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TEXTILES

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by

Carlota Waterhouse Berral

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of TEXTILES

FIBRES AND FABRICS TEXTILES Cotton and linen are the most common vegetable fibres but there are other types, for example, jute, hemp.
Grows in wet, hot, climates. It's Physical properties strong, resists abrasion, durable, absorbent, dries slowly, creases easily, cool to wear. It can be used for underwear, bedding, nightwear, t-shirts, shirts, dresses, jeans, towels, handkerchiefs. It can be washed and ironed at high temperatures, best ironed when damp but can get bleached.

Cotton Wool Silk is also comes from a natural source. Is from the cocoon spun by the Mulberry caterpillar. Its physical properties strong, durable, doesn’t crease easily, absorbent, warm and cool to wear, drapes well, smooth, shiny surface, damaged by deodorants and perspiration, weak when wet. Its use for, underwear, scarves, dresses, blouses, flowers, ties. Aftercare.. hand wash in low temperatures as fibres are weak when wet, and high temperatures and movement cause them to break and fabrics look permanently creased, can’t be bleached or tumble dried and should be dried away from direct sunlight, medium temperature when ironing. To maintain the long fibres the caterpillar is boiled alive. If it breaks out of the cocoon the fibres are shorter and give a lower quality fabric


SILK By Carlota Waterhouse Berral 10M
(10c) Wool comes for a natural source, sheep. Its physical properties are.. its very absorbent but doesn’t feel wet, resists creases, warm, not very strong, felts/shrinks with heat and rubbing. Its used for, suits, sweaters, socks, scarves, blankets, carpets. Aftercare..usually only washed by hand in low temperatures as heat and movement causes shrinking, can’t be bleached, medium temperature iron, can’t be tumble dried and is normally laid flat to dry. Wool can also be blended with Polyester or Nylon to make it easier to look after.



Nylon It comes from synthetic fibre made from crude oil and coal. Its physical properties are, strong, crease resistant, not absorbent, not warm, durable, thermoplastic, holds static. Its used for carpets, shirts, dresses, jackets, suits, bags, umbrellas. Aftercare..wash and iron at low temperatures, can’t be bleached. The first synthetic fibre to be discovered. It is also known by the name Polyamide. Can be engineered into high performance fabrics, e.g. Kevlar. Often blended with wool.





It comes from artificial source,synthetic fibre made from crude oil and coal. Its physical properties are warm, not as strong and durable as nylon and Polyester, doesn’t crease, thermoplastic, not absorbent, pills, holds static. Used for, sweaters, blankets, imitation fur, furnishings, socks. Aftercare..wash and iron at low temperatures, can’t be bleached. Often o used to imitate wool, often blended with wool.







Acrylic Synthetic fibre made from crude oil and coal. Its physical properties are strong, lightweight, crease resistant, dries quickly, very stretchy
End uses – include sportswear, leggings, jeans, underwear, socks, swimwear..
Aftercare...wash and iron at low temperatures, can’t be bleached. Lycrafibre is a registered brand name for elastane fibres.







Elastomerics
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