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Was China's one child policy a good idea?

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by

Rachel Rabbit

on 22 October 2012

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Transcript of Was China's one child policy a good idea?

Was China's one child policy a good idea? By Rachel Cheung What is the one child policy? Good things
about the policy Benefits for
China as a whole What I think about
the policy Other options Bad things about
the policy Conclusion The policy states that couples in China may only have one child, and is designed to limit population growth The government rewarded those who observed
the policy. There has been a big improvement
in standards of living.
Better health care has resulted in a sharp decline in mortality (particularly infant mortality.)
This then translates to longer life expectancy. Between the 1950s and 1970s, life expectancy in China increased by an average of
1.5 years every year! Children won't have the experience of having a sister or brother or cousins, aunties & uncles. This policy has horrific side effects for female babies; abortion, neglect, abandonment, and even infanticide are likely to happen to female infants. I think that the policy has
improved the standards of living for many chinese people, but the ways they enforce it are harsh (forced abortion and fines), and it has had negative side effects such as infanticide and gender imbalance. People also argue that it's a violation against human rights because many couples want to have more
than one child. I think that the
government should provide free contraception and
education to families who don't have
access to it. It was introduced in 1979 by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. It was introduced as a "temporary measure" but is still in action today. The Chinese government claims the policy has prevented an estimated 400 million births. Added together, that means life expectancy has shot up from below 40 years old to almost 70 years old. This is because families want their name carried on through sons, so the family name can "live on", this has the opposite effect now because there are fewer woman than men meaning they can pick who they want to marry and many men remain unmarried (therefore unable to carry on the name.) The policy has resulted in the disparate ratio of 114 males for every 100 females among babies from birth through to children of four years old. To conclude I think that the standard of living
in China has greatly benefited from the policy.
However many individuals are unhappy with the policy as it prevents them having a large family with siblings. People in rural areas are more likely not to abide by the policy as fewer children mean fewer working hands to help with crops. People also say it's a violation of human rights. Some religious groups object to the policy
as it goes against Catholic teachings. But in return, the couples had to pledge that they would not have any more children. I also think that in rural areas (where infanticide and abandonment occur more frequently) they should offer "compensation" if couples are unhappy with their baby girl such as tools or equipment to help them farm. Penalties (fines) are given to couples with more than one child. But since lots of couples that have a second child are poor, they often don't have enough money to pay the fine and live the rest of their lives in debt, there are suicide cases associated with this. Couples with only one child received a "one-child certificate" entitling them to benefits like cash bonuses, longer maternity leave, better child care, and preferential housing assignments. Disabled or sickly babies were also likely to be abandoned. People may come up with an alternative method of population control (in India they are giving away prizes such as TVs and cars if you have a sterilization before a certain date. Although the policy has negative side effects it has been successful in making China a more sustainable country. If the policy had not been enforced they would not be able to feed and provide for their own population. This week there was the birth of the 100 millionth child born under the one child policy.
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