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Hebrew Scriptures (OT) Basics

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by

TJ Mullaney

on 15 June 2016

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Transcript of Hebrew Scriptures (OT) Basics

I. Authorship
A. Oral Tradition
- passing down info/stories by word-of-mouth
1. Textual CSI
+
Many, many mouths
Biblical scholars figure out who wrote what by looking at...
Sentence structure
Vocabulary/word choice
Subject matter / Main interests
Any other patterns in the text
EXAMPLE Exercise!
The bible went from oral traditions to written tradition
- many different authorial traditions combined
- collective authorship, not individual
B. The all-important
Babylonian exile
586 BC
THE MOST IMPORTANT DATE TO KNOW
THE MOST IMPORTANT DATE TO KNOW
C. Why it's such
a big deal
1. What all happened
2. WHEN?!
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- Most of the Hebrew Scriptures compiled and edited
II. Basic Reading Strategies for Scripture
a. types of books
1. Law
- AKA "Torah" ("Law" in Hebrew)
- AKA "Pentateuch" ("5 Scrolls" in Greek)
Basic Facts
- written in Hebrew, Aramaic, & Greek
- later fully translated into Greek (Septuagint)
- disputed books...
- Deuterocanonicals ("second canon")
- AKA Apocrypha
- final Catholic canon of 46 books
NOT Arabic
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Deuteronomy
Numbers
tells story of origin of Israelites and provides God's Law (AKA Mosaic Law AKA The Law)
2. Historical
16 books
Joshuajudgesruth1+2samuel1+2kings
1+2chroniclesezranehemiahtobitjudithesther1+2maccabees
Story of Israelites from entry into Promised Land through Greek conquest
Historical STYLE --
Not necessarily true historical accounts
3. Wisdom Books
7 books
jobpsalmsproverbsecclesiastessongofsongswisdomsirach
poetry, songs, wise sayings, and philosophical works
4. Prophets
18 books
isaiahjeremiahlamentationsbaruch
ezekieldanielhoseajoelamosobadiah
jonahmicahnahumhabakkukzephaniahhaggaizechariahmalachi
stories, visions, and preachings of Jewish religious reformers
B. How to Interpret Scripture
exegesis
critical interpretation of Scripture
Explaining what a passage means by taking into account...
Historical context (what was happening when it was written)
Linguistic context (what the words meant when it was written)
Literary context (how literary genres worked when it was written)
"Four score and seven years ago..."
"Contextualist approach"
1. Hebrew Scriptures (OT)
1. Gospels
- AKA "Good News"
4 Books
MATTHEWMARKLUKEJOHN
Tells the stories of Jesus' life, death, and resurrection
2. Acts
Story of the Apostles and the beginning of the Church
3. EPISTLES
21 books
Romans1+2CorinthiansGalatians
Ephesiansphilippianscolossians
1+2thessalonians1+2timothytitus
philemonhebrewsjames1+2peter
jude1+2+3john
Letters to early Christian communities filled w/ teachings and advice
4. Revelation
1 book
A vision of the end of the world filled with symbolic meanings and teachings
2. Christian (New) Testament
1 Book
AKA "Acts of the Apostles"
AKA "Apocalypse"
SOME OTHER NOTES FOR UNIT 1
Full transcript