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ICT for Malnutrition

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Molly Rugg

on 26 March 2013

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Transcript of ICT for Malnutrition

Monitoring Malnutrition Today's Questions Defining the Problem and the Goal Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
1.8: Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
1.9: Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption Discussion Questions Using ICT for Nutritional Surveillance in Developing Countries 1. What are the major issues surrounding existing nutritional surveillance systems?
2. How can ICT address these issues?
3. What are the strengths and weaknesses of proposed ICT systems? Millennium Development Goal Targets What is Malnutrition? Malnutrition: cellular imbalance between the supply of nutrients and energy and the body’s demand for them to ensure growth, maintenance, and specific functions (WHO, 2010). How can ICT address these issues? 1. Mobile-based monitoring
Rapid SMS 2. Web-based monitoring
Multi Agent System to Reduce Malnutrition Rapid SMS in Malawi Original paper-based form RapidSMS to register a child RapidSMS text message to report measurements Multi Agent System to Reduce Malnutrition (MASRM) in Sri Lanka System Architecture
1. User Identify Agent
2. Detection Agent
3. Advice Agent
4. Knowledge-Based Data Server
5. Medical Agent (Dezhi & Ganegoda, 2010) (UNICEF, 2009) Weaknesses Strengths 1. Storage
Archiving, comparing, tracking
2. Computation
Error reduction
Improved data completeness
Low operational costs
3. Communication
Data transmission
Polydirectional Networks
Death of time 1.Device/Data literacy
2. Infrastructure
Intermittent connectivity
3. Device cost
4. Evaluation What are the major issues surrounding existing (non-ICT) nutritional surveillance systems?
1.Storage
2.Communication
One-way data
Interpretability
Delays in transmission of data
3. Computation
Poor quality
Validity
High operational costs (Bertolini, 2011; Dezhi &Ganegoda, 2010; Quinn & Kennedy, 1994; UNICEF, 2009) Store
Compute
Communicate (WHO, 2011) Mobile-based What are the strengths and weaknesses of proposed ICT systems? Web-based Conclusions Technology is "a standard solution to a prototypical need, derived from what we know about the world and embedded in a physical structure." (Hilbert, 2012 ) Nutritional Surveillance: to watch over nutrition, in order to make decisions which lead to improvements in health and nutrition (WHO, 1974). e-nutrition surveillance What are the future recommendations for successful use of ICT systems? Store
Compute
Communicate Major issues surrounding existing nutritional surveillance systems 2. How can ICT address these issues? Strengths of proposed ICT systems Store
Compute
Communicate
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