Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Anthropology Theories

No description
by

Michelle Ma

on 6 February 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Anthropology Theories

Anthropology
Culture and Personality
Functionalism
Structuralism
Key Terms
culture
personality
pattern
emotions
values
individual
human identity
What is it?
The idea of the theory:
Examples
The culture we grow up in influences us so that we think that everything is supposed to be done the same way or a certain way.

However, there are different thoughts and actions in different types of cultures and societies.

If we were born in a different country or year our behaviors would adapt to certain customs.
Key Terms
function
structure
society
culture
individual
interdependence
support
What is it?
Cultural institutions function together to support the structure of society
To meet the needs of individuals in a society
Biological and Physical
The functionalism theory focuses on the physical needs of human nature as well as the biological needs that are needed to function in a society and its culture for long-terms!
Examples
An example would be the government supporting their citizens in education, employment, etc., and in return the citizens will contribute back to their society with their outcomes such as taxes.
What is it?
Patterns in cultural systems are the results of the mental structure of the human mind
Mostly associated with language, culture, and society
Key Terms
systems
patterns
structure
mental
linguistics
culture
kinship
Archaeology
May be related to structuralism theory since elements of cultures have relationships with different types of structures and are influenced by them
behavior
society
adaptation
socialization
development
cross-cultural
internal
Culture stems from the personalities of people
Personalities of people stem from their cultures
From the studies of Ruth Benedict, she believed that every culture has its standards and beliefs that leads to the relationships and values within them.
Benedict stated that an individual is like culture, with patterns of thoughts and processes
Individuals are linked to the culture they take part in
Personality helps to recognize one's own culture
Cultural Anthropology
The culture and personality theory focuses on proving that culture is a part of our human nature

Culture affects our behavior and thoughts
psychological
structural
system
physical
The idea of the theory:
Early 20th century
Early 20th century
Human physical and psychological needs were studied by Bronislaw Malinowski and he stated 7 universal human needs: nutrition, safety, relaxation, reproduction, growth, movement, and bodily comfort.
Malinowski studied cultures to relate them to functioning the needs
Alfred Radcliffe-Brown studied the social structure
Relationships are built within the system of a society
Dependence is a huge role
Different parts of society contributes to the stability of the society as a whole.
Bibliography
The idea of the theory:
Claude Lévi-Strauss searched for fundamental structures in human mind
Tested out structures and meaning through different activities and phenomena that are systems (male-female, culture-nature)
Mid 20th century
What is it?
Materialism
Late 19th century
Key Terms
Examples
economy
society
socioeconomic
materials
development
production
technology
The changes in material conditions influence how the society and economy works
Karl Marx stated that it is necessary to produce the required materials in life in order for generations to thrive
Production relations depend on the culture and its social economy
Marx predicted that production and materials like technology would overcome the community and society
The idea of the theory:
Many cultures (such as North Americans, etc.) depend and rely on new production materials and technology like cellphones and laptops!
It changes the way people communicate and process their thoughts and actions!
Linguistic
The materialism theory deals with the way people in society communicate and interact with each other and how people become reliant on different and new materials.
Boeree, D. (n.d.). Personality Theories: Introduction. My Webspace files. Retrieved July 25, 2013, from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/persintro.
Murphy, D. D. (n.d.). Culture and Personality - Anthropological Theories - Department of Anthropology - The University of Alabama. Department of Anthropology - The University of Alabama. Retrieved July 25, 2013, from http://www.anthropology.ua.edu/cultures/cultures.php?culture=Culture%20and%20Personality
Functionalism, in anthropology and sociology | Infoplease.com. (n.d.). Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas, Biographies, Dictionary, Thesaurus. Free online reference, research & homework help. | Infoplease.com. Retrieved July 25, 2013, from http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/society/functionalism-anthropology-sociology.html
Historical materialism. (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved July 25, 2013, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_materialism
Functionalism | Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. (n.d.). Introduction to Cultural Anthropology | Fall 2010 Alma College. Retrieved July 25, 2013, from http://soa212.wordpress.com/2010/09/18/functionalism
Own, t. e. (n.d.). Structuralism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved July 25, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Structuralism#S
Ruth Benedict Patterns of Culture. (n.d.). Ruth Benedict. Retrieved July 25, 2013, from classes.yale.edu/03-04/anth500b/projects/project_sites/02_alexy
Culture Shock
Ruth Benedict
Views cultures as 'personality writ large'
Bronislaw Malinowski
Alfred Radcliffe-Brown
Claude Lévi-Strauss
Kinship; Mythology
Karl Marx
Full transcript