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Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives
Transcript of Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives
A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea.
Person: Mr. Garcia likes to eat spinach.
Place: Mission is an old town.
Thing: To cook you need a couple of pots.
Quality: Honesty is a great value to possess.
A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun in a sentence.
An adjective is a word that modifies, or describes, a noun or pronoun.
In a sentence, nouns answer the questions who and what.
Example: The dog ran after the ball.
In the sentence above, there are two nouns, dog and ball.
A noun may be concrete (something you can touch, see, etc.), like the nouns in the example above
a noun may be abstract, as in the sentences below.
Example 1: She possesses integrity.
Example 2: He was searching for love.
Nouns may also be proper.
Example 1: She visited Chicago every year.
Example 2: Thanksgiving is in November.
Chicago, Thanksgiving, and November are all proper nouns, and they should be capitalized.
Find the nouns:
My body ached after I played three hours of basketball.
The forest had many beautiful trees and animals.
My alarm went off loudly in the morning.
Which are proper nouns?
college, harvard college, university, jefferson high school, indiana state university
secretary, governor brown, president johnson, mayor john lindsay
Example: She decided to go to a movie.
In the sentence above, she is the pronoun. Like nouns, pronouns may be used either as subjects or as objects in a sentence.
Example: She planned to ask him for an interview.
In the example above, both she and him are pronouns; she is the subject of the sentence while him is the object. Every subject pronoun has a corresponding object form, as shown in the table below.
Subject Pronouns Object Pronouns
Because a pronoun REFERS to a noun or TAKES THE PLACE OF that noun, you have to use the correct pronoun so that your reader clearly understands which noun your pronoun is referring to.
If a student parks a car on campus, he or she has to buy a parking sticker.
(INCORRECT: If a student parks a car on campus, they have to buy a parking sticker.)
Remember: the words everybody, anybody, anyone, each, neither, nobody, someone, a person, etc.
are singular and take singular pronouns.
Everybody ought to do his or her best. (INCORRECT: their best)
Neither of the girls brought her umbrella. (INCORRECT: their umbrellas)
You use pronouns like "he," "which," "none," and "you" to make your sentences less cumbersome and less repetitive.
Refer clearly to a specific noun.
Don't be vague or ambiguous.
INCORRECT: Although the motorcycle hit the tree, it was not damaged.
(Is "it" the motorcycle or the tree?)
INCORRECT: I don't think they should show violence on TV.
(Who are "they"?)
INCORRECT: Vacation is coming soon, which is nice.
(What is nice, the vacation or the fact that it is coming soon?)
INCORRECT: George worked in a national forest last summer. This may be his life's work.
(What word does "this" refer to?)
INCORRECT: If you put this sheet in your notebook, you can refer to it.
(What does "it" refer to, the sheet or your notebook?)
Find the pronouns
Betty has a driver’s license, but she doesn’t have it with her.
The doctor told the boys that they could use his boat.
An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies, or they may appear after a form of the reflexive verb to be (am, are, is, was, etc.).
Example 1: We live in the red brick house.
Example 2: She is tall for her age.
In example 1, two consecutive adjectives, red and brick, both describe the noun house.
In example 2, the adjective tall appears after the reflexive verb is and describes the subject, she.
Find the adjectives
A cold wind drove the deep snow into the huge drifts.
The new atomic submarines are spacious and comfortable.
Many young Americans are making important scientific discoveries.