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Age and Gender

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Becky Abbott

on 9 June 2010

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Transcript of Age and Gender

Gender and Age Socioligical
Theories Functionalism traditional divison of labor benefits society
women are smaller and better built for domestic duties
males where stronger and more useful for hunting and protecting
women are needed more for reproduction
males where less important for reproduction
most functionalists recognize that it has created dyscunctions in modern societies Conflict Theory women kept out of work force so men could keep the benefits
men wanted to keep the status quo
better for hunting and gathering, horiculture, and agricultural societies
not so good for industrial and postindustrial societies
mens strength that was needed in hunting and protecting no longer needed
they feel that keeping women out of the work force is outdated

Symbolic Interactionism parents are important in socilizing children into their gender
encourage/teach children to act like their gender
teach them to act like the societie's idea of a perfect boy/girl
teachers also play an important role
girls expected to sit quietly
hyper boys are more accepted than hyper girls
girls are turned away from science and math
this hurts their confidence in their schooling so they are put at a disadvantage to boys
they tend to feel that they could never be a scientist

Men and Women Sexism: A set of Beilefs, attitudes, norms, and values used to justify gender inequality. Occupational segragation:One group; black, wite, male, female, etc, concentrated in one class of work. Sexist ideology: the belief that one gender is better than the other. Non-traditional jobs held by men and women Pilots
Construction workers
Fire Fighters
Engineers Women Men Childcare Providers
Public relations
Interior Decorators
Estheticians Words to
Know Biological Determination is a principle that behavioral
differences are the result of inherited physical characteristics Gender Identity is a sense of being male or female based on
learned or cultural ideas Gender Socilization is the process of learning
how to act as a boy or girl Sex is the classification of people as male or female based
on biological characteristics Ageism Age Stratification when the unequal distribution of scarce resources (power, wealth, prestige) in a society is based on age
chronological age is another basis for social ranking
Ageism: a set of beliefs, attitudes, norms, and values used to justify prejudice and discrimination against a particular age group Sociological Perspectives Elderly people in a given society are treated to the role the aged play in that society (functionalism)
elderly people compete with other age groups for economic resources, prestige, and power (conflict theory)
children learn negative images of older people just as they learn other aspects of culture (symbolic interactionism) The Elderly... in agricultural societies play the more important roles (males) like a priest ageism involves creating negative stereotypes (symbolic interationism) stereotypes:
"senile", "forgetful", or "daft"
(most aren't) Inequality in America's Elderly Population As a Minority Group Early research tended to study older people in institutions, with diminished mental and physical capacities, which coincided with the Amerian public's negative view of elderly people Poverty They spend more on health care and housing (than younger people) The federal government assumes that older people require less money to live income gap distorts the economic picture most don't have sources of income besides social security Elderly women constitute one of the poorest segment of Amerian society women over 65 are twice as likely to live in poverty than males over 65 Elderly women most likely to be poor are single, have never married, are divorced, separated, or widowed Political Power in the Elderly voting turnout in the US increases with age, citizens over 65 or over have been the most active voters in presidential/congressional elections
political power of the elderly not realized because of the diversity of the older population interest groups: groups organized to influence political decision making Millions of Americans belong to them that target ageism, such as the AARP (American Association for Retired Persons) have been affective in protecting programs that benefit older Americans (ex: Midicare or Social Security) Main idea: the inequalities between different genders and between different ages
Related to Sociology: the way that social groups interact with others based on their gender and age
Affects society: how people are treated and the way they treat others The End Gender and employment Men are paid more in most jobs
Only some jobs pay the same for both men and women
In some countries, women barely get paid a little over half of what men are paid
Men are favored as employees more often becuase they can't take maternal leave

Political positions Onle 17 women are in congress
only 13 women were apointed
4 of the women took the position after thier husbands died
In 30 years, twice was there more than one woman in cabinet, if any, at the same time
the number of women in the united state's public office is the record low for the western world
In Scandinavian countries, 20% of members of parliament are women
there are women in the power elite Power elite: Positions of power that can effect the world as a whole Conflict: The battle between the sexes has been going on forever. The thought is that men are better, smarter and more agile. But over time, the thought has been changed because of the fight the women, showing they can be as good and better then men. Symbolic: Women were seen as a sign of fertility, and gentleness. That gave women a picture of a sort of weakness, so men treated them s if the couldn’t do as much. Men were seen as a strong pillar. Change The major belief of women was that they were only good as homemakers and having kids. Through much hard work and strife, that image has been changed, though some still believe this. Now if someone says that a women is only good for cooking and house work, their seen as idiotic and fascist. Women’s right’s movements have greatly affected how their looked at. Sawyer was here Brief Summary/Review
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