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Cecilia Martinez

on 7 May 2015

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Transcript of DIABETES

Type Diabetes
How Many Are Affected
Diabetes is .....
When someone has type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakenly attacks the beta cells in the pancreas. The pancreas can no longer produce enough or any insulin for the body. Since there is no longer enough insulin to force the cells to take in glucose as energy, when levels are high, it builds up in the blood and causes high glucose levels. Insulin must be injected therefore a daily plan has to be made ahead of time to assist their diet.

It is a small organ located behind the stomach.

The pancreas produces the chemicals trypsin, amalyase, lypase and enzymes into the digestion system to digest proteins, carbohydrates and cholesterol.

The pancreas also contains beta cells, beta cells react to high levels of glucose in the blood stream and release insulin. The insulin moves the glucose from the blood into cells to be used as energy or to be stored as fat.
Diabetes is one of the top ten killers of adults, and the percentage is rising world wide.

There are 382,000,000+ people in the world who have diabetes
more than 3 million people in Canada have diabetes and 29.1 million in the U.S. Out of the 29 million people, 21 million are diagnosed and 8.1 million who are undiagnosed (27.8%).

There are 89,000,000 people in the U.S that have prediabetes. That's 1/3 of the population.. 15 to 30% of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes in 5 years.
Heart disease and stroke
Kidney disease
Celiac disease (digestive system disease)
Eating disorders
Diabetes can cause blindness.
Nerve damage
Gangrene infection causing amputation
Complications during pregnancy
Premature death
Diabetes is a disease where there is elevated blood glucose concentration. There are 3 types of diabetes, there is type one, type two and gestational. Type 1 usually occurs in childhood or adolescence, there are cases that occur in adulthood. Type 2 is more occurring in adulthood than childhood. Gestational diabetes only appears during pregnancy, and can cause development of diabetes in both the mother and child.
The Pancreas
Warning signs
low energy, weakness = easy tiring
Pain in fingers, feet and legs
Frequent infections
Slow healing of cuts and bruises
Weight loss with nausea
Excessive urination
Craving for foods
abnormally high glucose in the blood
Type Diabetes
Gestational Diabetes
90% of people with diabetes have type 2. In type 2 diabetes the cells have a resistance to insulin. The pancreas may produce enough or even more than enough insulin but it cannot properly force the cells to take in the glucose. The levels of glucose and insulin in the blood rises. Since the pancreas is constantly over working it may end up not being able to produce insulin sufficiently.
Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy. During pregnancy the females body needs to produce more insulin to provide mother and infants needs. The placenta makes hormones that is more difficult for glucose to enter the cells which results in hyperglycemia. These complications are also high blood pressure, premature death and cesarean birth for the baby it would be excessive birth weight, hypoglycemia, jaundice and difficulty breathing. Gestational Diabetes will go away after child birth. Gestational diabetes is between 3.7 and 18 per cent of Canadian pregnancies.

There are a few ways to to prevent yourself from getting diabetes.
Getting regular daily exercise
Losing weight or maintaining healthy weight
Having a healthy diet
eat foods high in fiber (fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grain)
getting tested regularly especially if you are over weight or over the age of 40
Insulin pump

One way of getting insulin is using an insulin pump. Insulin pumps have a small tube called a cannula that is inserted just under the skin and is kept in place for a few days at a time until they need changing. The cannula allows insulin to be delivered into the layer of fat we have just under the skin, from where it can be absorbed by the blood.
Blood glucose testing involves pricking fingers to take a sample of blood. the benifits of testing is that it helps you to avoid unpleasant high and low sugar levels which can make you tired and uncomfortable as well as being potentially dangerous in the short and long term.
Diet plays a significant role in the control of blood sugar levels. Keeping away from products with high glucose levels.
The test for type 1 and type 2 diabetes is a Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test.
This test measures the percent of sugar on the hemoglobin in your blood cells.
Higher blood sugar levels lead to more hemoglobin with sugar attached.
A1C tests are taken over a couple of months with more than one test.
A1C level of 6.5%+: this means the person has Diabetes
A1C level of 5.7-6.4%: this means the person has prediabetes.
A1C below 5.7% is considered normal.
Sometimes the A1C is not accurate, u have conditions that cause it to be inaccurate like being pregnant or a hemoglobin varient. you can take a number of other tests
Fasting blood sugar test
Blood sugar test
Oral Glucose tolerance test
If you are at risk of Gestational diabetes during pregnancy a doctor may test you through
Glucose challenge test
Follow-up glucose tolerance testing

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