle with about 28,450 soldiers. They ended the battle with2,896 casualties. The Confederate side started with about 32,230 soldiers and ended with about 1,982 casualties.
The war became a reality for many civilians. This was a Confederate Victory.
This victory shocked the North and gave the South more confidence. •





"The Battle of Fort Sumter." The Civil War. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. <http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/battle-fort-sumter.htm>. "Union (Fort Sumter) Flag | Patriot Week." Patriot Week. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. <http://patriotweek.org/union-fort-sumter-flag/>. "First Shot of the Civil War." The Civil War. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. <http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/major-anderson-ft-sumter_Dir/first-shot-civil-war.htm>.
"Confederate Flag." The Civil War. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. <http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/Confederate_Flag.htm>. Historians say no one died in this attack, which is a surprise. This was a Confederate Victory The battle lasted a few days: December 11 - 15, 1862 The Major General for the Union was Ambrose E. Burnside. The general for the Confederates was Robert E. Lee "Ambrose E. Burnside." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/ambrose-burnside.html>. •





"Robert E. Lee." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/robert-e-lee.html>. The Union started the battle with 100,007 soldiers, but they suffered about 13,353 casualties by the end of the war. The Confederates began the battle with about 72,497 soldiers and ended with 4,576 soldiers either killed, wounded, or missing in action. This attack went from April 12-April 14, 1861 Appomattox Campaign It was made to increase devotion to the cause of the Civil War
Lincoln was saying that the soldiers who have died have not died in vain, and that the Union had to push forward and fight harder to win the war
Charles Sumner stated "The world noted at once what he said, and will never cease to remember it. The battle itself was less important than the speech." Sherman's March to the Sea Essential Question Also known as Marye’s Heights General Sherman thought it was more of a statement than a war tactic.
It showed the Union had power the Confederacy could not take away.
The army marched from Atlanta eastward, destroying everything in their paths
Their strategy worked, the southerners were frightened of them. Went from September 16 to September 18, 1862 This battle was at Antietam Creek, which is near Sharpsburg, Maryland Antietam Creek Sharpsburg, MD " Burnside Bridge 1836, Antietam National Battlefield, Washington County." Welcome to Maryland State Highway Administration. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.sha.maryland.gov/Index.aspx?PageId=259>. The American Civil War was the bloodiest war in American history. The battle of Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle. There were over 50,000 casualties. Part of the reason casualties were high is because medical care was not very good. Soldiers who were wounded often died because they did not have access to good medical care. Also, the North and the South needed each other to make money, and their supplies were cut off when the war began. Sometimes they didn't have enough ammunition, while other times they didn't have enough food to last a while. The strategic part of the war seemed to be to round up as many men as possible and send them out to a field to fight. They were not highly trained and they were young. Many of the young soldiers got homesick, tired, hungry, and weak. The strategy of the war seemed like total war, which is to destroy anything that could be useful to the enemy. This loss of homes, livestock and other food caused many deaths. This can account for many of the casualties during the Civil War. Also, the soldiers didn't have much in the way of protection. They didn't have helmets, decent footwear, or any sort of armor to protect themselves. Lastly, many people were willing to fight because they strongly believed in their cause.
1863, August, and the war.. "Gettysburg Address - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gettysburg_Address>.

Carolina, Michael B. BallardUniversity of North, Chapel Hill, and 2004. "Battle of Vicksburg - Summary Facts Of Siege." History Net: Where History Comes Alive - World & US History Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-vicksburg>.

"Cosmic America » Reactions to the Battle of Gettysburg." Cosmic America. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://cosmicamerica.com/2012/06/04/reactions-to-the-battle-of-gettysburg/>.

"Gettysburg Battle American Civil War July 1863." American Civil War History Timelines Battle Map Pictures. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://americancivilwar.com/getty.html>.

"Historic postcards of Appomattox City - Appomattox Court House National Historical Park." U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.nps.gov/apco/historyculture/historic-postcards-of-appomattox-city.htm>.

"New Georgia Encyclopedia: Sherman's March to the Sea." New Georgia Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-641>.

"Siege of Vicksburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Vicksburg>.

State. "The Battle of Bull Run Summary & Facts | Civilwar.org." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/bullrun.html?tab=facts>.

