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Hate Crimes: An Unnecessary Evil

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Mariah Felt

on 12 April 2016

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Transcript of Hate Crimes: An Unnecessary Evil

Definition:

•Hate crimes motivated by the offender’s bias toward a particular ethnicity/national origin

-12.1% because of ethnicity/nationality
-59.4% are targeted because on an anti-Hispanic bias

•Hate crimes against Latinos on the rise for years

-Direct result of immigration debate


Hate Crimes: An Unnecessary Evil

Group Five: Mariah Felt, Erica Clark, Danielle Tunnell, Anna Hulbert, Isaac Hernandez
April 12, 2016 Prof. Malaret SOC 382-01
"A criminal offense against a person or property motivated in whole or in part by an offender’s bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender, or gender identity." (FBI, 2016).
Thank you for listening.
A Hate Crime is:
Hate Crimes Against Ethnicity

•Hate crimes motivated by the offender’s bias toward a particular religion
-18.7% because of religion
-62.4% towards Jewish
-11.6% towards Islamic









•Increase of hate crimes against Muslims after 9/11
-1700% increase in hate crimes against Muslims 6 months after 9/11
-Racial profiling- discriminatory practice by law enforcement officials of targeting individuals for suspicion of crime based on the individual's race, ethnicity, religion or national origin.




Hate Crimes Against Religions



Actions and Solutions Against Hate Crimes



•Understand the basics: who, what, where, when, and why
-Identify, report, assess the hate and violence
-Can involve labeling theory or conflict theory

•Support the victims

•Educate the public about numbers/statistics and all forms of hate crimes by collaborating information across various cities, counties, states, etc

•Provide hate prevention training to all staff, including teachers, administrators, school/security personnel, and support staff

•Ensure that all students receive hate prevention training through age-appropriate classroom activities, assemblies, and other school-related activities



•Develop partnerships with families, community organizations, and law enforcement agencies

-If there is no present enforcement agencies or programs/legislation in community, start your own and unite

•Use the media to one’s advantage and promote healthy relationships between various groups of people via radio, shows, facebook, twitter, etc

•Counsel offenders and learn more about where the hatred and stigma comes from

•Challenging task and there
is not one overall solution
that can stop hate crimes, needs to be a unified effort and constant attitudes reinforced everyday




Actions and Solutions Cont.


Sociological Theories
Conflict Theory
Society lives for conflict: Dominant vs. Subordinate
Labeling Theory

Oppression keeps people complacent...
they begin to internalize and believe
Symbolic Interaction
"Stimulated to act by symbols" (Rose, 1977)
Media gives people justification to treat minorities the way they have been cast.
This is not limited to black vs. white
Continual conflict blinds the masses
Positive Stereotypes
Negative Stereotypes
Double Standards

•In the year 64 AD a fire destroyed a tremendous portion of Rome. Emperor Nero felt like he was being blamed for the disaster, and began shifting his guilt to the Christians. Declaring that anyone who followed the religion should be punished.

•Hitler’s “Final Solution” called for the persecution and annihilation of the Jewish people--it was a hate crime so tremendous that it affected the entire world. The Holocaust resulted in the mass murder of millions

•In the early 1990’s, hate crimes against the Tutsi people led to Genocide in Rwanda. Hutu extremists in Rwanda’s political elite blamed the entire Tutsi minority population for the country increasing social, economic, and political pressures.


Hate Crimes that Changed
World


•In 1964, members of the KKK killed civil three civil rights workers which led to federal lawmakers who:

-Passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964

-Established the first federal hate crimes legislation in 1968

-Encouraged states to enact their own laws criminalizing hate crimes in the 1980s

•In 1998 James Byrd Jr., An African American man was murdered in Texas by white supremacists. Four months later a college student named Matthew Shepard was tortured and murdered by two men because he was gay.

-Resulted in the passing of the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009--making it a federal crime to cause or attempt to cause injury to any person because of the victim’s “race, color, religion, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability”




Hate Crimes that Changed
America


Hate Crimes: Becoming History


•An annual report released by the FBI in 2014 revealed that overall reported hate crime incidents decreased to the lowest number since the first year of reporting in 1991. However there is still work to be done

-Civil rights groups remain concerned about ongoing problems of under reporting, which makes it hard to get an actual picture of the scope of the problem year to year

-Better protection for transgender individuals

•In one of the most disturbing developments of recent years, some anti-immigration groups, claiming to warn people about the impact of illegal immigration, have inflamed the immigration debate and brought about negative results such as:

-Dehumanization

-Racist stereotyping

-Bigotry of hate groups


Introduction
The FBI notes in a December 2014 report: “Of the reported 3,407 single-bias hate crime offenses that were racially motivated, 66.4 percent were motivated by anti-black or African-American bias, and 21.4 percent stemmed from anti-white bias.
Race and Hate Crimes
FBI hate crime data show that more than 50 out of every 1 million black citizens was the victim of a racially motivated hate crime in 2012, the highest among any racial group.
When Teddy Roosevelt in 1886 said, "I don't go so far as to think that the only good Indians are the dead Indians, but I believe nine out of every 10 are, and I shouldn't inquire too closely into the case of the 10th."
1 in 5 biased incidents based on race is anti-white
Full transcript