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Food Poisoning

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by

Kameron Granger

on 24 March 2014

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Transcript of Food Poisoning

Food Poisoning
Treatments:
References:
http://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/food-poisoning/food-poisoning
http://www.foodsafety.gov/poisoning/causes/
http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/condition/food-poisoning
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/food-poisoning/basics/symptoms/con-20031705
http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/food-poisoning/overview.html
Diagnosis:
Preventions:
Wash hands, kitchen utensils and/or kitchen areas that were used or going to be used thoroughly with soap and water.
Be aware of raw/undercooked foods.
Cook foods to the right temperature especially meat.
Separate raw and cooked or 'ready-to-eat' foods.
Use different cutting boards for the meats.
Cool foods to the right temperature, 0 - 5 degrees Celsius.
Causes:
Definition:
Food poisoning, also called food-borne illness results from eating food or drinking water containing poisonous substances including bacteria, viruses, pesticides, or toxins.
Physical Exam
Stool Culture
Blood Test
CBC
Chemistry Screen
If the illness is really serious then the doctor may suggest sigmoidoscopy.

Effects:
Risk Factors:
Statistics:
Symptoms:
It usually depends of the type of infection caused by the bacteria or toxins & these are usually caused by Cross Contamination of foods, Undercooked foods & Improper food processing.
Bacteria - such as Salmonella, Listeria, E. coli, Campylobacter, Botulinum, Staphylococcus, Shigella, etc.
Parasites - such as protozoa, roundworms, and tapeworms.
Viruses - such as Hepatitis A, Norovirus, Ritavirus, etc.
Fungal agents such as Mucor or Aspergillus.
Toxic agents such as pesticides on fruits and vegetables.
Kameron Granger
March 24th, 2014
Period 3

The incubation period is usually between the average 1-3 days, but may continue up to 90 days. Within this incubation period the symptoms usually start within the first 2-6 hours:
Nausea & Vomiting
Diarrhea (may be bloody)
Fever
Abdominal pain and/or cramping
Chills
Infants
Elderly
Pregnant women
People who have a serious medical condition such as kidney disease or diabetes
Bland Foods
Medication
Prevent Dehydration - Oral rehydration or preferably drink lots of water.
Plenty of rest
If it doesn't go away in the next 1-5 days then you should see your doctor.
Most people recover but if they don't then it usually depends on the type of infection caused by the bacteria. In general this rarely happen though:
Symptoms may worsen
Death
Kidney failure
Chronic arthritis
Brain and nerve damage
Death
The Federal government estimates that there are about 48 million cases of food-borne illness annually—the equivalent of sickening 1 in 6 Americans each year. Each year these illnesses result in an estimated 128,000 hospitalizations and 3,000 deaths.
To sum it up, its common in adults, & pregnant women.
Full transcript