"The Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln." NetINS Showcase. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://showcase.netins.net/web/creative/lincoln/speeches/gettysburg.htm>.
State. "The Battle of Gettysburg Summary & Facts | Civilwar.org." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/gettysburg.html>.
importantly, more, he launched a campaign in Georgia that was defined as “modern warfare”, brought “total destruction…upon the civilian population in the path of the advancing columns [of his armies].” Commanding three armies, and under George Henry Thomas. "William T. Sherman." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/william-t-sherman.html>. A Confederate soldier General Jackson was nicknamed "Stonewall" Jackson because he stood firm and stubbornly refused to retreat to the south. They said he stood solid like a stone wall. The Union Army was led by Major General George B. McClellan.
The Confederate Army was led by General Robert E. Lee. Even though there was no official winner of this battle, the north gained a strategic advantage. Lee was forced to retreat back across the Potomac River., which is in Maryland. President Lincoln saw this retreat as significant and he issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation on Sept. 22,1862. The Union side attacked first. In this battle 9,540 Union soldiers were wounded and 2,108 were killed.
There were 7,752 Confederate soldiers wounded and 1,546 killed. The slaves were now free to fight for the Union in the war. This meant less soldiers for the south and more soldiers for the north. This document changed the course of the war. Now, in addition to fighting to save the country and bring America together again, the Civil War was a war for freedom. President Lincoln issued a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation Sept. 22, 1862. It went into effect on Jan. 1, 1863. This was a Confederate victory because Burnside's attempt to move south and attack was unsuccessful. April 9, 1865 Gen. Lee's troops were surrounded by Union soldiers. Gen. Lee surrendered his soldiers. Flags of truce flew between 10:00 and 11:00 a.m. This was the beginning of the end of the war. Ewell, adding Maj. Gen. Richard S.. "Stonewall Jackson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stonewall_Jackson "First Battle of Bull Run - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Battle_of_Bull Run Civil War Photos - Antietam." CivilWarPhotos.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwarphotos.net/files/antietam.htm>. "What Did The Emancipation Proclamation Accomplish? Webcast | National Endowment for the Humanities." neh.gov | National Endowment for the Humanities. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.neh.gov/news/what-did-the-emancipation-proclamation-accomplish-webcast>. Make sure that titles in APA citations are properly capitalized. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word or any proper nouns. 1861, November, ground attacks, as well as the vital ports of Charleston, and Savannah.. "THE BOYS IN BUTTERNUT." THE BOYS IN BUTTERNUT. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://boysinbutternutlaurens.blogspot.com/>. "The United Confederate Veterans ... ." Sons of Confederate Veterans - Beauregard Camp #130 ... . N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2013. <http://www.scv-camp130.org/ucv.htm>. Connors, Tiffany. "HowStuffWorks "Proclamation Time Line"." HowStuffWorks "History". N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. <http://history.howstuffworks.com/historical-events/lincoln-emancipation-proclamation2.htm>. The Civil War The Civil War was a war between the North and the South on the issue of slavery. The North, also called the Union, believed there should be no slavery. They thought it was wrong to keep humans enslaved. The South, or the Confederates, thought the opposite. They didn't see the problem with forcing African Americans to do work for them.
There were many significant battles during the war. They each were different and important to the war in their own way. vs.
"US Flags during the Civil War." The Battle of Gettysburg Resource Center - Index. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. <http://gburginfo.brinkster.net/CWFlags-US.htm>.
"Memorial Day Confederate Flag Stirs Concerns « CBS Denver." CBS Denver. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. <http://denver.cbslocal.com/2011/05/25/memorial-day-confederate-flag-stirs-concerns/>.
Category. " Battle of Fredericksburg - Civil War Battle of Fredericksburg ." American History From About. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. <http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarbattles/p/cwbattle_fred.htm>.

Category. " Battle of Fredericksburg - Civil War Battle of Fredericksburg ." American History From About. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarbattles/p/cwbattle_fred.htm>.


"Potomac River Fisheries Commission (Maryland entry)." Maryland State Archives. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. <http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/mdmanual/38inters/html/18potf.html>.


State. "The Battle of Bull Run Summary & Facts | Civilwar.org." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/bullrun.html?tab=facts>.


State. "The Battle of Fredericksburg Summary & Facts | Civilwar.org." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/fredericksburg.html?tab=facts>.


State. "The Battle of Antietam Summary & Facts | Civilwar.org." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam.html?tab=facts>.


State. "The Battle of Fort Sumter Summary & Facts | Civilwar.org." Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/fort-sumter.html?tab=facts>. Bibliography Cont'd This battle showed that the South had the strength and they weren't afraid to fight. It also showed they had the weapons available to them, too. P. G. T. Beauregard led the attack on Fort Sumter for the South. This was the last major battle of the war. Union Victory
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